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Xie S.-Q.,Henan University | Xie S.-Q.,Key Laboratory of Natural Medicine and Immuno Engineering | Li Q.,Key Laboratory of Natural Medicine and Immuno Engineering | Ma H.-X.,Key Laboratory of Natural Medicine and Immuno Engineering | And 4 more authors.
Yaoxue Xuebao | Year: 2010

In the present study, the apoptotic mechanism and polyamine transporter recognition of WJH-6, a novel polyamine conjugate, were investigated in K562 and HL-60 cells. The cytotoxicity of WJH-6 was assessed by MTT assay; cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry; the protein expression of Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Caspase-9, Bid and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were evaluated by high content screening (HCS) analysis; the protein expression of cytochrome c was measured by Western blotting. The results showed that WJH-6 could be recognized and transported by polyamine transporter (PAT). Furthermore, WJH-6 was able to inhibit K562 and HL-60 cells proliferation and induce apoptosis. This apoptotic effect was relative to MMP loss, cytochrome c release from mitochondria to cytoplasm and the activation of Caspase-8, Caspase-9, Caspase-3 and Bid. These results suggested that WJH-6-induced K562 and HL-60 cells apoptosis was related with mitochondrial damage.


Xie S.-Q.,Henan University | Xie S.-Q.,Key Laboratory of Natural Medicine and Immuno Engineering | Zhang L.-L.,Henan University | Yang T.,Henan University | And 8 more authors.
Yaoxue Xuebao | Year: 2011

The objective of this study is to examine the effects of ANISpm, a novel polyamine naphthalimide conjugate, with acetylsalicylic acid against hepatocellular carcinoma in vivo and in vitro and elucidate its potential molecular mechanism. The proliferation inhibition was detected by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis, intracellular fluorescence intensity and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were detected by high content screening (HCS) analysis. Polyamines content was analyzed by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Protein expression levels were quantified by Western blotting assay. The combination treatment strongly inhibited cell proliferation, induced cell apoptosis in HepG2 cells and H22 hepatoma cells, which was mediated by enhanced ANISpm uptake via up-regulation of spermidine/spermine N 1-acetyltransferase (SSAT) and depression of intracellular polyamine. Furthermore, this synergistic apoptosis was involved in mitochondria and death-receptor signal pathway. All these findings demonstrated that the combination treatment with acetylsalicylic acid and ANISpm resulted in synergistic antitumor effects on hepatoma cells. Thus, combination therapy with these agents may be useful as a potential template for the development of better chemotherapeutic strategy against hepatoma.


PubMed | Henan University, Key Laboratory of Natural Medicine and Immuno Engineering and Shenyang Pharmaceutical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) | Year: 2016

Three types of conjugates in which aromatic imide scaffolds were coupled to diverse amine/polyamine motifs were synthesized, and their antitumor activities were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Results showed that the conjugate

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