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Gui S.,University of Sichuan | Ni S.,University of Sichuan | Jia J.,University of Sichuan | Gong Y.,University of Sichuan | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

As a member of the chemokine family, CXCL3 was previously known to participate in many pathophysiological events. However, whether CXCL3 stimulates trophoblast invasion as a key process of preeclampsia pathogenesis remains largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate this hypothesis and determine the effect of CXCL3 on the first trimester trophoblast. Seventy gravidas were included in this study. ELISA was used to detect CXCL3 plasma levels on preeclampsia and normal pregnant groups. CXCL3 protein and mRNA levels were detected viaWestern blot and real-time quantitative PCR analysis after immunolocalized in human placenta. Moreover, the CXCL3 function in HTR-8/Svneo was analyzed via WST-1 assay, flow cytometry and invasion test. The plasma CXCL3 level in preeclampsia was significantly higher than that in normal pregnancy. CXCL3 expression was observed in the cytoplasm of placental trophoblasts and vascular endothelium in all groups without significant difference between maternal and fetal sides. In addition, placenta CXCL3 expression in severe preeclampsia was significantly lower than those in normal and mild PE groups. Moreover, exogenous CXCL3 can promote the proliferation and invasion of HTR-8/Svneo; however, its effect on apoptosis remains unclear. In summary, a significant abnormality of plasma CXCL3 level and placental CXCL3 expression was discovered in severe preeclampsia; CXCL3 had a function in trophoblast invasion, which indicated its participation in shallow implantation. Therefore CXCL3 might be involved in severe preeclampsia pathogenesis. © 2014 Gui et al. Source

Liu H.,University of Sichuan | Liu H.,Key Laboratory Of Obstetric And Gynecologic And Pediat Dis And Birth Defects Of Ministry Of Education | Wang X.,Zunyi Medical College | Lu D.,University of Sichuan | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Ovarian Research | Year: 2013

Objective. The true incidence of ovarian tumors in children is unknown. Few studies beyond case reports and case series have been published concerning pediatric ovarian tumors. Herein we review a large number of ovarian tumor cases. Methods. The charts of 203 patients who presented with adnexal masses were reviewed. Results: The patient's ranged in age from 2 to 18 years (mean = 15.6 years), with 30 being premenarchal (14.8%). The incidence of ovarian tumor increases with age, especially in patients older than 14 years. The main complaint was abdominal pain or abdominal distension in 117 patients (57.7%). A high AFP level in a pre-pubic girl with an adnexal mass is indicative of a malignant ovarian tumor. The 214 adnexal masses (11 patients had bilateral cysts) consisted of benign tumorous oophoropathy (107 masses, 50.0%), borderline and malignant tumors (29 masses, 13.6%), and nontumorous oophoropathy (78 masses, 36.5%). Of the 136 neoplasia, germ cell tumors accounted for 71.5%. Surgical intervention was performed in 98.5% of cases. There were statistically decreased blood loss, surgery duration and days of hospitalization with the laparoscopic procedure when compared with open surgery. Conclusions: Abdominal pain is the most common complaint in young patients with adnexal masses. AFP is the most useful diagnostic biomarker of ovarian tumors in young females. Laparoscopic resection of ovarian cysts is an alternative operation approach. © 2013 Liu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Yang F.,Key Laboratory Of Obstetric And Gynecologic And Pediat Dis And Birth Defects Of Ministry Of Education | Yang F.,University of Sichuan | Gou M.,Key Laboratory Of Obstetric And Gynecologic And Pediat Dis And Birth Defects Of Ministry Of Education | Gou M.,University of Sichuan | And 10 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2012

Currently, great interest is focused on the antineoplastic effects of CXC chemokine ligand 10 (IP-10/CXCL10). IP-10 has shown significant antitumor and anti-metastatic properties via immunological, antiangiogenic and anti-neoplastic mechanisms. However, very few studies on the antitumor activity of IP-10 in human ovarian cancer have been reported. The use of polymeric nanoparticles to deliver functional genes intraperitoneally holds much promise as an effective therapy for ovarian cancer. In our study, a recombinant plasmid expressing IP-10 (pVITRO-IP-10) was constructed, and biodegradable cationic heparin- polyethyleneimine (HPEI) nanogels were prepared to deliver pVITRO-IP-10 into SKOV3 human ovarian cancer cells. Transfection efficiency was detected by expression profiling of green fluorescent protein. The expression of IP-10 was determined using RT-PCR and western blot analysis. In vitro, cell proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay. Apoptosis was examined by Hoechst33258/PI staining and flow cytometry assays. The effect on the inhibition of angiogenesis was evaluated by tube formation assay using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Moreover, a SKOV3 intraperitoneal ovarian carcinomatosis model was established to investigate the antitumor activity of HPEI+pVITRO-IP-10 complexes in nude mice. Tumor weights were evaluated during the treatment course. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated by Ki-67 immunochemical staining and TUNEL assay, and the antiangiogenic effect of pVITRO-IP-10 was assessed by CD31 immunochemical staining and alginate-encapsulated tumor cell assay. pVITRO-IP-10 was efficiently transfected into SKOV3 cells by HPEI nanogels. Intraperitoneal administration of HPEI+pVITRO-IP-10 complexes led to effective growth inhibition of ovarian cancer, in which tumor weight decreased by ∼69.92% in the treatment group compared with that in the empty vector control group. Meanwhile, decreased cell proliferation, increased tumor cell apoptosis and reduction in angiogenesis were observed in the HPEI+pVITRO-IP-10 group compared with those in the control groups. These results indicated that HPEI nanogel delivery of pVITRO-IP-10 may be of value in the treatment against human ovarian cancer. Source

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