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Wang F.,Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medical Diagnostics Designated by the Ministry of Education | Dai A.-Y.,Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medical Diagnostics Designated by the Ministry of Education | Tao K.,Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medical Diagnostics Designated by the Ministry of Education | Xiao Q.,Chongqing Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2015

Bcr/Abl fusion protein is a hallmark of human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The protein can activate various signaling pathways to make normal cells transform malignantly and thus to facilitate tumorigenesis. It has been reported that heat shock protein-70 (HSP-70) can be served as an anti-apoptotic protein that suppresses Bax and Apo-2L/TRAIL. But it is unclear whether HSP-70 affects AIF-initiated apoptosis in Bcr/Abl expressing cells considering that HSP-70 is coincidentally over-regulated in these cells. Our findings supported that abundant HSP-70 in Bcr/Abl cells neutralizes AIF by segregating it from nucleus via direct interaction, leading to the failure of AIF initiating cell death and the silence of caspase-independent apoptotic pathway upon apoptotic induction. Moderate inhibition of HSP-70 expression by siRNA leads to Vp-16 triggered re-distribution of AIF in nucleus. In addition, AIF bears a HSP-70 binding domain allowing association with HSP-70. Therefore, disruption of the association using an AIF mutant lacking this domain can restore the potential of AIF importing into nucleus, and finally triggers cell death in a time dependent manner. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

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