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Chen C.,Hebei University | Yang R.L.,Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity Research and Application of Hebei Province
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research | Year: 2013

MP [4-(3′,3′-dimethylallyloxy)-5-methyl-6-methoxyphthalide] was obtained from liquid culture of Pestalotiopsis photiniae isolated from the Chinese Podocarpaceae plant Podocarpus macrophyllus. MP significantly inhibited the proliferation of HeLa tumor cell lines. After treatment with MP, characteristic apoptotic features such as DNA fragmentation and chromatin condensation were observed in DAPI-stained HeLa cells. Flow cytometry showed that MP induced G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Western blotting and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction were used to investigate protein and mRNA expression. MP caused significant cell cycle arrest by upregulating the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27KIP1protein and p21CIP1mRNA levels in HeLa cells. The expression of p73 protein was increased after treatment with various MP concentrations. mRNA expression of the cell cycle-related genes, p21CIP1, p16INK4aand Gadd45α, was significantly upregulated and mRNA levels demonstrated significantly increased translation of p73, JunB, FKHR, and Bim. The results indicate that MP may be a potential treatment for cervical cancer.

Zhang W.,Hebei University | Lu Z.,Hebei University | Lu Z.,Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity Research and Application of Hebei Province
Environmental Microbiology Reports | Year: 2015

Currently, numerous taxonomic units above species level of the phylum Firmicutes are ambiguously placed in the phylogeny determined by 16S rRNA gene. Here, we evaluated the use of 16S rRNA gene compared with 81 conserved proteins (CPs) or 41 ribosomal proteins (RPs) as phylogenetic markers and applied this to the analysis of the phylum Firmicutes. Results show that the phylogenetic trees constructed are in good agreement with each other; however, the protein-based trees are able to resolve the relationships between several branches where so far only ambiguous classifications are possible. Thus, the phylogeny deduced based on concatenated proteins provides significant basis for re-classifying members in this phylum. It indicates that the genera Coprothermobacter and Thermodesulfobium represent two new phyla; the families Paenibacillaceae and Alicyclobacillaceae should be elevated to order level; and the families Bacillaceae and Thermodesulfobiaceae should be separated to 2 and 3 families respectively. We also suggest that four novel families should be proposed in the orders Clostridiales and Bacillales, and 11 genera should be moved to other existing families different from the current classification status. Moreover, notably, RPs are a well-suited subset of CPs that could be applied to Firmicutes phylogenetic analysis instead of the 16S rRNA gene. © 2014 Society for Applied Microbiology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Chen C.,Hebei University | Chen C.,Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity Research and Application of Hebei Province | Hu S.-Y.,Hebei University | Hu S.-Y.,Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity Research and Application of Hebei Province | And 3 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2013

4-(3',3'-Dimethylallyloxy)-5-methyl-6-methoxyphthalide (DMMP) has previously been isolated from the endophytic fungus Pestalotiopsis photiniae. Although the cytotoxic activities of DMMP have been reported, little is known concerning the molecular mechanism of its cytotoxic effect. In the present study, we investigated the effect of DMMP on the growth of several types of cancer cell lines and investigated the mechanism of its antiproliferative effect. DMMP caused the growth inhibition of human cancer lines HeLa, MCF7 and MDA-MB-231, but had little antiproliferative effect on MRC5 normal lung cells. DMMP also significantly caused cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase and upregulated the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27KIPI protein in the HeLa cells. Moreover DMMP was able to induce marked nuclear apoptotic morphology in HeLa cells. DMMP induced apoptosis and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) in the HeLa cells. Although the activated forms of caspase-9 and -3 in HeLa cells were detected, pretreatment with caspase inhibitors (Ac-DEVD-CHO and Z-VAD-FMK) failed to attenuate DMMP-induced cell death. In addition, protein levels of the p53 family members, p53 and p73, were upregulated, and DMMP significantly increased the mRNA expression of pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family genes (PUMA, NOXA, Bax, Bad and Bim). HPV E6-E7 mRNA levels were reduced. In conclusion, DMMP demonstrates potential for use in the treatment of cervical cancer.

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