Kibi International University
Takahashi, Japan

Kibi International University is a private university in Takahashi, Okayama, Japan, established in 1990. Wikipedia.

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Nonaka T.,Kibi International University | Bril B.,Groupe de Recherche Apprentissage et Contexte
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance | Year: 2014

Dexterous behavior exhibits exquisite context sensitivity, implying the efficacy of exploration to detect the task-relevant information. Inspired by the recent finding that fractal scaling of exploratory movements predicts how well the movements sample available perceptual information, we investigate the possibility that dexterity of craftsmen would be characterized by fractal (long-range) temporal correlation properties of fluctuations in their movement wielding a tool. A reanalysis of hammering behavior involved in stone beads production in India (Nonaka & Bril, 2012) revealed the presence of long-range, power-law correlations, as part of multiplicative cascades operating over a wide range of time scales. In the unfamiliar condition using unusual material, the wielding behavior of highly skilled experts displayed a significant increase of long-range temporal correlations, whereas that of less experts exhibited a significant loss of long-range correlations and reduced heterogeneity of scaling properties over time, which robustly discriminated the groups with different skill levels. Alterations in long-range correlation properties of movement fluctuations are apparently associated with changes in the situation differently depending on the level of expertise. © 2013 American Psychological Association.

Rein R.,German Sport University Cologne | Bril B.,Groupe de Recherche Apprentissage et Contexte | Nonaka T.,Kibi International University
American Journal of Physical Anthropology | Year: 2013

Stone tool-use and manufacture is seen as an important skill during the evolution of our species and recently there has been increased interest in the understanding of perceptual-motor abilities underlying this skill. This study provides further information with respect to the motor strategies used during stone knapping. Kinematics of the striking arm were recorded in expert and novice knappers while producing flakes of two different sizes. Using Uncontrolled Manifold Analysis, the results showed that knappers structure joint angle movements such that the hammer trajectory variability is minimized across trials, with experts displaying significantly smaller variability compared with novices. Principal component analysis further revealed that a single component captures the complexity of the strike and that the strike is governed by movements of the elbow and the wrist. Analysis of movement velocities indicated that both groups adjusted movement velocities according to flake size although experts used smaller hammer, wrist, and elbow velocities in both flake conditions compared with novices. The results suggest that while the gross striking movement is easy to replicate for a novice knapper, it requires prolonged training before a knapper becomes attuned to the finer details necessary for controlled flaking. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Hirao K.,Kibi International University
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health | Year: 2015

Background: Internet addiction (IA) is a common disorder among adolescents throughout most of the industrialized world. The purpose of this study was to compare mental states between Japanese undergraduates with IA and those without IA. Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, 165 healthy participants were assessed for IA using the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), for the frequency and quality of flow experiences in daily life using the Flow Experience Checklist (FEC), and for depressive symptoms using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). Results: The results showed that the prevalence of IA in the participants of this study was 15% and the frequencies of flow experience and depressive symptoms were significantly higher in the IA group. Conclusion: The results indicate that IA affects a significant number of Japanese university students and is associated with higher rates of depressive symptoms, suggesting a need for intervention programs as part of student mental health services. © 2015 by De Gruyter.

Matsumoto H.,Kibi International University | Motoda H.,Kibi International University
Plant and Soil | Year: 2013

Aims: Although many studies on the mechanism of Al toxicity and tolerance have been conducted independently, events occurring during the recovery process from Al injury is limited. This study was to investigate Al toxicity recovery mechanism focusing in morphological and physiological aspect. Methods: We investigated the mechanisms underlying Al toxicity recovery in terms of oxidative stress using the pea root apex as a model system. Results: The accumulation of reactive oxygen species was remarkably high in the root under continued Al treatment but decreased in the recovering root. The superoxide anion exuded in the presence of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) showed a similar tendency with respect to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species. A similar pattern of lignin content and superoxide dismutase activity was observed among the treatments, while the increased peroxidation in the root under continued Al treatment did not decline with recovery treatment. A longitudinal section of the root under continued Al treatment showed the accumulation of superoxide anion, lignin and peroxide (H2O2) at the epidermal and outer cortex region where the Al induced injuries, including ruptures, are detected. Conclusions: Oxidative stress is associated with the mechanism of Al toxicity recovery. The recovery process might include the elongation of the central cylinder as a consequence of the oxidative stress-induced formation of the zonal region (ZR). The results further suggest a plausible role for the ZR in the programmed cell death-like function involved in Al toxicity recovery. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Harada K.,Kibi International University
[Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: Life-space is a spatial measure of mobility defined by the distance a person routinely travels to perform activities over a specific time period. Life-space assessment (LSA) has been widely applied, but measurement properties have not been investigated in a Japanese population. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe distributions of maximal life-space and to clarify the validity of composite scores of an LSA scale among community-dwelling older adults using preventive health care services in Japan. METHODS: Surveys were conducted between November 2007 and February 2008 with a specially prepared Japanese LSA version. The sample was composed of 2,147 participants using preventive health care services provided by the Japanese long-term care insurance system, all being aged 65 and over, with adequate cognitive functions and living at home in the community (29.5% men, mean age +/- [SD] 79.4 +/- 6.9 years). First, the levels of life-space, based on how far a person had travelled on leaving his or her place of residence during the month preceding the assessment, were investigated. Second, LSA scores were calculated considering the degree of independence as well as frequencies for individuals at each level, then descriptive statistics were checked. Finally, it was tested whether the scores could be related to external criteria and functional or socio-psychological variables stated in previous studies. RESULTS: Sixty-four percent of individuals attained the highest level of life-space (i.e. outside town). The average of the composite scores was 51.4 +/- 25.2 points and the distribution was almost normal. The dispersion of the scores tended to be large. Values correlated with the hierarchical mobility level classification as an external criterion (0.539). As hypothesized, the scores were correlated with age (-0.296), functional mobility (time up and go test) (-0.387), and instrumental activities of daily living (0.533), and were discriminated by sex, depressive mood, and perceived health status, in the expected directions. CONCLUSIONS: The present study described the extent of life-space in older adults using preventive health care services in Japan, and provided preliminary support for criterion-related (concurrent) and construct validity of scores with the LSA Japanese version. The LSA composite scoring method may have advantages for detecting differences in life-space among individuals, as compared to simply using the maximal level attained.

Nonaka T.,Kibi International University
Ecological Psychology | Year: 2013

This study examined the movement coordination in an exceptional tetraplegic individual who has practiced Japanese calligraphy with a mouth-held brush for over 25 years to reach master level. In the experiment, the calligrapher wrote the same Chinese character on a sheet of ink paper multiple times. The uncontrolled manifold analysis revealed the forms of covariation among joint degrees of freedom so as to keep the brush pressure, brush angle, and upright head posture invariant over different realizations of the task while allowing for joint configuration fluctuations that do not affect these task variables. The fact that the 3 task variables were simultaneously controlled further suggested that the acquisition of the skill was not only a matter of learning to control each of the task variables but also a matter of learning to nest different layers of activities that control the multiple functional relationships to the environment in such a way as not to be dysfunctional for one layer to another. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Hirao K.,Kibi International University
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

Background: Autotelic personality (AP) is known to have a positive effect on the quality of life. We hypothesized that inferiority feelings may be less pronounced in individuals with AP than in those with an average (AV) or a nonautotelic personality (NAP). Aims: This study aimed to compare inferiority feelings among three personality groups: An AP group, an AV group, and an NAP group. Materials and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey among 148 undergraduate students aged 18-24 undertaken in Okayama, Japan. Participants completed the Flow Experience Checklist and Inferiority Feelings Scale. Results: With the number of flow activities, participants were classified into three groups: 3+ for AP (n = 28, 18.9%), 1-2 for AV (n = 72, 48.6%), and 0 for NAP (n = 48, 32.4%). One-way analysis of variance showed significant differences among the three groups with respect to the Inferiority Feelings Scale. Multiple comparison analysis using Tukey’s test showed that inferiority feelings in AP were significantly less pronounced than in the NAP group. Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that AP was lesser than NAP in association with pronounced inferiority feelings. © 2014, North American Journal of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Matsumoto H.,Kibi International University | Motoda H.,Kibi International University
Plant Science | Year: 2012

Al inhibits root apex elongation with concomitant morphological injuries such as ruptures punctuated by the regions stained with Evans blue. The recovery can be investigated by transfer of Al-injured roots to a solution lacking Al. In the Al-injured root apex, superoxide anion, H2O2, Al, and lignin accumulate. During the recovery process, the central cylinder elongates leaving the region stained with Evans blue without marked disappearance. The obvious function of the region is not clear but may trigger the elongation of central cylinder during the recovery process. Thus the function of the region stained with Evans blue might be derived from the programmed cell-like idea. Oxidative stress concerns events induced under Al toxicity and the recovery process. The superoxide anion is primarily formed by plasma membrane-associated NADPH oxidase and is dismuted to H2O2 and O2 by superoxide dismutase. H2O2 provides the electrons for the polymerization of phenolics to lignin, which causes the stiffening of the cell wall. The distortion of the cell wall caused by lignin may induce the breaking and tearing of cells, which results in the formation of ruptures at the rhizodermis and outer cortex layers. The production of superoxide anion, H2O2, and lignin was reduced during the recovery process and thereby the elongation of the central cylinder may be induced. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Yokoi T.,Kibi International University
American journal of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias | Year: 2012

The conditions associated with wandering in people with dementia include purposeless activity, purposeful actions, irritation, and symptoms of depression. The words and actions of 5 people admitted to long-term health care facilities who often exhibited wandering behavior were observed, and the above conditions were studied based on our self-awareness model (consisting of "theory of mind," "self-evaluation," and "self-consciousness"). One person who had not passed the theory of mind task but had passed the self-evaluation task was aware of her wandering. However, she could not understand where she wanted to go or for what purpose. Four persons who had not passed the self-evaluation tasks were not aware of their wandering and had no purpose for their wandering.

Hirao K.,Kibi International University
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Objective: The relationship between paranoia symptoms and underlying prefrontal cortex mechanisms among healthy subjects was analyzed using near-infrared spectroscopy. Methods: Seventy-eight healthy subjects were assessed for paranoia symptoms using the Japanese version of the Paranoia Checklist. Changes in hemoglobin concentrations were assessed using 2-channel near-infrared spectroscopy on the surface of the prefrontal cortex while subjects performed a verbal fluency test. Results: Changes in the concentration of oxygenated hemoglobin in the prefrontal cortex during a verbal fluency test did not correlate with the Japanese version of the Paranoia Checklist. Conclusion: Our findings show that the symptoms of paranoia do not negatively affect the prefrontal cortex function among healthy subjects. Copyright© 2014, Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology

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