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Shi X.,Key Laboratory of Urban and Architectural Heritage Conservation | Shi X.,Nanjing Southeast University
Energy | Year: 2011

Architectural design is a process to find the best solution to satisfy various design criteria. To achieve sustainable and green design, performance simulations are often used to verify these criteria and modify the design. The conventional approach of manual trial-and-error is too time-consuming to be practical. Introducing optimization technique can greatly improve the design efficiency and help designers find the optimal design. In this paper, modeFRONTIER was used as the design optimization environment to find the best insulation strategy to minimize the space conditioning load of an office building located in Nanjing, China while keeping the insulation usage at minimum. EnergyPlus was integrated into the optimization tool by writing a DOS batch file to automate the work flow. The search engine was the genetic algorithm and it proved to be able to generate a well-defined Pareto frontier in a reasonable number of runs. Based on the Pareto frontier, the designer can specify his preferences and select the final design. The case study shows that an energy simulation program can be effectively integrated into a design optimization environment to find the optimal design. The technique presented has a broad application in architectural design, especially when the design considerations are multi-objective. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Xiong T.Y.,Nanjing Southeast University | Fu X.Z.,Nanjing Southeast University | Fu X.Z.,Key Laboratory of Urban and Architectural Heritage Conservation | Dong J.,Nanjing Southeast University
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2014

Rural dwellings have a big difference in the appearance and envelope. Living form is changing a lot from detached house to the apartment in multi-story apartments. These changes affect building's energy consumption consisting of heating and cooling. This paper focuses on the impact of the energy consumption affected by different surface volume ratios, simulation analysis showed a general argument of the difference. And for the same house type, this paper also compares the energy-saving effect of different envelop performances, Specific contents are the heat transfer coefficient and shading ways. Simulation results identified that SVR has influence on different types of houses, the energy consumption of row houses can be saved more than 30% compared with detached houses. Envelope performance also affects energy consumption and the national standard is recommended for the energy saving and the comfort. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Source


She W.,Jiangsu Research Institute of Building Science | She W.,Nanjing Southeast University | She W.,University of Dundee | Jones M.R.,University of Dundee | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Architectural Heritage | Year: 2015

The Hui-style residence is an important architectural heritage of China. The hollow wall structures are widely used to build its exterior wall system. However, the thermal performance of the hollow wall is no longer able to meet the new energy-saving and environmental requirement. This article describes a laboratory study of the development of foamed mortar (FM), with the potential for use in thermal upgrading of the Hui-style hollow wall system without dramatically changing its traditional structure. The key early age, physical, mechanical and thermal properties were systematically measured. Two extended models were respectively developed to calculate compressive strength and thermal conductivity, as a function of porosity. Environment chamber test was also employed to investigate the effectiveness of this novel thermal upgrading approach and the results show that filling the voids with FM can effectively improve the overall thermal resistance of the hollow wall system by 44%, which is almost equal to the overall thermal resistance when using the more expensive commercial inorganic stucco system. In addition, the combination of these two methods yielded an overall thermal resistance of 0.701 m2·K/W, which is even higher than 0.67 m2·K/W for the code required in the hot summer/cold winter climate zone. © Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source


Fu X.,Nanjing Southeast University | Fu X.,Key Laboratory of Urban and Architectural Heritage Conservation | Wu D.,Nanjing Southeast University
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2012

Hybrid ventilation has significant advantages in building energy-saving. We discussed the potential and influencing factors of the rational use of building hybrid ventilation systems in three typical cities, located in three different climate regions of China. We used the Adapted Comfort Standard (ACS) model and Energyplus software to analyze the hybrid ventilation efficiency. This method combines the advantages of Degree-Hours Method and Heat Balance Method, and also takes into account the wind-driven and buoyancy-driven models. Results shows that the natural ventilation potential (NVP) utilization hours of high thermal insulation buildings with temperature control ventilation can be up to 5080h in Beijing, 6195h in Nanjing and 6726h in Guangzhou, accounting for 58.0%, 70.7% and 76.8% of the full year respectively. It means that the rational use of hybrid ventilation and ventilation mode can significantly reduce building energy consumption in summer. © (2012) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Source


Qian K.,Key Laboratory of Measurement and Control of Complex Systems of Engineering | Qian K.,Nanjing Southeast University | Ma X.,Key Laboratory of Measurement and Control of Complex Systems of Engineering | Ma X.,Nanjing Southeast University | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Smart Home | Year: 2014

In this paper, the design and development of a Building Energy and Environment Monitoring System (BEEMS) for smart campus applications is proposed. The system is implemented based on distributed sensor nodes using ZigBee technology, which empowers the collection and monitoring of various types of measurements that reflect the energy consumption and environmental status of buildings. These parameters include temperature, humidity, air velocity, sound, bubble globe temperature, TVOC, CO2 concentration, air quality level, et al. The application software system is developed using jQuery-based Ajax general interactive architecture, and further integrated with campus GIS, which offers rich analysis and report functions for monitoring both energy consumption and environment parameters. © 2014 SERSC. Source

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