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He J.,Harbin Medical University | He J.,CAS Institute of Biophysics | Ji Y.,Harbin Medical University | Zhang Q.,Heilongjiang Key Laboratory of Immunity and Infection | And 15 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 16 infection is considered as one of the significant causes of human cervical cancer. The expression of the viral oncogenes like E6 and E7 play an important role in the development of the cancer. MiR-122 has been reported to exhibit a strong relationship with hepatitis viruses and take part in several tumor development, while the effects of miR-122 on HPV infection and the HPV viral oncogenes expression still remain unexplored. In this study, using RNAhybrid software, the potential binding sites between miR-122 and HPV16 E6 and E7 mRNAs were identified. Over and loss of miR- 122 function showed that miR-122 could directly bind with HPV16 E6 mRNA and significantly inhibit its expression in SiHa cells, which was further confirmed by constructing the miR-122-E6-mu to eliminate the miR-122 binding effects with E6. The increase of the expression of type I interferon (IFN) and its classical effective molecules and the phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT1) protein indicated that miR-122 might enhance type I interferon in cervical carcinoma cells, which explained the significant reduction of HPV16 E7 and E6∗I mRNA expression. This might be due to the binding between miR-122 and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) mRNA, which is the suppressor of interferon signaling pathway. Moreover, it was identified that the miR-122 binding position was nt359-nt375 in SOCS1 mRNA. Taken together, this study indicated that HPV16 could be effectively inhibited by miR-122 through both direct binding with E6 mRNA and promoting SOCS1-dependent IFN signaling pathway. Thus, miR-122 may serve as a new therapeutic option for inhibiting HPV infection. © 2014 He et al. Source

Song W.,Heilongjiang Key Laboratory of Immunity and Infection | Song W.,Harbin Medical University | Kao W.,Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Biology | Kao W.,Harbin Medical University | And 10 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2013

The expression of type I interferon (IFN) is one of the most potent innate defences against viral infection in higher vertebrates. Borna disease virus (BDV) establishes persistent, noncytolytic infections in animals and in cultured cells. Early studies have shown that the BDV phosphoprotein can inhibit the activation of type I IFN through the TBK1-IRF3 pathway. The function of the BDV nucleoprotein in the inhibition of IFN activity is not yet clear. In this study, we demonstrated IRF7 activation and increased IFN-α/β expression in a BDV-persistently infected human oligodendroglia cell line following RNA interference-mediated BDV nucleoprotein silencing. Furthermore, we showed that BDV nucleoprotein prevented the nuclear localisation of IRF7 and inhibited endogenous IFN induction by poly(I:C), coxsackie virus B3 and IFN-β. Our findings provide evidence for a previously undescribed mechanism by which the BDV nucleoprotein inhibits type I IFN expression by interfering with the IRF7 pathway. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Cai S.H.,Guangdong Ocean University | Cai S.H.,Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Biology | Lu Y.S.,Guangdong Ocean University | Lu Y.S.,Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Biology | And 8 more authors.
Letters in Applied Microbiology | Year: 2010

Aims: The purpose of this study was to develop a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the rapid, sensitive and simple detection of Vibrio alginolyticus in mariculture fish. Methods and Results: LAMP primers were designed by targeting the gyrB gene. With Bst DNA polymerase, the target DNA can be clearly amplified for 60 min at 64°C in a simple water bath. The detection sensitivity of the LAMP assay for the detection of V. alginolyticus is about 3·7 × 102 CFU ml-1 (3·7 CFU per reaction). LAMP products could be judged with agar gel or naked eye after the addition of SYBR Green I. There were no cross-reactions with other bacterial strains indicating a high specificity of the LAMP. The LAMP method was applied to detect V. alginolyticus-infected fish tissues effectively. Conclusions: The LAMP established in this study is a simple, sensitive, specific, inexpensive and rapid protocol for the detection of V. alginolyticus. Significance and Impact of the Study: This LAMP method provides an important diagnostic tool for the detection of V. alginolyticus infection both in the laboratory and field. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 The Society for Applied Microbiology. Source

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