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Wei R.,Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Derived Food Safety | Wei R.,Key Open Laboratory of Edible Agricultural Products Safe Monitoring and Control | Ge F.,Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences | Huang S.,Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Derived Food Safety | And 5 more authors.
Chemosphere | Year: 2011

The objective of this investigation was to obtain a broad profile of veterinary antibiotics residues in animal wastewater and surface water around large-scale livestock and poultry farms in Jiangsu Province of China. Therefore, 53 samples collected from 27 large-scale animal farms in 11 cities and counties of Jiangsu Province in 2009, were monitored for 10 selected veterinary antibiotics using solid phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-MS/MS) techniques. Ten veterinary antibiotics were found in animal wastewaters, eight antibiotics were detected in pond waters, and animal farm-effluents and river water samples were contaminated by nine antibiotics. The most frequently detected antibiotics were sulfamethazine (75%), oxytetracycline (64%), tetracycline (60%), sulfadiazine (55%) and sulfamethoxazole (51%) which were detected with a maximum concentration of 211, 72.9, 10.3, 17.0 and 63.6μgL-1, respectively. The maximum concentration of 0.55μgL-1 for cyromazine, 3.67μgL-1 for chlortetracycline, 0.63μgL-1 for sulfadoxine, 39.5μgL-1 for doxycycline and 0.64μgL-1 for sulfaquinoxaline were determined in the collected samples. In general, the maximum concentration of the selected veterinary antibiotics was detected in animal wastewaters except for chlortetracycline in animal farm-effluents. In addition, residue levels of selected veterinary antibiotics in animal wastewater and surface water around the farms were related to animal species and have a high spatial variation. © 2010.

Zhang L.,Key Open Laboratory of Edible Agricultural Products Safe Monitoring and Control | Zhang L.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Bao H.,Key Open Laboratory of Edible Agricultural Products Safe Monitoring and Control | Bao H.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 8 more authors.
Virus Genes | Year: 2015

Using bacteriophages as a tool to the control of pathogens is a complementary to antibiotic therapy. We have isolated a lytic bacteriophage, designated vB_SauM_JS25, from sewage effluent on a dairy farm in Jiangsu, Mid-east of China for use as a biocontrol agent against Staphylococcus aureus infections. Phage vB_SauM_JS25 was morphologically classified as Myoviridae. The phage showed broad host ranges within S. aureus strains, lysing 51 of 56 strains (91.1 %). Its latent period and burst size were approximately 20 min and 21 PFU/cell, respectively. Phage vB_SauM_JS25 was able to survive in a pH range between 6 and 9. However, a treatment of 70 or 80 °C for 10 min completely inactivated the phage. Moreover, morphologic analysis of vB_SauM_JS25 revealed that it was closely related to other Myoviridae phages infecting Staphylococcus species. The bacteriolytic activity of phage vB_SauM_JS25 at a multiplicity infection (MOI) 1 indicted its efficiency for reducing bacterial growth. These findings suggest that phage vB_SauM_JS25 could be considered a potential therapeutic or prophylactic candidate against S. aureus infection. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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