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Yang L.,Harbin Medical University | Liang Y.,Key Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery | Gu W.,Harbin Medical University | Wang C.,Harbin Medical University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2015

Angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) plays an important role in inflammatory carcinogenesis and tumor metastasis. The compound GDC-0152 is a peptidomimetic small molecule antagonist of inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) proteins with antitumor activity. However, the interaction between ANGPTL2 and GDC-0152 has not been studied. It has been proven that ANGPTL2 promotes metastasis of osteosarcoma. Therefore, in the present study, the effect of GDC-0152 on the malignant progression of osteosarcoma promoted by ANGPTL2 was investigated. Human osteosarcoma cell line SaOS2 cells were pre-treated or non-treated with GDC-0152 and then exposed to recombinant human ANGPTL2. The viability of SaOS2 cells was determined by MTT assay, the migration of SaOS2 cells was analyzed by chamber migration assay kit, and the SaOS2 cell apoptosis was determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and nuclear staining. Treatment with ANGPTL2 increased SaOS2 cell growth and migration and decreased cell apoptosis. The increased cell growth and decreased cell apoptosis were significantly attenuated in SaOS2 cells receiving GDC-0152. However, the ANGPTL2-increased SaOS2 cell migration was not inhibited by GDC-0152 treatment. Furthermore, western blot analysis showed that the activation of phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase (PI3K) (p85), PI3K (p110), protein kinase B (Akt) (Ser473), Akt (Thr308) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) were upregulated by ANGPTL2. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qTR-PCR) and gelatin zymography showed that the mRNA expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) were also increased by ANGPTL2. The upregulated activation of PI3K and Akt were significantly suppressed by the treatment of GDC-0152. In contrast, GDC-0152 did not suppress ANGPTL2-induced p38MAPK phosphorylation, MMP-9/MMP-2 mRNA expression or MMP-9/MMP-2 activity. Taken together, these data indicate that GDC-0152 attenuates the malignant progression of osteosarcoma promoted by ANGPTL2 via PI3K/AKT but not p38MAPK signaling pathway. The present study indicated a novel therapeutic strategy to inhibit tumor growth by indirectly preventing ANGPTL2 signaling. Source

Song R.,Key Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery | Liang Y.,Key Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery | Yin D.,Key Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery | Zhang H.,Chongqing Three Gorges University | And 16 more authors.
Hepatology | Year: 2014

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly vascularized tumor with frequent extrahepatic metastasis. Active angiogenesis and metastasis are responsible for rapid recurrence and poor survival of HCC. However, the mechanisms that contribute to tumor metastasis remain unclear. Here we evaluate the effects of ATPase inhibitory factor 1 (IF1), an inhibitor of the mitochondrial H(+)-adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase, on HCC angiogenesis and metastasis. We found that increased expression of IF1 in human HCC predicts poor survival and disease recurrence after surgery. Patients with HCC who have large tumors, with vascular invasion and metastasis, expressed high levels of IF1. Invasive tumors overexpressing IF1 were featured by active epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and increased angiogenesis, whereas silencing IF1 expression attenuated EMT and invasion of HCC cells. Mechanistically, IF1 promoted Snai1 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression by way of activating nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling, which depended on the binding of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 1 (TRAF1) to NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK) and the disruption of NIK association with the TRAF2-cIAP2 complex. Suppression of the NF-κB pathway interfered with IF1-mediated EMT and invasion. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay showed that NF-κB can bind to the Snai1 promoter and trigger its transcription. IF1 was directly transcribed by NF-κB, thus forming a positive feedback signaling loop. There was a significant correlation between IF1 expression and pp65 levels in a cohort of HCC biopsies, and the combination of these two parameters was a more powerful predictor of poor prognosis. Conclusion: IF1 promotes HCC angiogenesis and metastasis by up-regulation of Snai1 and VEGF transcription, thereby providing new insight into HCC progression and IF1 function. © 2014 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Source

Zhu H.,Key Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery | Zhu H.,Harbin Medical University | Wang J.,Key Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery | Wang J.,Harbin Medical University | And 10 more authors.
Experimental and Molecular Medicine | Year: 2010

Nonspecific inflammatory response is the major cause for failure of islet grafts at the early phase of intraportal islet transplantation (IPIT). Bilirubin, a natural product of heme catabolism, has displayed anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study has demonstrated that bilirubin protected islet grafts by inhibiting nonspecific inflammatory response in a syngeneic rat model of IPIT. The inflammation-induced cell injury was mimicked by exposing cultured rat insulinoma INS-1 cells to cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α and IFN-γ) in in vitro assays. At appropriate lower concentrations, bilirubin significantly attenuated the reduced cell viability and enhanced cell apoptosis induced by cytokines, and protected the insulin secretory function of INS-1 cells. Diabetic inbred male Lewis rats induced by streptozotocin underwent IPIT at different islet equivalents (IEQs) (optimal dose of 1000, and suboptimal doses of 750 or 500), and bilirubin was administered to the recipients every 12 h, starting from one day before transplantation until 5 days after transplantation. Administration of bilirubin improved glucose control and enhanced glucose tolerance in diabetic recipients, and reduced the serum levels of inflammatory mediators including IL-1β, TNF-α, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and NO, and inhibited the infiltration of Kupffer cells into the islet grafts, and restored insulin-producing ability of transplanted islets. Source

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