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Zhan Y.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Zhan Y.,Key Laboratory of High Speed Railway Engineering | Ma Z.J.,University of Tennessee at Knoxville | Ma Z.J.,Southwest Jiaotong University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Bridge Engineering | Year: 2016

In this study, push-out tests were conducted to evaluate the interface behavior between steel and concrete connected by bonding. Twelve sets of specimens with different adhesive thicknesses, modulus of elasticity, and interface roughness were investigated. Failure modes, ultimate loads, and load-slip relationships are reported and analyzed in the paper. The experimental results show that factors such as modulus of elasticity of adhesive materials, adhesive thickness, and interface roughness affect the interface behavior. An analytical model is proposed to predict the ultimate load value and the load-slip relationship. The comparison between test results and analytical predictions shows good agreement. © 2016 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Zhan Y.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Zhan Y.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | Zhao R.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Ma Z.J.,University of Tennessee at Knoxville | And 3 more authors.
Engineering Structures | Year: 2016

Concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) member is widely used for building, bridge and foundation structures because of its excellent performance. When a CFST member is subjected to axial loads, the filling concrete is confined by the steel tube, resulting in a tri-axial state of compression that improves its strength, stiffness and ductility. However, the cracking of concrete in tension zone would decrease this enhancement when the CFST member is subjected to flexure, especially when it is used as a major flexural member with large-scale section in bridges. To overcome this weakness, the prestressed CFST concept is investigated in this paper. Eight prestressed CFST beams with large-scale section (300 × 450 mm) were tested under bending. Two concrete strengths (C50 and C60) and two different degrees of prestressing (0.26 and 0.40) were studied in the experimental program. The full vibration and grouting method was introduced to gain a good performance of specimens. The perfobond rib shear connector was adopted to achieve the composite action. The flexural behaviors were verified by comparing with predictions from a proposed model considering the confinement effects. A simplified method is proposed to determine the ultimate moment capacity based on the plastic stress block hypothesis. Both experimental and analytical results show that the prestressed strands could significantly enhance the confinement effect of the core concrete under bending, which, in turn, improves the prestressed CFST beam performance in strength, stiffness and ductility. © 2016.

Zhao X.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Zhao X.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | Zhao X.,Purdue University | Salgado R.,Purdue University | Prezzi M.,Purdue University
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Geotechnical Engineering | Year: 2015

The use of combined anchoring systems for slope stability enhancement is becoming more frequent. In combined anchoring systems, active anchors (e.g. prestressed tiebacks) and passive anchors (e.g. soil nails) are used simultaneously to stabilise a slope. Although stability analysis of slopes with either active or passive anchors used separately is routine in engineering practice, experience with slopes in which these two types of anchoring systems are used in combination is considerably more limited. For example, there are questions concerning the load sharing between active and passive anchors. In this study, centrifuge tests are designed to investigate the contribution of passive anchors to the overall stability of a slope by monitoring the deformation and stress distributions in anchored slope models. Centrifuge model tests are carried out on six model slopes at the same acceleration of 100 g with different types of reinforcement: active anchors for four models and a combined anchoring system for two models. The experimental results show that the passive anchors in the combined anchoring system make an important contribution to the overall stability of the slopes. The tests are then used to verify a slope stability program that can consider both types of anchors acting together. © ICE Publishing: All rights reserved

Jiang G.-L.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Jiang G.-L.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | Wang L.-W.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Wang L.-W.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | And 2 more authors.
Yantu Gongcheng Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering | Year: 2013

The deformation of bridge-approach foundation is the key factor to cause that of bridge abutment, so the study on the bridge-approach deformation contributes to the further study on abutment deformation. Based on the elastic theory, a formula for additional stress of bridge-approach foundation and adjacent surroundings under an arbitrary subgrade section load is derived. The distribution rules of additional stress of approach foundation under a standard railway embankment section load are obtained, and the response of the adjacent buildings to the approach foundation under the subgrade load is analyzed. On this basis, the rationality of the formula is verified by means of numerical simulation. The results show that the proposed method is clear in thought, mathematically logic, and easy in programming. It may provide the theoretical basis for calculation of additional stress and the theoretical support for the studies on abutment deformation.

Zeng X.H.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Zeng X.H.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | Zeng X.H.,Central South University | Xie Y.J.,Central South University | And 4 more authors.
Construction and Building Materials | Year: 2016

Cement and emulsified asphalt mortar (CA mortar) consists of cement, emulsified asphalt, sand, water, and other additives, which can be used as a vibration attenuator and isolation casting layer in modern high-speed railway. However, the dynamic mechanical properties of CA mortar have not been well documented until now. In this paper, a series of experiments were carried out to characterize the dynamic properties of CA mortar. It can be found from the test results that the compressive strength, the compressive strain, and the elastic modulus are much more sensitive than traditional Portland cement mortar and concrete in a specified range of strain rate. Meanwhile, experimental results from an impacting acceleration test presents that CA mortar had excellent vibration attenuation and isolation functions. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Chen W.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Jiang G.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Wang Z.,Key Laboratory of High Speed Railway Engineering | Li A.,Key Laboratory of High Speed Railway Engineering
Zhongnan Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Central South University (Science and Technology) | Year: 2014

At present, many passenger dedicated lines are constructed or designed in China, which traverse through expansive soil regions regularly, such as Yun-Gui high-speed railway. To master the physical-mechanical parameters of the undisturbed expansive soils, a number of series tests are carried out for the intact expansive soil, and these samples were taken from different soil layers in Mile town of Yun-Gui railway. Based on it, taking the stage loading of high embankment as the object of study, the K0 oedometer tests of undisturbed expansive soil under stage continuous loading are performed on geotechnical digital systems (GDS) triaxial apparatus. The test result shows that the stress-strain curves of expansive soil is varies with ladder, and the relationship between secant modulus and stress is like sickle. The empirical formula recommended by Wroth could describe the relationship between K0(OC) and ηOCR (overconsolidation ratio) well for the overconsolidated expansive soil reasonably. Compared with the result in stage loading oedometer test, the compression of undisturbed expansive soil is found to rise in stage continuous loading oedometer test. The conclusion provides a reference and a guideline for analyzing the settlement of subgrade for high-speed railway in expansive soil regions.

Cui K.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Cui K.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | Lic W.,Southwest Jiaotong University
Materials Research | Year: 2016

In this paper, the mechanical, dry shrinkage and frost resistance performance of cement stabilized graded stone with framework and dense structure were investigated. A higher cement content owns a correspondingly better mechanical performance. With the different moisture content, the dry shrinkage and frost resistance performance of cement stabilized graded stone showed a similar improving and deteriorating trend. The specimens (sample 0, 1, 2, 3), with different moisture content (4%, 5%, 6%, 7%) in a 6% cement content, were measured and analyzed. A sample contained low moisture content has a relatively loose and dry mixtures, which owns a insufficient cement hydration reaction and low strength, finally leads to a weaker dry shrinkage resistance performance. Moreover, the high moisture content sample has a damp and flabby reaction procedure, which has a larger amount of moisture evaporation and further deteriorated dry shrinkage. The moisture content significantly influence the pore parameters of prepared samples, whose trend followed those of dry shrinkage and frost resistance performance. The pore size distribution of these composites shifted toward smaller pore size scope with a proper moisture content. In addition, scanning electron micrographs (SEM) showed that the denser microstructure of prepared cement stabilized graded stones.

Zhai W.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Wei K.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | Wei K.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Song X.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Shao M.,Southwest Jiaotong University
Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering | Year: 2015

A field measurement of ground vibration was performed on the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway in China. In this paper, the experimental results of vertical ground vibration accelerations induced by very high speed trains running over a non-ballasted track on embankment with speeds from 300 to 410. km/h are reported and analyzed in detail for the first time. Characteristics of ground vibration accelerations in both time and frequency domains are analyzed based on the test data. It is shown that the periodic exciting action of high-speed train bogies can be identified in time histories of vertical accelerations of the ground within the range of 50. m from the track centerline. The first dominant sensitive frequency of the ground vibration acceleration results from the wheelbase of the bogie, and the center distance of two neighboring cars plays an important role in the significant frequencies of the ground vibration acceleration. Variations of time-response peak value and frequency-weighted vertical acceleration level of ground vibration in relation with train speed as well as the distance from the track centerline are also investigated. Results show that the time-domain peak value of ground vibration acceleration exhibits an approximately linear upward tendency with the increase of train speed. With the increasing distance from the track centerline, the frequency-weighted vertical acceleration level of the ground vibration attenuates more slowly than the time-domain peak value of the ground vibration acceleration does. Severe impact of high-speed railway ground vibration on human body comfort on the ground occurs at the speed of 380-400. km/h. The results given in the paper are also valuable for validating the numerical prediction of train induced ground vibrations. © 2015.

Wei K.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Wei K.,Key Laboratory of High Speed Railway Engineering | Zhai W.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Xiao J.,Nanjing University of Technology
Zhongguo Tiedao Kexue/China Railway Science | Year: 2014

Considering the dynamic parameters of foundation nonlinearly vary with strain frequency response, the vertical coupling dynamics model of metro train, track, shield tunnel and foundation was established. Combined with the measured settlement data of subway shield tunnels in soft soil area of China, the model was used to discuss the influences of the variations in the height of rail surface and the longitudinal stiffness of tunnel induced by the longitudinal uneven settlement of foundation in soft soil on the random vibration response of subway shield tunnel. Besides, the internal relations between the uneven settlement of shield tunnel in soft soil and its environment vibration were also given. Results show that the short wavelength of uneven settlement given rise to the variations of track height is close to the sensitive wavelength of train vibration. However, it can be seen from model calculation that the influence of track irregularity due to uneven settlement on vehicle vibration is very small, which indicates that the sensitive wavelength due to uneven settlement has little effect on track spectrum and will not worsen subway environment vibration. Nevertheless, the weakening of the longitudinal stiffness of subway shield tunnel as a result of uneven settlement can greatly increase tunnel vibration in higher frequencies or in lower frequencies.

Wang P.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | Zhou C.-S.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | Wei K.,Key Laboratory of High speed Railway Engineering | Xu H.,China Railway Eryuan Engineering Group Co.
Journal of Railway Engineering Society | Year: 2015

Research purposes: The vibration transmission is essentially the energy transmission, but few research projects focus on the energy transmissionin study of vibration-reduction and noise-reduction of railway nowadays. In order to reveal the energy distribution of random vibrationin wheel-rail coupling system and reasonablyto reducethe train-inducedvibration and noise, based on Hamiltonian principle, vehicle-track coupling dynamic model is established to statisticthe random vibration energy induced by track irregularity among vehicle, track and wheel-track contact subsystems. It is also discussed the influence of rail irregularity, axle-weight, the supporting stiffness and dampingon the energy distribution. Research conclusions: (1) The random vibration energy of vehicle subsystem is most, while that of wheel-track contact subsystem is least in vehicle-track coupling system excited by track irregularity. (2) The random vibration energy of vehicle subsystem has a negative relation with that of the subsystems under the vehicle, and the random vibration energy of track subsystem shows a strong linear relation with that of wheel-rail contact subsystem. (3) The influence of track irregularity on the energy distribution between the three subsystems can be ignored, while the random vibration energy of track subsystem enhances with increase of axle-weight or decrease of the supporting stiffness (or damping). (4) The relevant research results are helpful to the design of vibration-reduction and noise-reduction of railway. ©, 2015, Editorial Department of Journal of Railway Engineering Society. All right reserved.

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