Key Site of National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease

Hangzhou, China

Key Site of National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease

Hangzhou, China
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Tian B.-P.,Zhejiang University | Tian B.-P.,Key Site of National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease | Xia L.-X.,Zhejiang University | Xia L.-X.,Key Site of National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease | And 24 more authors.
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2017

Background: Asthmatic inflammation is dominated by accumulation of either eosinophils, neutrophils, or both in the airways. Disposal of these inflammatory cells is the key to disease control. Eosinophilic airway inflammation is responsive to corticosteroid treatment, whereas neutrophilic inflammation is resistant and increases the burden of global health care. Corticosteroid-resistant neutrophilic asthma remains mechanistically poorly understood and requires novel effective therapeutic strategies. Objective: We sought to explore the underlying mechanisms of airway inflammation persistence, as well as corticosteroid resistance, and to investigate a new strategy of effective treatment against corticosteroid-insensitive neutrophilic asthma. Methods: Mouse models of either eosinophil-dominated or neutrophil-dominated airway inflammation were used in this study to test corticosteroid sensitivity in vivo and in vitro. We also used vav-Bcl-2 transgenic mice to confirm the importance of granulocytes apoptosis in the clearance of airway inflammation. Finally, the Bcl-2 inhibitors ABT-737 or ABT-199 were tested for their therapeutic effects against eosinophilic or neutrophilic airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness. Results: Overexpression of Bcl-2 protein was found to be responsible for persistence of granulocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after allergic challenge. This was important because allergen-induced airway inflammation aggravated and persisted in vav-Bcl-2 transgenic mice, in which nucleated hematopoietic cells were overexpressed with Bcl-2 and resistant to apoptosis. The Bcl-2 inhibitors ABT-737 or ABT-199 play efficient roles in alleviation of either eosinophilic or corticosteroid-resistant neutrophilic airway inflammation by inducing apoptosis of immune cells, such as eosinophils, neutrophils, TH2 cells, TH17 cells, and dendritic cells. Moreover, these inhibitors were found to be more efficient than steroids to induce granulocyte apoptosis ex vivo from patients with severe asthma. Conclusion: Apoptosis of inflammatory cells is essential for clearance of allergen-induced airway inflammation. The Bcl-2 inhibitors ABT-737 or ABT-199 might be promising drugs for the treatment of airway inflammation, especially for corticosteroid-insensitive neutrophilic airway inflammation. © 2017.


Tian B.-P.,Zhejiang University | Tian B.-P.,Key Site of National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease | Hua W.,Zhejiang University | Hua W.,Key Site of National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease | And 17 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology | Year: 2015

IL-17 is known to play important roles in immune and inflammatory disease, such as in asthma, but its functions in allergic airway inflammation are still controversial, and the molecular mechanisms mediating these functions remain unclear. Increased production of eosinophils in bone marrow and their emergence in the airway have been linked to the onset and progression of allergic asthma. In this study, we investigated the effects of exogenous IL-17 on allergic airway inflammation and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms through eosinophil generation. Exogenous IL-17 significantly attenuated the features of allergic inflammation induced by ovalbumin in mice. It inhibited eosinophil differentiation both in vivo and in vitro, accompanied by down-regulated expression of CC chemokine receptor 3, GATA binding protein 1 (GATA-1), and GATA binding protein 2 (GATA-2), as well as reduced formation of commonmyeloid progenitors and eosinophil progenitors, butwithout influencing eosinophil apoptosis. IL-17 also significantly decreased the number of eosinophils in IL-5-transgenic mice, although it notably increased the levels of IL-3, IL-5, and granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor. In addition, IL-17 had little effect on secretion of the inflammatory cytokines by eosinophils.Neutralization of endogenous IL-17 significantly augmented eosinophil recruitment in the airways. Together, these findings suggest that exogenous IL-17 protects against allergic airway inflammation, most likely through inhibition of the eosinophil differentiation in bone marrow. © 2015 by the American Thoracic Society.


Tian B.-P.,Zhejiang University | Tian B.-P.,Key Site of National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease | Zhou H.-B.,Zhejiang University | Zhou H.-B.,Key Site of National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease | And 7 more authors.
Microbes and Infection | Year: 2014

Allergic diseases result from over-reaction of the immune system in response to exogenous allergens, where inflammatory cells have constantly extended longevity and contribute to an on-going immune response in allergic tissues. Here, we review disequilibrium in the death and survival of epithelial cells and inflammatory cells in the pathological processes of asthma, atopic dermatitis, and other allergic diseases. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS on behalf of Institut Pasteur.

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