Shi H.,Qingdao University |
Shi H.,Key Laboratory of Urinary System Diseases |
Jiang H.,Qingdao University |
Wang L.,Qingdao University |
And 11 more authors.
Stromal fibroblasts are essential for tumor proliferation and invasion. Here we presented a 3-dimensional (3D) microfluidic co-culture device to reconstruct an in vivo-like tumor microenvironment for investigation of the interactions of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and bladder cancer cells. With this device, we verified that the cytokines secreted by bladder cancer cells T24 effectively transform the fibroblasts into CAFs. Compared to fibroblasts, the CAFs, which undergo the aerobic glycolysis, showed higher ability to produce lactate and provide energy for bladder cancer cell proliferation and invasion. We also demonstrated that this kind of tumor-promoting effect was associated with the upregulation of monocarboxylate anion transporter 1 (MCT1) and MCT4 expression in CAFs. We concluded that MCT1 and MCT4 are involved in bladder cancer cell proliferation and invasiveness. Moreover, this 3D microfluidic co-culture device allows for the assay to characterize various cellular events in a single device sequentially, facilitating a better understanding of the interactions among heterotypic cells in a sophisticated microenvironment. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source