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Wang W.,Peking Union Medical College | Wang W.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang W.,Key Laboratory of Human Diseases Comparative Medicine | Wang W.,Key Laboratory of Human Diseases Animal Models | And 17 more authors.
AIDS Research and Therapy | Year: 2014

Background: The precise efficacy of nucleoside analogue reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) in preventing and inhibiting virus replication remains unknown in RT-SHIV infected Chinese-origin rhesus macaques (Ch RM).Findings: Ch RM were inoculated intravenously with 200 TCID50 RT-SHIV and treated by gavage with NRTIs (20 mg AZT and 10 mg 3TC twice per day) for four consecutive weeks beginning at one hour, on day 217 or 297 post inoculation, respectively. Treatment with AZT/3TC inhibited transiently RT-SHIV replication during chronic infection, but did not significantly affect peripheral blood CD4+ T cells in macaques. Treatment with AZT/3TC at 1 hour post infection prevented RT-SHIV infection in two out of four animals during the 120-day observation period.Conclusions: Therefore, the Ch RM model with RT-SHIV infection can be used to evaluate the efficacy of new NRTIs. © 2014 Wang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Wang W.,Key Laboratory of Human Diseases Comparative Medicine | Wang W.,Key Laboratory of Human Diseases Animal Models | Wang W.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang W.,Peking Union Medical College | And 22 more authors.
Journal of Medical Primatology | Year: 2014

Background: Little is known about the comparative susceptibility and differential pathogenic characteristics of Chinese-origin rhesus macaques upon infection with the chimeric SHIVs most commonly applied in experimental research. Methods: In vivo infectivity, viral replication, and disease progression related to SHIV-1157ipd3N4, SHIV-162P3, and SHIV-KB9 infections were assessed after intravenous inoculation of Chinese-origin rhesus macaques (n = 10 each). Results: SHIV-KB9-infected monkeys had higher plasma viral loads than those infected with SHIV-1157ipd3N4 or SHIV-162P3 (P < 0.05). The SHIV-KB9 group had a member that progressed rapidly to simian acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and was moribund at 155 days post-inoculation. SHIV-KB9 and SHIV-162P3 showed reverse trends in the effects on levels of memory T-cell subpopulations. Conclusions: This study provides foundational data for future efficacy testing of candidate vaccine and antiviral therapy using a Chinese-origin rhesus macaque system. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Wang W.,Key Laboratory of Human Diseases Comparative Medicine | Wang W.,Key Laboratory of Human Diseases Animal Models | Wang W.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang W.,Peking Union Medical College | And 19 more authors.
Microbes and Infection | Year: 2014

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 subtype CRF01_AE is one of the major HIV-1 subtypes that dominate the global epidemic. However, its drug resistance, associated mutations, and viral fitness have not been systemically studied, because available chimeric simian-HIVs (SHIVs) usually express the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (rt) gene of subtype B HIV-1, which is different from subtype CRF01_AE HIV-1. In this study, a recombinant plasmid, pRT-SHIV/AE, was constructed to generate a chimeric RT-SHIV/AE by replacing the rt gene of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVmac239) with the counterpart of Chinese HIV-1 subtype CRF01_AE. The infectivity, replication capacity, co-receptor tropism, drug sensitivity, and genetic stability of RT-SHIV/AE were characterized. The new chimeric RT-SHIV/AE effectively infected and replicated in human T cell line and rhesus peripheral blood mononuclear cells (rhPBMC). The rt gene of RT-SHIV/AE lacked the common mutation (T215I) associated with drug resistance. RT-SHIV-AE retained infectivity and immunogenicity, similar to that of its counterpart RT-SHIV/TC virus following intravenous inoculation in Chinese rhesus macaque. RT-SHIV-AE was more sensitive to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) than the RT-SHIV/TC. RT-SHIV/AE was genetically stable in Chinese rhesus macaque. The new chimeric RT-SHIV/AE may be a valuable tool for evaluating the efficacy of the rt-based antiviral drugs against the subtype CRF01_AE HIV-1. © 2014 Institut Pasteur.

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