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Guo W.,Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery | Li G.-J.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Xu H.-B.,Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery | Xie J.-S.,Chinese National Human Genome Center | And 4 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2012

Background: Novel prognostic biomarkers or therapeutic molecular targets for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) are an urgent priority. We here sought to identify multiple novel LSCC-associated genes. Methods: Using high-density microarray expression profiling, we identified multiple genes that were significantly altered between human LSCCs and paired normal tissues. Potential oncogenic functions of one such gene, DCUN1D5, were further characterized in vitro. Results: Our results demonstrated that DCUN1D5 was highly expressed in LSCCs. Overexpression of DCUN1D5 in vitro resulted in 2.7-fold increased cellular migration, 67.5% increased invasive capacity, and 2.6-fold increased proliferation. Endogenous DCUN1D5 expression was decreased in a time-dependent manner after genotoxic stress, and silencing of DCUN1D5 by siRNA decreased the number of cells in the S phase by 10.2% and increased apoptosis by 11.7%. Conclusion: Our data suggest that DCUN1D5 in vitro might have vital roles in DNA damage response, but further studies are warranted to assess its significance in vivo.

Liu C.-Y.,Capital Medical University | Yuan Z.,Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery | Yuan Z.,Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology | Han D.-M.,Capital Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2010

Background Objective evaluation of allergic rhinitis (AR) requires in vivo and in vitro tests. In vitro tests are important to assist or ensure the main allergens in multi-allergen-sensitive patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of serum specific IgE (sIgE) in the diagnosis of AR patients with multi-allergens in the Chinese population. Methods Combining a positive skin prick test (SPT) and clinical history as the diagnostic reference criteria of AR, we estimated concentrations of sIgE produced in response to the 7 most frequent allergens among 85 AR patients, using the UniCAP assay system. Results Among 85 individuals with positive SPT results and allergen-specific nasal symptoms, sIgE concentration correlated well with SPT classes among all the tested allergens. Based on a clinical diagnosis and SPT results using a positive cut-off value of a class 1 score, the CAP test performed well and the sensitivity for different allergens ranged from 0.5 (giant ragweed) to 0.91 (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) and Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f), while specificity ranged from 0.93 (Der f) to 1.0 (animal hair, Der p and mugwort). When the cut-off score was adjusted to class 2, the sensitivity showed an increase overall while the remaining assessed items, including specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and efficiency, showed an unacceptable decline. Conclusions Well-established serum sIgE tests correlated well with SPTs. Setting a class 1 cut-off for positivity of SPT results was better than a class 2 setting for assessing the AR diagnostic value.

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