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Wang J.,Key Laboratory of Marine Ecological Restoration Shandong Marine Resource and Environment Research Institute Yantai China | Zhang D.,Key Laboratory of Marine Ecological Restoration Shandong Marine Resource and Environment Research Institute Yantai China | Sun Y.,Key Laboratory of Marine Ecological Restoration Shandong Marine Resource and Environment Research Institute Yantai China | Wang S.,Key Laboratory of Marine Ecological Restoration Shandong Marine Resource and Environment Research Institute Yantai China | And 3 more authors.
Aquaculture Research | Year: 2014

An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of a dairy-yeast prebiotic (Grobiotic®-A) on growth performance, body composition, antioxidant capacity and immune functions of juvenile starry flounder, Platichtahys stellatus. Three triplicates of starry flounder (average initial weight of 15.05 ± 0.04 g) were fed one of six diets formulated to supplement dairy-yeast prebiotic at 0%, 0.4%, 0.8%, 1.2%, 1.6% or 2.0% respectively. Results showed that weight gain, daily feed intake, protein efficiency rate and condition factor increased significantly (P < 0.05) whereas feed conversion ratio decreased significantly with the increasing level of the dairy-yeast prebiotic supplement. Crude lipid content in dorsal muscle and liver decreased significantly (P < 0.05). No significant differences occurred in moisture and crude protein content of dorsal muscle and liver with the increasing level of the dairy-yeast prebiotic supplement. Compared with fish feed the basal diet, the activity of catalase and total antioxidant capability in serum and liver, as well as total superoxide dismutase in serum all significantly increased with high level of the prebiotic, while the malondialdehyde content in serum and liver decreased significantly. In serum, the activity of alkaline phosphatase, lysozyme, complement and the content of nitric oxide were significantly increased at higher level of prebiotic supplementation while no significant differences were found in total protein, albumin, globulin, albumin to globulin ratio, haemoglobin, acid phosphatase and myeloperoxidase. Based on weight gain response using the quadratic regression, combine the antioxidant and immune indices, the optimum dietary dairy-yeast prebiotic level for juvenile starry flounder was estimated to be 1.33% under these experimental conditions. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

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