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Li Z.,Sungkyunkwan University | Jeong H.J.,Sungkyunkwan University | Sivaranjani K.,Sungkyunkwan University | Song B.J.,Sungkyunkwan University | And 6 more authors.
Nano | Year: 2015

Highly ordered mesoporous tungsten trioxide (WO3) with high surface area (75 m2/g) and well-defined mesopores were successfully prepared through a hard templating method using a mesoporous silica KIT-6 as a template and (NH4)6H2W12O40 xH2O as a tungsten precursor. Oxidative desulfurization of a model oil with H2O2 as the oxidant was carried out at 50°C under atmospheric pressure in order to analyze the catalytic activity. The desulfurization reactions were optimized by various kinds of reaction parameters such as H2O2/S molar ratio, reaction temperatures and series of sulfur-containing compounds [dibenzothiophene (DBT), benzothiophene (BT) and 4,6-dimethyl dibenzothiophene (4,6-DMBT)]. Excellent catalytic activity for the removal of the sulfur-containing compounds from the model oil was observed with mesoporous WO3 catalyst, where the activity was maintained during 5 recycle tests without any regeneration process. The high catalytic activity and durability is mainly attributed to well-defined mesopores and high surface area of mesoporous WO3 catalyst. © 2015 World Scientific Publishing Company.

Cui M.,Key Laboratory of Natural Resource of the Changbai Mountain and Functional Molecular | Qiu J.,Key Laboratory of Natural Resource of the Changbai Mountain and Functional Molecular | Li Z.,Sungkyunkwan University | He M.,Key Laboratory of Natural Resource of the Changbai Mountain and Functional Molecular | And 4 more authors.
Talanta | Year: 2015

In this study, a stainless steel wire/ionic liquid-solid phase microextraction technique was developed for the direct extraction of APs from water samples. Some parameters were optimised, such as selection of the substrate and ILs, extraction time, extraction temperature, stirring rate and sample pH, etc. The experimental data demonstrated that the etched stainless steel wire was a suitable substrate for IL-coated SPME. The coating was prepared by directly depositing the ILs onto the surface of the etched stainless steel wire, which exhibited a porous structure and a high surface area. The [C8MIM][PF6] IL exhibited maximum efficiency with an extraction time of 30 min, and the aqueous sample was maintained at 40 °C and adjusted to pH 2 under stirring conditions. The enrichment factor of the IL coating for the four APs ranged from 1382 to 4779, the detection limits (LOD, S/N=3) of the four APs ranged from 0.01 to 0.04 ng mL-1 and the RSD values for purified water spiked with APs ranged from 4.0 to 11.8% (n=3). The calibration graphs were linear in the concentration range from 0.5 to 200 ng mL-1 (R2>0.9569). The optimised method was successfully applied for the analysis of real water samples, and the method was suitable for the extraction of APs from water samples. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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