Key Laboratory of Pathobiology

Changchun, China

Key Laboratory of Pathobiology

Changchun, China
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Wang Y.,Key Laboratory of Pathobiology | Yang M.,Jilin University | Bao Y.,Northeast Normal University | Li Y.,Northeast Normal University
Proceedings 2011 International Conference on Human Health and Biomedical Engineering, HHBE 2011 | Year: 2011

To examine the expression status of TSP50 in different types of human tumors. we tested the expression of TSP50 in Lung cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, colon cancer and prostate cancer by performing IHC assays technique. the expression of TSP50 in Lung cancer indicated that the positive rate was about 89%; the expression of TSP50 in stomach cancer the positive rate was about 88%; the expression of TSP50 in colon cancer the positive rate was about 94%; the expression of TSP50 in prostate cancer the positive rate was about 71% TSP50 is a cancer/testis antigen which expressed in different types of human tumors. © 2011 IEEE.

Ma C.,Jilin University | Li Y.,Jilin University | Li Z.,Jilin Medical College | Li Z.,Academy of Military Medical science | And 8 more authors.
Protein Expression and Purification | Year: 2012

Aberrant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is a common feature of multiple tumor types, including glioblastoma (GBM). As such, EGFR has emerged as an attractive target for antitumor therapy. In the present study, we sought to develop an immunotoxin capable of specifically targeting EGFR-expressing cells and mediating inhibition of cell growth and cell killing. The Luffin P1 (LP1) ribosome inactivating protein was chosen to generate a fusion protein, antiEGFR/LP1, based upon its potent protein synthesis inhibition and small size (5 kDa). LP1 was fused to the C-terminus of an anti-EGFR single-chain antibody (scFv). The recombinant antiEGFR/LP1 protein was expressed in Escherichia coli, and refolded and purified on an immobilized Ni 2+-affinity chromatography column. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blotting analysis revealed that antiEGFR/LP1 was sufficiently expressed. Confocal microscopy and flow cytometry demonstrated that antiEGFR/LP1 bound specifically to EGFR-positive cells (U251), as almost no binding to EGFR-negative (Jurkat cells) was observed under identical time and dosage conditions. Finally, the MTT cell viability assay showed that antiEGFR/LP1 elicited obvious cytotoxicity toward EGFR-positive tumor cells. Collectively, these results suggest that antiEGFR/LP1 is biologically active and specific toward EGFR-positive tumor cells and may represent an effective EGFR-targeted cancer therapy. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Liu L.,Jilin University | Liu L.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | Liu L.,China Three Gorges University | Wu W.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | And 10 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2012

The efficacy and specificity of treatment are the major challenges for cancer gene therapy. Oncolytic virotherapy is an attractive drug delivery platform of cancer gene therapy. Previous studies have determined that apoptin is a p53-independent, Bcl-2-insensitive apoptotic protein that has the ability to induce apoptosis specifically in tumor cells. In this study, we show that the administration of a dual cancer-specific oncolytic adenovirus construct, Ad-hTERT-E1a-apoptin [in which the adenovirus early region 1a (E1a) gene is driven by the cancer-specific promoter of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and that expresses apoptin simultaneously], suppresses tumor growth in gastric carcinoma cells in vitro and reduces the tumor burden in vivo in xenografted nude mice. The observation that infection with the Ad-hTERT-E1a-apoptin construct significantly inhibited the growth of gastric cancer cells and protected normal human gastric epithelium from growth inhibition confirmed the induction of cancer cell-selective adenovirus replication, growth inhibition and apoptosis by this therapeutic approach. In vivo assays were performed using BALB/c nude mice that had established primary tumors. Subcutaneous primary tumor volume was reduced not only in the intratumoral injection group but also in the systemic delivery mice following treatment with Ad-hTERT-E1a-apoptin. Furthermore, treatment of primary models with Ad-hTERT-E1a-apoptin increased the mouse survival time. These data reinforce previous research and highlight the potential therapeutic application of Ad-hTERT-E1a-apoptin for the treatment of neoplastic diseases in clinical trials.

Wang B.,Jilin University | Xunsun,Jilin University | Liu J.-Y.,Key Laboratory of Pathobiology | Yang D.,Jilin University | And 3 more authors.
Hepato-Gastroenterology | Year: 2012

Background/Aims: Abnormalities in cell cycle regulation are reported to be strongly associated with tumorigenesis and progression of tumors. Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and cell cycle play key roles during the genesis and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Current studies indicated that expressions of cyclin A, E and D1 were affected after silencing of β-catenin gene in HCC, but it is unclear if other cyclins are affected. Methodology: To determine the relation, small interference RNA (siRNA) against β-catenin was transfected into HCC cell lines HepG2 and SMMC-7721, and cell cycle and cyclin B1 and cyclin C protein expression were detected. Results: Cell cycle was arrested in G0/G1 at 72h after transfection and the cell cycle began to transfer from G 0/G1 to G2/M through S and had a trend to revert at 96h. In addition, β-catenin protein expression was decreased at both 72 and 96h, although the level was slightly higher at 96h than that at 72h. However, cyclin B1 expression decreased at 72h and increased at 96h, cyclin C expression increased at 72h and decreased at 96h. Conclusions: These findings suggest that silencing β-catenin gene may induce the changes of cell cycle and cyclin B1 and cyclin C protein expression. Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway probably takes part in the genesis and development of HCC through regulating cell cycle and the expression of cyclin B1 and cyclin C. © H.G.E. Update Medical Publishing S.A.

Zhang M.,Jilin University | Zhang M.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | Wang J.,Jilin University | Wang J.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | And 15 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2013

Apoptin is a chicken anemia virus-derived, p53-independent, bcl-2-insensitive apoptotic protein with the ability to specifically induce apoptosis in various human tumor cells, but not in normal cells. To explore the use of apoptin in tumor gene therapy, we assessed a recombinant adenovirus expressing the apoptin protein (Ad-hTERTp-E1a-Apoptin) in order to determine its lethal and growth-inhibitory effects on PC-3 and RM-1 cells in vitro and its antitumor effect on solid tumors in vivo. 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), acridine orange (AO)/ethidium bromide (EB), 4'-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI), and Annexin V assays showed that Ad-hTERTp-E1a-Apoptin inhibited the proliferation of PC-3 and RM-1 cells in vitro by inducing apoptosis of prostate cancer cells, and that this inhibitory effect was dose and time-dependent. In the animal models, Ad-hTERTp-E1a- Apoptin significantly inhibited tumor growth and extended the lifespan of animals. Experimental results indicate that Ad-hTERTp-E1a-Apoptin has a potential application in tumor gene therapy.

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