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Shan C.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology | Zhang S.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology | Cui W.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology | You X.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology | And 5 more authors.

Emerging evidence has shown that hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBx) plays a crucial role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. Complement regulatory proteins including CD46, CD55 and CD59 contribute to escape of tumor cells from complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). However, little is known about the potential role of HBx in anti-CDC activity during hepatocarcinogenesis. In the present study, we for the first time report that HBx decreases the sensitivity of hepatoma and hepatic cells to CDC. Coincidentally, we demonstrated that HBx increased the promoter activity of CD59, as well as their messenger RNA and protein levels. Moreover, flow cytometry showed the increased expression level of CD59 protein on the surface of HBx-positive cells. Of interest, we found that HBx up-regulated CD59 by binding with cAMP response element-binding to the promoter region of the CD59 gene using chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. In addition, we showed that HBx up-regulated CD59 by let-7i at post-transcriptional regulation level. Our data showed that the deposition of C5b-9 were decreased on the cell surface in HepG2-X cells relative to HepG2 cells, suggesting that increased CD59 mediated by HBx prevents the formation of functional membrane attack complex. Furthermore, we demonstrated that down-regulation of CD59 was sufficient to abolish the resistance capability of CDC in HBx-positive cells by RNA interference (siRNA) in vitro and in vivo. Thus, we conclude that HBx contributes to cells resistance to CDC through CD59. Therapeutically, CD59 may serve as a target in HBV-associated hepatoma patients. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

Kong G.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology | Zhang S.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology | Zhang X.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology
Journal of Biological Chemistry

MicroRNAs play important roles in tumor metastasis. Recently, we reported that the level of miR-520b is inversely related to the metastatic potential of breast cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-520b in breast cancer cell migration. We found that miR-520b suppressed the migration of breast cancer cells with high metastatic potential, including MDA-MB-231 and LM-MCF-7 cells, although the inhibition of miR-520b enhanced the migration of low metastatic potential MCF-7 cells. We further discovered that miR-520b directly targets the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of either hepatitis B X-interacting protein (HBXIP) or interleukin-8 (IL-8), which has been reported to contribute to cell migration. Surprisingly, tissue array assays showed that 75% (38:49) and 94% (36:38) of breast cancer tissues and metastatic lymph tissues, respectively, were positive for HBXIP expression. Moreover, overexpression of HBXIP was able to promote the migration of MCF-7 cells. Interestingly, HBXIP was able to regulate IL-8 transcription by NF-κB, suggesting that the two target genes of miR-520b are functionally connected. In addition, we found that miR-520b could indirectly regulate IL-8 transcription by targeting HBXIP. Thus, we conclude that miR-520b is involved in regulating breast cancer cell migration by targeting HBXIP and IL-8 via a network in which HBXIP promotes migration by stimulating NF-κB-mediated IL-8 expression. These studies point to HBXIP as a potential therapeutic target for breast cancer. © 2011 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Source

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