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Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau | Shek D.T.L.,University of Kentucky | Sun R.C.F.,University of Hong Kong
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology | Year: 2013

We review, a multi-year positive youth development program entitled " P.A.T.H.S. to Adulthood: A Jockey Club Youth Enhancement Scheme" (Project P.A.T.H.S.), which was initiated and funded by The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust with the involvement of 5 universities in Hong Kong, is described. The Research Team developed curricula-based positive youth development programs for junior secondary school students (20 hours per grade) and designed training programs for the potential program implementers (20 hours per grade). Roughly half of the secondary schools and more than 200,000 students in Hong Kong joined the program. Multiple evaluation strategies including objective outcome evaluation, subjective outcome evaluation, secondary data analyses, process evaluation, interim evaluation, qualitative evaluation based on focus groups, student weekly diaries, case studies, and repertory grid method were employed. Existing evaluation findings revealed that different stakeholders had positive perceptions of the program, workers, and benefits of the program. Results also showed that the program was effective in promoting holistic positive youth development and reducing risk behavior in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. © 2013 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.


Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau | Shek D.T.L.,University of Kentucky
International Journal on Disability and Human Development | Year: 2012

A survey of the literature shows that there are worrying developmental issues among university students in Hong Kong. Unfortunately, universal adolescent prevention and positive youth development programs specifi cally designed for university students are grossly lacking in Hong Kong. With reference to the positive youth development approach, it is argued that promotion of intrapersonal competencies and interpersonal relationship skills among university students is an important strategy to facilitate holistic development and well-being of young people in Hong Kong. At The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, a course entitled "Tomorrow's Leaders" focusing on positive youth development constructs to promote student well-being will be offered on a compulsory basis starting from the 2012/13 academic year under the new undergraduate curriculum structure. This paper outlines the objectives, intended learning outcomes, syllabus, assessment and references of the subject. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter · Berlin · Boston.


Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau | Shek D.T.L.,University of Kentucky | Sun R.C.F.,University of Hong Kong
International Journal on Disability and Human Development | Year: 2012

At The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, a two-credit general education course entitled "Tomorrow's Leaders" was developed to promote intra- and interpersonal competencies in university students. The course was piloted in four classes of students in the 2010/11 academic year. Pre-test and posttest data utilizing the Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale (CPYDS) were collected from 50 students taking the course. Positive changes in the program participants based on the total scale and subscale scores were observed. The present study provides pioneering support for the effectiveness of the course in promoting holistic development of Chinese university students in Hong Kong. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter · Berlin · Boston.


Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau | Shek D.T.L.,University of Kentucky | Sun R.C.F.,University of Hong Kong
International Journal on Disability and Human Development | Year: 2012

Qualitative evaluation was carried out to understand the perceptions of the students taking a course entitled "Tomorrow's Leaders" at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Based on the refl ections of 189 students, results showed that most informants used positive descriptors to describe the course. When the informants were invited to name a metaphor that could stand for the course, the related metaphors were basically positive in nature. Intra- and inter-rater reliability analyses revealed that the coding of the positive or negative nature of the responses was reliable. The present study provides qualitative evaluation fi ndings supporting the effectiveness of this course in promoting holistic development in Chinese university students in Hong Kong. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter · Berlin · Boston.


Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau | Shek D.T.L.,University of Kentucky | Sun R.C.F.,University of Hong Kong
International Journal on Disability and Human Development | Year: 2012

To promote leadership and intrapersonal competence in university students, a general education course based on the positive youth development approach was developed at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong. The course was piloted in four classes of students in the 2010/11 academic year. After completion of the course, subjective outcome evaluation data based on a validated instrument were collected from 189 students. Results showed that the students generally had positive perceptions of the program and implementers, with over 90 % of the participants indicating that they were satisfi ed with the program and that the program was perceived as helpful to them in the domains of holistic development and leadership. Multiple regression analysis revealed that perceived qualities of the program was a major factor predicting perceived effectiveness of the program. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter · Berlin · Boston.


Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau | Shek D.T.L.,University of Kentucky | Sun R.C.F.,University of Hong Kong
International Journal on Disability and Human Development | Year: 2012

Five focus groups (n = 23 students) were conducted to understand the feelings and views of the students taking a course entitled "Tomorrow's Leaders" at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Several observations were highlighted from the fi ndings. First, students generally had positive perceptions of the subject content, the class, and the lecturers. Second, almost all students regarded the subject could promote their reflection and self-understanding. Third, all students held the view that there was a need to have this course in their university study. Finally, students identifi ed some aspects of the course that could be improved and some suggestions for revamping the course were made. In conjunction with other evaluation fi ndings, the present fi ndings suggest that this subject can promote the holistic development of Chinese university students in Hong Kong. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter · Berlin · Boston.


Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau | Shek D.T.L.,University of Kentucky | Sun R.C.F.,University of Hong Kong
International Journal on Disability and Human Development | Year: 2012

To understand the implementation quality of a general education course at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, process evaluation was carried out for 14 lectures, with each lecture being observed by two observers. Results showed that the average level of program adherence was high (85.71 %). High implementation quality of the program in the areas of student interest, classroom control, use of interactive delivery method, use of strategies to enhance student motivation, opportunity for refl ection, degree of achievement of the objectives, quality of preparation, overall implementation quality and success of implementation was observed. Results also showed that different aspects of the program implementation contributed to the high quality and success of the program. The present fi ndings provide support for the implementation quality of the course in a university setting. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter · Berlin · Boston.


Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,East China Normal University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology | Year: 2014

Study Objectives: Empirical studies investigating the inter-relationships among subjective outcomes and objective outcomes are sparse in the scientific literature. This study examined the relationship between these 2 forms of outcome evaluation data in Chinese adolescents, utilizing longitudinal data. Design: In Wave 3 and Wave 4 of a randomized group trial, 2,784 Chinese secondary school students responded to the Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale (CPYDS) assessing objective outcome at pretest (Wave 3) and posttest (Wave 4). Students in the experimental schools also responded to a measure of client satisfaction assessing the subjective outcome of a positive youth development program at posttest (Wave 4). Results: Subjective outcome evaluation measures (eg, process, program, and effectiveness) at Wave 3 were significantly correlated with CPYDS scores at Wave 4 and difference scores. Subjective outcome evaluation measures also predicted changes in the objective outcome evaluation measures scores across time. Conclusions: The present findings replicated the previous findings that subjective outcome and objective outcome evaluation findings were intimately related, and subjective outcome measures predicted posttest measures and their changes over time. The present study suggests that subjective outcome evaluation findings may yield useful information regarding program effectiveness in youth work settings. © 2014 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.


Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health | Year: 2010

This paper examines the relationships between positive youth development and behavioral intention to gamble among Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Over a period of two years, four waves of data were collected from Chinese secondary school students who responded to validated measures of Chinese positive youth development and adolescent behavioral intention to gamble. Consistent with the general prediction and with the exception of social competence and positive and clear identity, results showed that positive youth development indexed by different indicators was negatively related to adolescent behavioral intention to gamble. Multiple regression analyses showed that positive youth development measures predicted adolescent gambling and their changes over time. The present findings suggest that promoting positive youth development is a possible strategy that can help to prevent adolescent problem gambling. ©Freund Publishing House Ltd.


Yu L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Shek D.T.L.,East China Normal University | Shek D.T.L.,Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology | Year: 2013

Objective: The present study investigated the prevalence and psychosocial correlates of Internet addiction in Hong Kong adolescents using a longitudinal design. Design: Three waves of data were collected over 3 years from students in 28 secondary schools in Hong Kong (Wave 1: 3,325 students, age = 12.59 ± 0.74 y; Wave 2: 3,638 students, age = 13.64 ± 0.75 y; Wave 3: 4,106 students, age = 14.65 ± 0.80 y). Main Outcome Measures: Young's 10-item Internet Addiction Test, Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale, and Chinese Family Assessment Instrument were used. Results: At Wave 3, 22.5% of the participants met the criterion of Internet addiction, which was lower than those observed at Wave 1 (26.4%) and Wave 2 (26.7%). Using different measures at Wave 1 to predict Internet addiction at Wave 3, it was found that male students showed more problematic Internet use behavior than did female students; good family functioning predicted lower probability of having Internet addiction; positive youth development indicators negatively predicted Internet addictive behaviors over time. Conclusions: The results suggest that strengthening family functioning and promoting positive youth development could be a direction for preventing Internet addiction in Hong Kong adolescents. © 2013 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.

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