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Bian D.,Northeast Normal University | Bian D.,Changchun Institute of Technology | Bian D.,Key Laboratory of Urban Sewage Treatment of Jilin Province | Zhou D.,Northeast Normal University | And 11 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2015

Increasingly, environmental regulations are demanding more exacting chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nitrogen removal from wastewater, which come at a high economic cost. A very simple novel bioreactor, the micro-pressure swirl reactor (MPSR), can improve the dissolution and distribution of oxygen by the introduced micro-pressure swirl. Comparison with a conventional sequencing batch reactor (SBR) over 76 days of operation showed that this method can enhance simultaneous COD and nitrogen removal. By installing an aeration diffuser on one side of the two-dimensional MPSR, a swirl formed in the bioreactor that extended the retention time of the air bubbles. This unique flow regime, combined with the micro-pressure caused by the elevated water surface at the bubble outflow point, resulted in a higher level of dissolved oxygen (DO) in the MPSR. Aerobic and anaerobic zones that created appropriate conditions for simultaneous COD and nitrogen removal also formed in the MPSR. As the organic loading rate increased from 0.29 to 1.68 g COD/(L · day) over the test period, the COD removal efficiencies of the MPSR were generally 10–20 % greater than those of the SBR. In particular, the total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiencies of the MPSR and SBR were 40–50 and 20–35 %, respectively, whereas the TN concentrations in the MPSR effluent were always around 10 mg/L lower than those of the SBR. Further, because of the unique DO distribution, the bacterial species in the MPSR were more diverse and contributed to enhanced TN removal. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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