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Lan T.,Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Genetics | Lan T.,Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Rice Molecular Marker Assisted Breeding | Lan T.,Fujian Agriculture and forestry University | Duan Y.,Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Genetics | And 10 more authors.
Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry | Year: 2011

Na +/H + antiporters have been suggested to play important roles in salt tolerance in plants. English cordgrass (Spartina anglica) is a gramineous halophyte with very strong salt tolerance. It possesses salt glands in its stems and leaves, through which excess salt can be excreted. In this study, a vacuolar Na +/H + antiporter homologous gene (temporarily named SaNHX1) was isolated from Spartina anglica by RT-PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). Southern blot analysis suggested that there might be 2 or 3 copies of the vacuolar Na +/H + antiporter genes in the English cordgrass genome. Northern blot analysis showed that the expression of vacuolar Na +/H + antiporter genes in English cordgrass is induced by salt stress. Overexpression of SaNHX1 driven by constitutive promoter Ubi-1 in rice significantly enhanced the salt tolerance of transgenic plants, validating the function of SaNHX1 and suggesting its value for the genetic improvement of salt tolerance in plants. © TÜBİTAK.

PubMed | Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Genetics
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI | Year: 2010

Magnaporthe oryzae 2539 was previously found to be avirulent to most rice cultivars and, therefore, was assumed to carry many avirulence (AVR) genes. However, only one AVR gene, AVR1-CO39, which corresponds to a resistance (R) gene Pi-CO39(t) in rice cv. CO39, has been found from 2539 thus far. In order to identify more AVR genes, we isolated 228 progeny strains from a cross between 2539 and Guy11, an M. oryzae strain with strong virulence on rice, and inoculated these strains onto 23 rice accessions (22 individual cultivars and a mixture of 14 cultivars) that are all resistant to 2539 but susceptible to Guy11. Unexpectedly, the experimental results indicated that the avirulence of 2539 on these rice cultivars appeared to be controlled only by the AVR1-CO39 locus. Consistent with this result, we further found that all except one of the rice cultivars were resistant to two transformed Guy11 strains carrying a 1.05-kb fragment containing the AVR1-CO39 gene from 2539. These results suggest that AVR1-CO39 is a predominant locus controlling the broad avirulence of 2539 on cultivated rice. Based on the results of this study and other previous studies, we infer that AVR1-CO39 is a species-wise rather than a cultivar-wise host-specific AVR locus of M. oryzae for rice.

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