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Wang H.,Peking University | Wang H.,Key Laboratory of Renal Disease | Gou S.-J.,Peking University | Gou S.-J.,University of Sichuan | And 2 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Immunology | Year: 2014

Increasing evidence suggested that Toll-like receptors (TLRs) were critically involved in immune responses of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). The current study aimed to investigate the expression of TLR-2, TLR-4 and TLR-9 in kidneys of patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis. Renal biopsy specimens were collected from 24 patients with AAV. The expression of TLR-2, TLR-4 and TLR-9 in kidneys was detected by immunohistochemistry. Double immunofluorescence staining was performed to detect the expression of TLRs on various kinds of cells. In renal specimens, immunohistochemical examination revealed that expression of TLR-2 and TLR-4 could be detected in the glomeruli of AAV patients, while TLR-2 and TLR-4 were scarcely detected in the glomeruli of normal controls. Double immunofluorescence staining of TLR-2, TLR-4 and CD31 indicated that TLR-4 and TLR-2 were expressed on endothelial cells in the glomeruli. In the tubulointerstitial compartment, expression of TLR-2, TLR-4 and TLR-9 could be detected in both AAV patients and normal controls. The mean optical density of TLR-2 and TLR-4 in the tubulointerstitial compartment in AAV patients were significantly higher than that in normal controls. Among AAV patients, correlation analysis showed that the mean optical density of TLR-4 in the glomeruli correlated inversely with the initial serum creatinine, the proportion of total crescents and the proportion of cellular crescents in renal specimens (r=-0·419, P=0·041; r=-0·506, P=0·012; r=-0·505, P=0·012, respectively). The expression of TLR-2 and TLR-4 was dysregulated in kidneys of AAV patients. The expression of TLR-4 in glomeruli was associated with the severity of renal injury. © 2014 British Society for Immunology. Source

Yu F.,Peking University | Yu F.,Key Laboratory of Renal Disease | Yu F.,Key Laboratory of CKD Prevention and Treatment
Lupus | Year: 2012

Objective: The objective of this article is to assess clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of patients with male lupus nephritis in a cohort of Chinese patients. Methods: Clinical, pathological and outcome data of lupus nephritis patients with different gender were retrospectively analyzed and compared. Results: Among 315 patients with renal biopsy-proven lupus nephritis, 45 were male and 270 were female. The average ages of disease onset of the male and female patients were comparable. The interval between presentation of lupus nephritis and diagnosis was significantly longer in the male group than in female group (p=0.003). Clinical presentation was similar except that males had a significantly lower proportion of alopecia (p=0.005). In laboratory data, male lupus nephritis patients had higher hemoglobin (p=0.023) and higher serum creatinine (p<0.001) than female patients. As for pathological classification and index, no significant difference was found between the two groups. The male patients presented with significantly lower ratios of complete remission and partial remission, and higher ratios of treatment failure and relapse than the female group. Regarding long-term survival and renal outcome, male patients had significantly worse prognosis than females (p=0.005). Conclusions: The male lupus nephritis presented with later diagnosis, worse renal function, lower remission rate and higher relapse rate compared with female patients. The male patients had significantly higher mortality and poorer renal outcome. © 2012 The Author(s). Source

Dong J.,Peking University | Dong J.,Key Laboratory of Renal Disease | Chen Y.,Peking University | Chen Y.,Key Laboratory of Renal Disease
Peritoneal Dialysis International | Year: 2010

Objective: We studied whether improper bag exchange predicts the first peritonitis episode in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Patients and Methods: Our single-center prospective observational study of 130 incident urban CAPD patients who started peritoneal dialysis (PD) between March 2005 and August 2008 aimed to determine the relationship between bag exchange procedures examined at the 6th month of PD and risk for a first peritonitis episode. All patients were followed until a first peritonitis episode, censoring, or the end of the study. Results: These 130 patients experienced 22 first peritonitis episodes during the 14-month follow-up. During bag exchange evaluation, 51.5% of patients washed their hands improperly, 46.2% failed to check expiration date or bag leakage, and 11.5% forgot to wear a face mask and cap. Patients experiencing peritonitis were more likely to forget to wear a face mask and cap. In multivariate Cox regression model, not wearing a face mask and cap [hazard ratio (HR): 7.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.6 to 20.1; p < 0.001] and having anemia (HR: 0.96; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.99; p = 0.005) were independent risk factors for a first episode of peritonitis. Conclusions: Not wearing a face mask and cap and having anemia were independent risk factors for peritonitis. A further randomized control study needs to verify the correlation between improper bag exchange technique and peritonitis in PD patients. © 2010 International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis. Source

Shi S.-F.,Peking University | Wang S.-X.,Peking University | Jiang L.,Peking University | Ji-Cheng L.,Peking University | And 7 more authors.
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology | Year: 2011

Background and objectives: The Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) may aid in predicting prognosis and providing therapeutic strategy but must be validated in different ancestry. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: A total of 410 patients with IgAN, enrolled from one of the largest renal centers in China, were evaluated for the predictive value of the Oxford classification to prognosis defined as end stage renal disease. A total of 294 of these patients were prospectively treated with renin-angiotensin system blockade and immunosuppressants sequentially and were evaluated separately to assess the predictive value to therapeutic efficacy (defined as time-averaged proteinuria <1 g/d). Three pathologists reviewed specimens independently according to the Oxford classification and were blinded to clinical data. Results: Segmental glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were independent predictive factors of end stage renal disease. Patients who had >25% of glomeruli with endocapillary hypercellularity showed higher proteinuria, lower estimated GFR, and higher mean BP than patients with less endocapillary hypercellularity. Immunosuppressive therapy showed a protective effect to prognosis of endocapillary hypercellularity in patients with endoncapillary hypercellularity could benefit from immunosuppressive therapy. Mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were independent factors of inefficiency of renin-angiotensin system blockade alone. Crescents were not significant in predicting prognosis or in therapeutic efficacy. Conclusions: The Oxford classification may aid in predicting prognosis and providing a therapeutic strategy in Chinese patients with IgAN. © 2011 by the American Society of Nephrology. Source

Meng Y.,Peking University | Meng Y.,Key Laboratory of Renal Disease | Zhang H.,Guangdong Pharmaceutical University | Li Y.,Guangdong Pharmaceutical University | And 3 more authors.
Bone | Year: 2013

Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is the most widely used anticoagulant in hemodialysis for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Many studies have verified that UFH can induce bone loss in subjects with normal bone, but few have focused on its effect on renal osteodystrophy. We therefore investigated this issue in adenine-induced CKD rats. As CKD also impairs mineral metabolism systemically, we also studied the impacts of UFH on serum markers of CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) and vascular calcification. We administered low and high doses of UFH (1. U/g and 2. U/g body weight, respectively) to CKD rats and compared them with CKD controls. At sacrifice, the serum markers of CKD-MBD did not significantly differ among the two UFH CKD groups and the CKD control group. The mean bone mineral densities (BMDs) of the total femur and a region of interest (ROI) constituted of trabecular and cortical bone were lower in the high-dose UFH (H-UFH) CKD group than in the CKD control group (. P<. 0.05 and P<. 0.01, respectively). The BMD of the femoral ROI constituted of cortical bone did not differ between the H-UFH CKD group and the CKD control group. Histomorphometrical changes in the CKD rats indicated secondary hyperparathyroidism, and the femoral trabecular bone volume, but not cortical bone volume, significantly decreased with increasing UFH dose. The same decreasing trend was found in osteoblast parameters, and an increasing trend was found in osteoclast parameters; however, most differences were not significant. Moreover, no distinct statistical differences were found in the comparison of vascular calcium or phosphorus content among the CKD control group and the two UFH CKD groups. Therefore, we concluded that UFH could induce bone loss in CKD rats with secondary hyperparathyroidism, mainly by reducing the trabecular volume and had little effect on cortical bone volume. The underlying mechanism might involve inhibition of osteoblast activity and promotion of osteoclast activity by UFH. We did not find any effect of UFH on vascular calcification in CKD rats with secondary hyperparathyroidism. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

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