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Tamalene M.N.,Khairun University | Al Muhdhar M.H.I.,State University of Malang | Suarsini E.,State University of Malang | Rohman F.,State University of Malang
Medicinal Plants | Year: 2016

The world population, especially in developing countries, depends on medicinal plants for basic health treatment. In Indonesia, 55.3% people uses traditional herb for their health treatment and 95.6% admits that traditional herb used is valuable for their health. Obelo Dalam (Togutil) ethnic group is one of remote ethnic groups in Indonesia practicing traditional medicinal treatment using medicinal plants. Until now, there is no specific identification on the medicinal plants used by the ethnic group. Information on medicinal plants used by nomadic and sedentary communities of Tobelo Dalam (Togutil) was collected through direct contact semi-structured interview with key informants and group discussion. Determination of main informants was conducted using purposive sampling technique and snowball sampling was used to determine the key informants. Result of study revealed that the nomadic community of Tobelo Dalam (Togutil) ethnic group used 36 species of medicinal plants that belonged to 22 families for medicinal treatment to maintain their basic health; whereas, the sedentary community of the group use 57 species of medicinal plants that belonged to 35 families. © 2016, IndianJournals.com. All rights reserved.


Wahab I.H.A.,Khairun University | Arief A.,Khairun University
ICITACEE 2015 - 2nd International Conference on Information Technology, Computer, and Electrical Engineering: Green Technology Strengthening in Information Technology, Electrical and Computer Engineering Implementation, Proceedings | Year: 2016

To implement the good IT governance in local governance, we need an IT governance design for mature and appropriate models. There are some problems that appear in designing information technology governance in local government. The problem is how to control the information technology risk management at the operational level and designing information technology in mapping an integrated framework. So this led to the adoption of information technology in local government to be inefficient. This study proposes an integrated model framework of COBIT and TOGAF to design more comprehensive IT Governance to increase the efficiency of the application of IT in local government. An integrated model to solve the problem of IT risk management control are using the COBIT 5 framework. To solve the problem in designing an integrated IT governance is used TOGAF 9.1 framework. The result is the integration model combines three aspects: governance area, 6 principles and management area are used for the effective application of IT governance in local government. © 2015 IEEE.


Wahab L.H.A.,Gadjah Mada University | Wahab L.H.A.,Khairun University | Susanto A.,Gadjah Mada University | Insap Santosa P.,Gadjah Mada University | Tjokronegoro M.,Gadjah Mada University
International Journal of Imaging and Robotics | Year: 2016

Analysis and interpretation of malaria parasite images were performed in which one of them was to obtain the parasite image patterns, thus it could be conducted classification process towards image based on its pattern. The parasite image pattern is different between one and another, this depends on parasite type. Differentiating between one image and another needs a feature for each pattern. This study, therefore, aimed to analyze and evaluate algorithms of learning vector quantization neural network for malaria parasite pattern recognition test in real time. The result of this study showed that the LVQ network classification method could recognize 92% object,. Algorithm time complexity for LVQ is O(n). © 2016 by IJIR (CESER PUBLICATIONS).


Liestianty D.,Khairun University | Rodianawati I.,Khairun University | Patimah,Muslim University of Indonesia | Muliadi,Khairun University
International Journal of Applied Chemistry | Year: 2016

This study aims to find out the chemical composition of modified and fortified sago starch by encapsulated phytoplankton extract. This study used a simple complete random design with 4 treatments (S0, S1, S2 dan S3) repeated three times resulting in total 12 experimental units. The treatments consisted of sago starch without modification and fortification (S0), sago starch with heat moisture treatment (HMT) (S1), sago starch fortified with 7% of phytoplankton extract flour 1 (S2), and sago starch fortified with 7% of phytoplankton extract flour 2 (S3). The study procedures included the following steps: production of modified sago starch and continued with fortified sago starch production. Each of treatment was analyzed for its chemical compositions that included water content, ash content, protein, fat, crude fibre, carbohydrate, starch, amylose, amylopectin and color. Study findings indicated that the chemical compositions of the sago starch are: water level 13.51-17.37% (significant), protein 0.11-0.27% (significant), fat 0.65-0.87 % (significant), crude fibre 0.39-1.45% (significant), carbohydrate 81.07-83 % (significant), starch 70.25-72.61% (significant), amylose 23.95-26.59 % (significant) and amylopectin 43.69-48.4 % (significant). © Research India Publications.


Ilyas A.M.,Khairun University | Rahman M.N.,Khairun University
Telkomnika | Year: 2012

Fuel cost of a thermal generator is its own load functions. In this research, Modified Improved Particle Swarm Optimization (MIPSO) is applied to calculate economic dispatch. Constriction Factor Approach (CFA) is used to modify IPSO algorithm because of the advantage to improve the ability of global searching and to avoid local minimum, so that the time needed to converge become faster. Simulation results achieved by using MIPSO method at the time of peak load of of 9602 MW, obtained generation cost is Rp 7,366,912,798,34 per hour, while generation cost of real system is Rp. 7,724,012,070.30 per hour. From the simulation result can be concluded that MIPSO can reduce the generation cost of 500 kV Jawa Bali transmission system of Rp 357,099,271.96 per hour or equal to 4,64%.


Najamuddin,Khairun University | Prartono T.,Bogor Agricultural University | Sanusi H.S.,Bogor Agricultural University | Nurjaya I.W.,Bogor Agricultural University
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2016

Lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) concentrations from surface sediments were determined at 17 stations in riverine, estuarine, and marine environments during the wet and dry seasons. The geochemical fractionations were obtained by a sequential extraction procedure in five geochemical forms: exchangeable, bound to carbonate, iron-manganese oxide, organic, and residual fractions. The concentrations of Pb and Zn in the water were higher during the wet season than the dry season and higher in the riverine and marine samples than the estuarine samples. Following geochemical fractionation, the metals were found mainly in the residual fraction. The results indicated that the concentrations were influenced by season, with the sources of Pb and Zn derived mainly from rivers and natural sources. The contamination status in the estuary of the Jeneberang River was classified as weak to moderate pollution and the risk level to aquatic biota attributed was no risk to low risk. © 2016.


Tamalene M.N.,Khairun University | Tamalene M.N.,State University of Malang | Muhdhar M.H.I.A.,State University of Malang | Suarsini E.,State University of Malang | And 2 more authors.
Biodiversitas | Year: 2016

Tobelo Dalam (Togutil) ethnic group has been using local plants for years; one of them is Canarium. The ethnic are nomads and live in conservation forests. Data on ethnobotanical knowledge was collected through interview technique with “work in the wood” method. There were three types of informant: main informants, key informants, and recommended informants. Main informants were chosen through purposive sampling technique while key informants and recommended informants were chosen through snowball sampling technique. The informants in this study were grouped based on their age: 14 children (5-11 years), 18 teenagers (12-25 years), 13 adults (26-45 years), nine elder (46-65 years) and three old age (≥ 65 years). The result of fidelity level analysis (FL%) indicated that all age groups had FL value of 100% in utilizing walnut as local food. Regarding the use of skin exocarp the result was as follow: children (FL: 28.57%), teenagers (FL: 77.77%), adults (FL: 69.23%), and elder and old age (FL: 100%). Whereas, the use of Shell endocarp among the age groups was as follow: children (FL: 14.28%), teenagers (FL: 66.66%), adults (FL: 46.15%), elder (FL: 33.33%), and old age (FL: 100%). Canarium bark had value of FL% in children (FL: 35.71%), teenagers (FL: 61.11%), adults (FL: 92.3%), elder (FL: 33.33%), and old age (FL: 100%). The use of resin by the groups was children (FL: 50%), teenagers (FL: 83.33%), adults (FL: 92.3%), elder and old age (FL: 100%). The use of Canarium root among the groups was children (FL: 14.28%), teenagers (FL: 61.11%), adults (FL: 92.3%), elder (FL: 33.33%), and old age (FL: 100%). The use of plant’s trunk was as follow: children (FL: 50%), teenagers (FL: 77.77%), adults, elder, and old age (FL: 100%). The research indicated that walnut had high utility value. All parts of the plant (root, wood, bark, and resin) were exploited for economic, health and cultural interest. © 2016, Society for Indonesian Biodiversity. All rights reserved.


Liestianty D.,Khairun University | Rodianawati I.,Khairun University
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2015

Encapsulation of protein extract of phytoplanktonwas conducted. The research aims at testing thefeasibility of phytoplanktonextractsto be usedin encapsulated sago food with maltodekstrin. The analysis method was Lowry andscanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicated that protein extracts of Dunaliellasalina had a high rendament content afterencapsulating process, respectively 1.4 % and 0.407 % while the application of maltodekstrin was 5 percent. The highest protein content after the application of 30 % of protein extract of Dunaliellasalina to sago starch products was 9.19 mg/g. © Research India Publications.


Hamsir Ayub Wahab I.I.S.,Gadjah Mada University | Hamsir Ayub Wahab I.I.S.,Khairun University | Susanto A.,Gadjah Mada University | Insap Santosa P.,Gadjah Mada University | Tjokronegoro M.,Gadjah Mada University
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology | Year: 2014

The main challenge in detecting malaria parasites is how to identify the subset of relevant features. The objective of this study was to identify a subset of features that are most predictive of malaria parasites using second-order statistical features and principal component analysis methods. Relevant features will provide the successful implementation of the overall detection modeling, which will reduce the computational and analytical efforts. The results showed that the combination of the principal components of the feature value the correlation to the ASM, and the contrast to the correlation can separate classes of malaria parasites. © 2005 - 2014 JATIT & LLS. All rights reserved.


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