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Jia J.,Zhejiang Academy of Medical science | Guo X.-M.,Henan University of Science and Technology | Gao L.-B.,University of Sichuan | Gao L.-B.,Key Laboratory of Obstetric and Gynecologic and Pediatric Diseases
Clinical Biochemistry | Year: 2012

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of interleukin-13 (IL-13) polymorphisms on the risk of asthma using a meta-analysis. Design and methods: Fifteen publications were identified by searching Pubmed, Embase, ISI, OVID, and EBSCO databases. Odds ratios with corresponding 95% confidence intervals were computed to estimate the association between IL-13 polymorphisms and risk of asthma. Results: The polymorphisms of R130Q (rs20541) and -1112C/T (rs1800925) in IL-13 gene were associated with significantly increased risks of asthma in overall analyses. Subgroup analyses showed that the elevated risks occurred in adult-onset asthma, Caucasians, and high quality studies. Conclusions: This meta-analysis provides evidence that the R130Q and -1112C/T polymorphisms in IL-13 are risk factors for asthma. © 2011 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Source


Deng K.,University of Sichuan | Liu Z.,University of Sichuan | Lin Y.,Fujian Maternal and Child Healthcare Hospital | Mu D.,University of Sichuan | And 9 more authors.
Birth Defects Research Part A - Clinical and Molecular Teratology | Year: 2013

Maternal smoking during pregnancy has been consistently associated with an increased risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs). However, few studies have reported the association between paternal smoking during pregnancy and CHDs among offspring. This report presents the first case-control study to investigate the possible association between periconceptional paternal smoking and CHDs in China. Methods: From February 2010 through October 2011, 284 case fetuses with nonsyndromic CHDs and 422 control fetuses with no birth defects were recruited. The mothers of cases and controls were interviewed regarding whether the fathers of fetuses smoked and avoided the mothers while smoking during the periconceptional period. An unconditional logistic regression was used to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) while controlling for potential confounders. RESULTS: Light paternal smoking increased the risk of isolated conotruncal heart defects (AOR, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.05, 4.73). Medium paternal smoking seemed to be associated with septal defects (AOR, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.05, 3.98) and left ventricular outflow tract obstructions (AOR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.04, 5.95). Heavy paternal smoking was also associated with isolated conotruncal heart defects (AOR, 8.16; 95% CI, 1.13, 58.84) and left ventricular outflow tract obstructions (AOR, 13.12; 95% CI, 2.55, 67.39). Paternal smoking with no avoidance behavior was associated with an increased risk of these CHDs subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: Periconceptional paternal smoking increased the risk of isolated conotruncal heart defects, septal defects and left ventricular outflow tract obstructions. The avoidance behavior of paternal smokers may decrease the risk of selected CHDs. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Peng J.,University of Sichuan | Peng J.,Key Laboratory of Obstetric and Gynecologic and Pediatric Diseases | Hu Q.,University of Sichuan | Hu Q.,Key Laboratory of Obstetric and Gynecologic and Pediatric Diseases | And 15 more authors.
Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2013

Background: Ubiquitination is a reversible process of posttranslational protein modification through the action of the family of deubiquitylating enzymes which contain ubiquitin-specific protease 9x (USP9X). Recent evidence indicates that USP9X is involved in the progression of various human cancers. The aim was to detect the expression of USP9X in the progression from normal epithelium to invasive esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) and evaluate the relevance of USP9X expression to the tumor progression and prognosis. Methods: In this study, USP9X immunohistochemical analysis was performed on tissues constructed from ESCC combined with either normal epithelium or adjacent precursor tissues of 102 patients. All analyses were performed by SPSS 13.0 software. Results: We observed that the level of high USP9X expression increased gradually in the transformation from normal epithelium (4.0%), to low grade intraepithelial neoplasia (10.5%), then to high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (28.6%), and finally to invasive ESCC (40.2%). The expression of USP9X was found to be significantly different between the normal mucosa and ESCC (P < 0.001), and between low grade intraepithelial neoplasia and high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (p = 0.012). However, no difference was observed between the high expression of USP9X in normal mucosa and low grade intraepithelial neoplasia (P = 0.369), nor between high grade intraepithelial neoplasia and ESCC (p = 0.115). Interestingly, the most intensive staining for USP9X was usually observed in the basal and lower spinous layers of the esophageal epithelium with precursor lesions which often resulted in the earliest malignant lesion. USP9X expression status was positively associated with both depth of invasion (p = 0.046) and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.032). Increased USP9X expression was significantly correlated to poorer survival rate in ESCC patients (p = 0.001). When adjusted by multivariate analysis, USP9X expression (HR 2.066, P = 0.005), together with TNM stage (HR 1.702, P = 0.042) was an independent predictor for overall survival.Conclusions: Up-regulation of USP9X plays an important role in formation and progression of precancerous lesions in ESCC and USP9X expression levels were significantly correlated with the survival of ESCC patients. Thus, USP9X could be considered as a potential biomarker and prognostic predictor for ESCC.Virtual slides: The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1945302932102737. © 2013 Peng et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Tong Y.,West Health Institute | Tong Y.,University of Sichuan | Tong Y.,Key Laboratory of Obstetric and Gynecologic and Pediatric Diseases | Zhou J.,University of Sichuan | And 6 more authors.
Protein Expression and Purification | Year: 2012

Thrombus formation is a crucial factor in the precipitation of unstable angina or myocardial infarction. Recently, several anticoagulant serine protease inhibitors have been identified from adult Ancylostoma caninum hookworms. One of them, A. caninum anticoagulant peptide c2 (AcAPc2), can inhibit the activity of factor VIIa/tissue factor complex to exert its antithrombotic effect. However, it is difficult to adopt traditional expression and purification systems to yield high-purity recombinant AcAPc2 (rAcAPc2). Here, we employed a simple method to produce high-yield and high-purity rAcAPc2. We obtained the full-length double-stranded cDNA encoding AcAPc2 by overlapping PCR and cloned it into an intein-based expression vector. The AcAPc2 cDNA was expressed in Escherichia coli and comprised 30% of the total bacterial proteins. The expressed rAcAPc2 was purified by cleaving the fused chitin-binding domain at pH 7.2. Finally, we produced a high yield of rAcAPc2 at a purity of greater than 98%. Importantly, the generated rAcAPc2 prolonged the prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) of human plasma in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. Therefore, this method to generate the high-purity and bioactive rAcAPc2 may contribute to the scientific research on its biological function and the treatment of thrombotic diseases. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Xie X.,University of Sichuan | Xie X.,Key Laboratory of Obstetric and Gynecologic and Pediatric Diseases | Long L.,University of Sichuan | Wang H.,University of Sichuan | And 5 more authors.
Medical Hypotheses | Year: 2015

Due to subtle symptoms and the absence of effective early screening methods, most of epithelial ovarian cancer patients are diagnosed in the late stage, when current treatment strategies are not so satisfactory. To date, ovarian cancer is still the leading cause of gynecological malignancy deaths in women. The formation of massive ascites is one of the important characteristics of epithelial ovarian carcinoma in the late stage. Cancer cells, existing in ascites in the form of spheroids, play an important role in metastasis and recurrence of the malignancy. Alpha5/beta1 integrin has been found to participate in the formation of epithelial ovarian cancer multicellular spheroids in vitro. But if we want to choose alpha5- and beta1-integrin subunits as treatment targets, we must specifically block the two subunits in cancer cells, because these two subunits are very important for the physiological activities in normal cells. Based on the knowledge mentioned above, we present hypotheses that we can inhibit specifically the expression of alpha5/beta1 integrin in cancer cells with the help of complementary replication defective adenovirus. As a result, the formation of cancer cells spheroids in ascites might be interfered with and the treatment effects and prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer might be improved. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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