Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization

Guangzhou, China

Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization

Guangzhou, China
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Ye L.,Key Laboratory of Fishery Ecology and Environment | Ye L.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | Ye L.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Lu M.,CAS Wuhan Institute of Hydrobiology | And 8 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology | Year: 2017

The mass mortality of pond-reared scattered mirror carp, Cyprinus carpio, caused by Thelohanellus kitauei, occurred at fish farms in Sichuan Province, southwest China. Morphological and molecular analyses were supplemented with histological evaluation of infected tissues to better understand the route of infection and the pathological effects of T. kitauei on the fish host. The intestine of the diseased host was full of large cysts of the myxosporean. The cysts range from 2 cm to 3.6 cm in diameter. Histopathology indicated that T. kitaue i first invaded the submucosa of the host intestine and then moved into the mucosa layers with the development of their spores, finally entering into the enteric cavity of the hosts after the disruption of mucosa layers. The pyriform spores of T. kitauei were surrounded by the transparent spore sheath, measuring 25.98 μm±0.95 μm in body length, 8.72 μm±0.51 μm in body width, and 7.86 μm±0.26 μm in body thickness. The single polar capsule was pyriform, measuring 14.73 μm±0.92 μm in length and 6.82 μm±0.45 μm in width, with eight to 10 turns of filament coils winding inside. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 18S small-subunit ribosomal DNA sequences indicated that minimal genetic differences were present between T. kitauei samples from South Korea and from China. Close affinity was found between the genus Thelohanellus and Myxobolus. Additionally, two polar capsule nuclei were found at the anterior end of the single polar capsule in spores of T. kitauei stained with hematoxylin and eosin, which suggested the separation of the genus Thelohanellus from Myxobolus. © 2016, Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Zhao C.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Zhao C.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | Dai W.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Dai W.,Shanghai Ocean University | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Biology | Year: 2017

P53 And DNA Damage-Regulated Gene 1 (PDRG1) is a novel gene which plays an important role in chaperonemediated protein folding. In the present study, the full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) sequence of the PDRG1 gene from Penaeus monodon (PmPDRG1) was cloned by the rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) method. The cDNA of PmPDRG1 spans 1,613 bp, interrupted by only one short intron, and encodes a protein of 136 amino acids with calculated molecular weight of 15.49 kDa. The temporal expression profile of PmPDRG1 in different tissues and in different developmental stages of the ovary was investigated by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). An RNA interference (RNAi) experiment was performed to study the relationship between P. monodon p53 (Pmp53) and PmPDRG1, and the results showed that the relative expression level of PmPDRG1 mRNA was notably up-regulated from 12 h to 96 h after Pmp53 was silenced both in ovary and hepatopancreas. To further explore the role of PmPDRG1 in ovarian development, dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-injected shrimps were analyzed by RT-qPCR, indicating that PmPDRG1 may be involved in the regulation of ovarian development of P. monodon. © 2017, Sociedade Brasileira de Genética.


Bu R.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Bu R.,Shanghai Ocean University | Bu R.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | Wang P.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | And 7 more authors.
Developmental and Comparative Immunology | Year: 2017

Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are ubiquitous, multifunctional and evolutionarily conserved enzymes that can protect cells from oxidative damage caused by ROS and play a vital role in immune responses. Here, a full-length Prx1 cDNA sequence (PmPrx1) was isolated from Penaeus monodon. The PmPrx1 cDNA was 951 base pairs (bp), encoding 198 amino acid polypeptides. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the PmPrx1 mRNA was ubiquitously expressed in all tissues tested and had a comparatively high expression level in immune-associated tissues (gill, hepatopancreas). To explore the immune and anti-stress roles of PmPrx1, the gills and hepatopancreas were chosen as target tissues in Penaeus monodon and were challenged with bacteria (Vibrio harveyi and Streptococcus agalactiae) and toxic environmental stresses. To further clarify the immune function of PmPrx1 after bacterial challenge, the recombinant PmPrx1 protein was acquired using a prokaryotic expression method. The antioxidant activity of the recombinant PmPrx1 was assessed by the catalyzing hydrogen peroxide assay method, and the results showed obvious antioxidant activity in a dose-dependent and temperature-dependent manner. The antimicrobial activity of purified PmPrx1 protein was evaluated and further studied in vitro relying on a bacterial growth inhibition test which was conducted in both liquid and solid cultures. Furthermore, E. coli transferred with pRSET-PmPrx1 was dramatically protected in response to metal toxicity and H2O2 oxidative stress. In summary, this study provides useful information about the role of the Prx1 gene in defense against a variety of toxic factors in shrimps that help to further clarify the functional mechanism of Prx. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


Gu Y.-G.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Gu Y.-G.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Fishery Ecology and Environment | Gu Y.-G.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | Ke C.-L.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2016

We investigated distribution, sources, and potential risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the surface sediments from the largest mariculture base in the eastern part of the province of Guangdong in southern China. Total concentrations of ∑ PAHs were 29.38–815.46 ng/g (dry weight), with a mean of 421.48 ng/g. The composition of PAHs was characterized by an abundance of low molecular weight PAHs (2–3 benzenoid ring), and Phenanthrene (PHE), Anthracene (AN) and Fluoranthene (FA) were the predominant constituents. PAHs in this area appear to have mainly originated from petroleum sources and the combustion of grass, wood, and coal. PAHs in surface sediments of Zhelin Bay had a 9% incidence of causing adverse biological effects on aquatic organisms, according to the mean effects range–median quotient. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Yu Z.-L.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Yu Z.-L.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Fishery Ecology and Environment | Yu Z.-L.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | Lin Q.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | And 12 more authors.
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2016

Spatial and temporal distributions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated in Eastern Guangdong coast, China. Total PAH concentrations in oysters ranged from 231 to 1178 ng/g with a mean concentration of 622 ng/g dry weight. Compared with other bays and estuaries, PAH levels in oysters were moderate. Spatial distribution of PAHs was site specific, with relatively high PAH concentrations observed in Zhelin Bay and Kaozhouyang Bay. Based on the Spearman test analysis, only PAH concentration in oysters from Jiazi Harbor showed a significant increasing trend (P < 0.05). Three-ring PAHs were the most abundant, accounting for 54.2%–88.4% of total PAHs. Diagnostic ratios suggested that PAHs were derived mainly from petroleum origin. BaP and ∑4PAH concentrations were well within the European Union limits (5 ng/g and 30 ng/g wet weight, respectively). The incremental lifetime cancer risks (ILCR) for PAHs were < 10− 5, indicating that the adverse health risks associated with oyster consumption in this area were minimal. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Huang X.-H.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | Huang X.-H.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Guo G.-X.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Tao Q.-Y.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
Aquacultural Engineering | Year: 2016

The dynamic behavior of a fish cage collar in waves was investigated using a numerical model based on the finite element method. The floating collar and mooring system were divided into a series of line segments modeled by straight massless model segments with a node at each end. To verify the validity of the numerical model, research data from other authors were cited and compared with the simulated results, the comparison of results showed a good agreement. The numerical model was then applied to a dynamic simulation of a floating cage collar in waves to analyze its elastic deformation and mooring line tension. The simulated results indicated that the greatest deformation of the collar taken place in the position of the mooring line connection point when incident waves were in the same direction. An increase in the length of mooring line would help to decrease the mooring line tension of the collar. Furthermore, the effects of collar dimension, including collar circumference, pipe diameter in cross-section, and pipe thickness, on the dynamic behavior of the floating collar were discussed. The results of this study provided a better understanding of the dynamic behavior of the fish cage collar. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Wang C.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Wang C.,Shanghai Ocean University | Wang C.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | Zhao C.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | And 6 more authors.
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2016

Toll-like receptor 5M belongs to Toll-like receptors (TLRs) family, which plays a crucial role in innate immunity due to its important role in the recognition of bacteria invasion and in the activation of immune related pathways downstream. In the present study, we firstly cloned the full-length cDNAs of TLR 5M (LjTLR 5M) from Japanese sea perch (Lateolabrax japonicas). The full-length cDNAs of LjTLR 5M include an open reading frame (ORF) of 2676 bp encoding a polypeptide of 891 amino acid residues. The deduced amino acid sequence analysis showed that LiTLR 5M contains LRRs (extracellular leucine rich repeats), transmembrane and TIR (Toll/interleukin-1 receptor) domain. Transcriptional expression analysis indicated that LiTLR 5M mRNAs were ubiquitously expressed in wide array of tissues and the peak level was observed in the head-kidney. The expression patterns of LjTLR 5M after Vibro harveyi and Streptococus agalactiae infection were detected by qRT-PCR, and the results showed that LjTLR 5M was significant up-regulated in spleen, liver and head-kidney. Additionally, the expression patterns of LjTLR 5M in infected spleen and head-kidney were further validated by in situ hybridization (ISH). In summary, these findings indicate that LjTLR 5M is significant induced after different bacterial infection and is involved in immune response. Furthermore, this study will provide foundational information for other TLRs research of L. japonicas against different bacterial pathogens invasion. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Shi J.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Shi J.,Shanghai Ocean University | Fu M.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Fu M.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | And 8 more authors.
Cell Stress and Chaperones | Year: 2016

Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are a class of highly conserved proteins produced in virtually all living organisms from bacteria to humans. Hsp60 and Hsp10, the most important mitochondrial chaperones, participate in environmental stress responses. In this study, the full-length complementary DNAs (cDNAs) of Hsp60 (PmHsp60) and Hsp10 (PmHsp10) were cloned from Penaeus monodon. Sequence analysis showed that PmHsp60 and PmHsp10 encoded polypeptides of 578 and 102 amino acids, respectively. The expression profiles of PmHsp60 and PmHsp10 were detected in the gills and hepatopancreas of the shrimps under pH challenge, osmotic stress, and heavy metal exposure, and results suggested that PmHsp60 and PmHsp10 were involved in the responses to these stimuli. ATPase and chaperone activity assay indicated that PmHsp60 could slow down protein denaturation and that Hsp60/Hsp10 may be combined to produce a chaperone complex with effective chaperone and ATPase activities. Overall, this study provides useful information to help further understand the functional mechanisms of the environmental stress responses of Hsp60 and Hsp10 in shrimp. © 2015, Cell Stress Society International.


Zhao C.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Zhao C.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | Fu M.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Fu M.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | And 6 more authors.
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2016

Lateolabrax japonicus is one of the main marine aquatic fish species, and is popularly cultured in East Asia due to its highly commercial value. In recent years, because of large-scale and intensive farming and seawater pollution, fish diseases keep breaking out. However, systematic study on L. japonicus immunogenetics is limited due to the deficiency of deep sequencing technologies and genome backgrounds. In this study, the widely analysis at the transcriptome level for L. japonicus that infected with Vibrio anguillarum was performed. In total, 334,388,688 high quality reads were obtained in six libraries (HK-VA, HK-PBS, LI-VA, LI-PBS, SP-VA and SP-PBS) and de novo assembled into 101,860 Unigenes with an average unigene length of 879 bp. Based on sequence similarity 30,142 unigenes (29.59%) were annotated in the public databases. Comparative analysis revealed, 1,202, 3034 and 3519 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in three comparisons (HK-PBS VS HK-VA, LI-PBS VS LI-VA and SP-PBS VS SP-VA). Enrichment and pathway analysis of the DEGs was also carried out to excavate the candidate genes related to immunity. In conclusion, this study identifies and evaluates dozen of potential immune related pathways and candidate genes, which are indispensable for padding genomic resources of L. japonicus, and would lay the foundation for further studying and illuminating the mechanism of host-pathogen interactions. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Zhao C.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Zhao C.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | Fu M.J.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Fu M.J.,Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization | And 2 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2016

Reduced reproductive performance of the black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) has caused economic losses and hampered the fishing industry. Detailed investigation of the molecular mechanism by which the cell cycle is regulated in this organism is needed to understand the development and maturation of ovaries and oocytes, with a view to improving reproductive capacity. Cell cycle progression is mainly determined by cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and cyclin complexes, the cyclin E/CDK2 complex playing a key role in G1/S transition. However, knowledge of the interplay between cyclin E and CDK2 in invertebrates remains limited. In this study, full-length P. monodon cyclin E (Pmcyclin E) and CDK2 (PmCDK2) sequences were cloned. The open reading frame of Pmcyclin E was 1263 bp in length and encoded a 47.9-kDa protein, while that of PmCDK2 was 921 bp, encoding a protein of 34.9 kDa. Recombinant cyclin E and CDK2 proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by Ni-chelating affinity chromatography. In addition, a pull-down assay was performed to identify any interaction between Pmcyclin E and PmCDK2. This research provides a basis for the study of the functional mechanisms of the cyclin E/CDK2 complex in shrimp, further enriching our knowledge of invertebrate cell cycle regulation. © 2016 The Authors.

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