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Yang G.,Kunming University of Science and Technology | Yang G.,Key Laboratory of Nonferrous Metals Vacuum Metallurgy in Yunnan Province | Yang G.,State Key Laboratory Breed Base Of Complex Nonfer Metal Resources Clear Utilization | Su Z.,Kunming University of Science and Technology | And 17 more authors.
Electrochimica Acta | Year: 2013

Li4Ti5O12/C (LTO/C) is synthesized by solid-state reaction with citric acid added as the conductive carbon source, and the residual carbon is only 0.47 wt%. For comparison, bare LTO is prepared under similar conditions. The electrodes for both samples are prepared without commercial carbon black added. It shows that the LTO/C composite electrodes perform much better than that of LTO. Combined with XRD, XPS, SEM and TEM analysis, it is suggested that the particle size effect could be dismissed, and the main factors influencing the performances should be attributed to the Ti (III) existence and/or the in situ generated residual carbon, both of which are introduced by citric acid. The two main factors influencing the character can not be separated here, but they both improve the conductivity. So, it indicates that with proper strategies to enhance the electronic conductivity of the material, the electrode of spinel lithium titanium oxide with no carbon black added will exhibit better electrochemical behavior, though the metallic Li 7Ti5O12 exists. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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