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Dongguan, China

Zhou T.,South China University of Technology | Liu S.,South China University of Technology | Zhao T.,South China University of Technology | Zeng J.,South China University of Technology | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2015

A sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method has been developed for simultaneous chiral analysis of an antiasthma drug bambuterol, its key intermediate monocarbamate bambuterol and its active drug terbutaline in human plasma. All samples were extracted with ethyl acetate and separated on an Astec Chirobiotic T column under isocratic elution with a mobile phase consisting of methanol and water with the addition of 20. mm ammonium acetate and 0.005% (v/v) formic acid at 0.6. mL/min. The analytes were detected by a Xevo TQ-S tandem mass spectrometer with positive electrospray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The established method has high sensitivity with the lower limit of quantifications of 25.00. pg/mL for bambuterol enantiomers, and 50.00. pg/mL for monocarbamate bambuterol and terbutaline enantiomers, respectively. The calibration curves for bambuterol enantiomers were linear in the range of 25.00-2500. pg/mL, and for monocarbamate bambuterol and terbutaline enantiomers were linear in the range of 50.00-5000. pg/mL. The intra- and inter-day precisions were <12.4%. All the analytes were separated in 18.0. min. For the first time, the validated method was successfully applied to an enantioselective pharmacokinetic study of rac-bambuterol in 8 healthy volunteers. According to the results, this chiral LC-MS/MS assay provides a suitable and robust method for the enantioselectivity and interaction study of the prodrug bambuterol, the key intermediate monocarbamate bambuterol and its active drug terbutaline in human. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source


Wu J.,South China University of Technology | Liu F.,South China University of Technology | Wang S.,South China University of Technology | Wang H.,South China University of Technology | And 5 more authors.
Chirality | Year: 2016

In this study an enantioseparation method for rac-bambuterol (5-(2-(tert-butylamino)-1-hydroxyethyl)-1,3-phenylene bis(dimethylcarbamate)) via diastereoisomeric salt formation with o-chloromandelic acid was developed. The enantiomeric excess (ee) values and chemical purities of the desired products were confirmed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using chiral stationary phase and reverse-phase HPLC analyses, respectively. The ee values and the chemical purities both exceeded 99%. Animal experiments showed that (R)-bambuterol was a potent inhibitor for histamine-induced asthma reactions. (S)-bambuterol was ineffective in relaxing the airways. Both enantiomers increased heart rates in beagles. Therefore, replacing rac-bambuterol with (R)-bambuterol could be beneficial for asthma patients. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Zhou T.,South China University of Technology | Zeng J.,South China University of Technology | Liu S.,South China University of Technology | Zhao T.,South China University of Technology | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2015

The chiral inversion has been a concerned issue during the research and development of a chiral drug. In this study, a sensitive chiral liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for determination of salbutamol enantiomers in human plasma and urine. The chiral inversion mechanism of R-salbutamol was fully investigated for the first time by studying the effects of physicochemical factors, including pH, temperature and time. A fitted model to predict the chiral inversion ratio of R-salbutamol was proposed using a Box-Behnken design. All the samples were separated on an Astec Chirobiotic T column and detected by a tandem mass spectrometer in multiple reaction monitoring mode. Lower limit of quantification of 0.100. ng/mL was achieved under the optimized conditions. The method was fully validated and successfully applied to the clinical pharmacokinetic study of R-salbutamol in healthy volunteers. Chiral inversion of R-salbutamol to S-salbutamol has been detected in urine samples. The results indicated that pH and temperature were two dominant factors that caused the chiral inversion of R-salbutamol, which should be taken into consideration during the analysis of chiral drugs. The chiral inversion of R-salbutamol determined in this study was confirmed resulted from the gastric acid in stomach rather than caused by the analysis conditions. Moreover, the calculated results of the fitted model matched very well with the enantioselective pharmacokinetic study of R-salbutamol, and the individual difference of the chiral inversion ratio of R-salbutamol was related to the individual gastric environment. On the basis of the results, this study provides important and concrete information not only for the chiral analysis but also for the metabolism research of chiral drugs. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.. Source


Zhou T.,South China University of Technology | Zhao T.,South China University of Technology | Cheng Q.,South China University of Technology | Liu S.,South China University of Technology | And 2 more authors.
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2014

A sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of R-bambuterol and its active metabolite R-terbutaline in human plasma and urine was established. The inhibition for the biotransformation of R-bambuterol in plasma was fully investigated. Plasma samples were prepared on ice and neostigmine metilsulfate added as a cholinesterase inhibitor immediately after sample collection. All samples were extracted with ethyl acetate and separated on a C18 column under gradient elution with a mobile phase consisting of methanol and water containing 5 mm ammonium acetate at a flow rate of 0.6 mL/min. The analytes were detected by an API 4000 tandem mass spectrometer with positive electrospray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The established method was highly sensitive with the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of 10.00 pg/mL for each analyte in plasma. In urine samples, the LLOQs were 20.00 and 500.0 pg/mL for R-bambuterol and R-terbutaline, respectively. The intra- and inter-day precisions were <12.7 and <8.6% for plasma and urine, respectively. The analytical runtime within 6.0 min per sample made this method suitable for high-throughput determination. The validated method has been successfully applied to the human pharmacokinetic study of R-bambuterol involving 10 healthy volunteers. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Zhou T.,South China University of Technology | Cheng Q.,South China University of Technology | Zou C.,South China University of Technology | Zhao T.,South China University of Technology | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2014

In this study, a rapid and sensitive hydrophilic interaction ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for simultaneous determination of bambuterol and its two major metabolites monocarbamate bambuterol and terbutaline in human plasma. All samples were simply precipitated using acetonitrile and separated on a UPLC-HILIC column under gradient elution with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water with the addition of 10mm ammonium acetate and 0.1% formic acid at 0.4mL/min. The analytes were detected by a Xevo TQ-S tandem mass spectrometer with positive electrospray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The established method was highly sensitive with the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of 10.00pg/mL for each analyte, and the intra- and inter-day precisions were <12.8%. The analytical runtime within 4.0min per sample made this method suitable for high throughput determination. The validated method was successfully applied to a clinical pharmacokinetic study of bambuterol in eight healthy volunteers. Furthermore, the effects of the chromatographic conditions on the retention of the analytes on HILIC were investigated, and the benefits of HILIC were evaluated by comparing with a C18 column. The results indicated that liquid-liquid partition and the electrostatic interactions played an important role in the retention of the analytes on HILIC in this study. And HILIC offered particular advantages over RPLC approach in the aspects of the peak symmetry, the column efficiency, and the column pressure. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

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