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Li S.,Key Laboratory of Yunnan Higher Education Institutes for Optoelectric Information and Technology | Li S.,Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Materials and Device | Li S.,Yunnan Normal University | Liu Y.,Key Laboratory of Yunnan Higher Education Institutes for Optoelectric Information and Technology | And 16 more authors.
Physica B: Condensed Matter | Year: 2016

SnO2 nanobelts (SnO2 NBs) and Er3+-doped SnO2 nanobelts (Er-SnO2 NBs) were synthesized by thermal evaporation. The obtained samples were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersion spectrometer (EDS), and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS). It is found that Er-SnO2 NBs have a good morphology with smooth surface and their thickness are about 30 nm, widths between 200 nm and 600 nm, and lengths 30-80 mm. The nanobelts with good morphology were taken to develop sensors based on a single Er-SnO2 NB/SnO2 NB for studying sensitive properties. The results reveal that the response of a single Er-SnO2 nanobelt device is 9 to the formaldehyde gas with a shorter response (recovery time) of 17 (25) s. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Ma J.,Key Laboratory of Yunnan Higher Education Institutes for Optoelectric Information and Technology | Ma J.,Yunnan Normal University | Liu Y.,Key Laboratory of Yunnan Higher Education Institutes for Optoelectric Information and Technology | Liu Y.,Yunnan Normal University | And 8 more authors.
Nanoscale Research Letters | Year: 2014

Monocrystal SnO2 and Pd-SnO2 nanoribbons have been successfully synthesized by thermal evaporation, and novel ethanol sensors based on a single Pd-SnO2 nanoribbon and a single SnO2 nanoribbon were fabricated. The sensing properties of SnO2 nanoribbon (SnO2 NB) and Pd-doped SnO2 nanoribbon (Pd-SnO2 NB) sensors were investigated. The results indicated that the SnO2 NB showed a high sensitivity to ethanol and the Pd-SnO2 NB has a much higher sensitivity of 4.3 at 1,000 ppm of ethanol at 230°C, which is the highest sensitivity for a SnO2-based NB. Pd-SnO2 NB can detect ethanol in a wide range of concentration (1 ~ 1,000 ppm) with a relatively quick response (recovery) time of 8 s (9 s) at a temperature from 100°C to 300°C. In the meantime, the sensing capabilities of the Pd-SnO2 NB under 1 ppm of ethanol at 230°C will help to promote the sensitivity of a single nanoribbon sensor. Excellent performances of such a sensor make it a promising candidate for a device design toward ever-shrinking dimensions because a single nanoribbon device is easily integrated in the electronic devices. © 2014, MA et al.; licensee Springer.

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