Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research

Shanghai, China

Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research

Shanghai, China
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Liu J.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | Liu J.,Nantong University | Liu H.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | Zhang W.,Fudan University | And 6 more authors.
Glycobiology | Year: 2013

Elevated expression and activity of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (Mgat5) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common early event involved in tumor invasion during hepatocarcinogenesis. A better understanding of the functional role and the molecular mechanism for Mgat5-targeted protein and downstream signaling pathway behind hepatoma invasion and metastasis is urgently needed. Here, we show that Mgat5 overexpression promoted anchorage-independent growth and inhibited anoikis in hepatoma cells. This effect was reversed by glycosyltransferase inactive mutant Mgat5 L188R transfection, α-mannosidase II inhibitor swainsonine treatment and N-acetyl glucosamine (GlcNAc) phosphotransferase (GPT) inhibitor tunicamycin administration. Mgat5 overexpression increased p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) expression and shRNA-mediated PAK1 knockdown and kinase inactivation with kinase dead mutant PAK1 K299R coexpression or allosteric inhibitor P21-activated kinase inhibitor III (IPA3) treatment reversed anoikis resistance in Mgat5-overexpressed hepatoma cells. Furthermore, Mgat5 overexpression upregulated β-1-6-GlcNAc branched N-glycosylation and following phosphorylation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in hepatoma cells. EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors AG1478 and Iressa treatment declined anchorage-independent growth and anoikis resistance, which could be rescued by constitutive active mutant PAK1 T423E coexpression in Mgat5-overexpressed hepatoma cells. Conversely, knockdown of Mgat5 reduced EGFR/PAK1-dependent anoikis resistance, which could be reversed by PAK1 T423E. These results identified Mgat5-mediated β-1-6-GlcNAc branched N-glycosylation and following activation of EGFR as a potential novel upstream molecular event for PAK1-induced anoikis resistance in hepatoma cells, implicating that molecular targeted therapeutics against Mgat5/EGFR/PAK1 might open a new avenue for personalized medicine in advanced-stage HCC patients. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press.


Qi J.,Fudan University | Qi J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Li N.,Fudan University | Fan K.,Fudan University | And 12 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) are type I transmembrane glycoproteins with N-glycans whose catalytic activities are regulated by dimerization. However, the intrinsic mechanism involved in dimerizing processes remains obscure. In this study, receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase rho (PTPRT) is identified as a novel substrate of N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V). We show that addition of β1,6 GlcNAc branches on PTPRT prolongs PTPRT's cell-surface retention time. GnT-V overexpression enhances galectin-3's cell-surface retention and promotes PTPRT's dimerization mediated by galectin-3. Increased dimerization subsequently reduces PTPRT's catalytic activity on the dephosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) at tyrosine residue 705 (pY705 STAT3), then the accumulated pY705 STAT3 translocates into the nucleus. Collectively, these findings provide an insight into the molecular mechanism by which GnT-V promotes cell migration, suggesting that accumulation of β1,6 GlcNAc branched N-glycans promotes PTPRT's dimerization and decreases its catalytic activity, resulting in enhanced cell migratory capacity. © 2014 Qi et al.


An H.,Fudan University | Zhu Y.,Ninth Peoples Hospital | Xu L.,Fudan University | Chen L.,Fudan University | And 2 more authors.
Urology | Year: 2015

Objective To evaluate the prognostic significance of Notch1 activation in patients with clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods We retrospectively enrolled 203 patients with ccRCC undergoing nephrectomy at Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University between 2003 and 2004. Notch1 activation was assessed by immunohistochemical staining of the intracellular domain of Notch1 (ICN1) in specimens of patients. The Kaplan-Meier method, Cox regression models, and Harrell concordance index (C-index) calculation were used to evaluate the prognostic value of ICN1 expression and its association with clinicopathologic features. Results Tumor tissues from patients with advanced TNM stage and Fuhrman grade exhibited elevated ICN1 expression, which correlated positively with tumor size, Fuhrman grade, and tumor necrosis. Moreover, high ICN1 expression indicated poor overall survival and recurrence-free survival of patients with ccRCC. After backward elimination, ICN1 expression, as well as Fuhrman grade, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, and TNM stage, was identified as an independent adverse prognostic factor for survival and recurrence. The predictive accuracy of well-established TNM, University of California Integrated Staging System, and Mayo Clinic stage, size, grade, and necrosis prognostic models was improved when ICN1 expression was added. Furthermore, a predictive nomogram was generated with identified independent prognosticators to assess patient survival at 5 years after surgery. Conclusion Notch1 activation is a potential independent adverse prognostic biomarker for recurrence and survival of patients with ccRCC after nephrectomy. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All Rights Reserved.


Wu Y.,Fudan University | Wu Y.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | Sun L.,Fudan University | Sun L.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | And 10 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2012

Prosaposin, a secreted protein, is a well-known pleiotropic growth factor. Although a previous report has indicated that prosaposin is overexpressed in breast cancer cell lines, the role of prosaposin in the development of breast cancer remains to be identified. Here, we first revealed that prosaposin upregulated estrogen receptor alpha expression, nuclear translocation and transcriptional activity by western blot, immunofluorescence assay and dual luciferase reporter gene assay, respectively. Furthermore, we demonstrated prosaposin upregulated estrogen receptor alpha expression through MAPK-signaling pathway using MAPK inhibitor. Proliferation assay and tumor xenograft experiments in nude mice (n = 6 per group) further confirmed prosaposin could promote breast cancer growth significantly in vitro and in vivo. These findings suggested that prosaposin might enhance estrogen receptor alpha-mediated signaling axis and play a role in breast cancer development and progression. © 2012 Japanese Cancer Association.


Yin P.,Fudan University | Zhao C.,Fudan University | Li Z.,Fudan University | Li Z.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | And 15 more authors.
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2012

Hydrogen sulfide (H 2S) has been found to play an important role as a novel gasotransmitter involved in many biological processes. The regulatory role of endogenous H 2S-producing enzyme on cancer cell survival is complex and unclear. According to the data that cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) gene, catalyzed H 2S production in trans-sulfuration pathway, was upregulated in Akt stably transformed mouse embryonic fibroblast cells, the mechanisms that elevated CSE expression by PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and its biological functions in cell survival were studied. In the present study, firstly, the results showed that PI3K/Akt positively correlated with CSE expression levels in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines. CSE expression was decreased by the PI3K inhibitor or Akt deletion, while upregulated with the activating of Akt. Based on dual-luciferase reporter assay, the -592/+139 gene fragment represented the CSE core promoter, and the PI3K/Akt pathway regulated CSE expression on transcriptional level. Sp1 was the critical transcription factor in regulation of CSE expression via the mutation of transcription factor binding sites on the promoter. Furthermore, we proved that Sp1 could directly bind to CSE promoter by ChIP assay. In addition, we explored that the endogenous H 2S production was connected with the regulated CSE expression, and CSE/H 2S promoted human hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation via cell cycle progression regulation. In summary, we have, for the first time, demonstrated that PI3K/Akt pathway regulates the CSE expression via Sp1, which is particularly important to understand the effect of PI3K/Akt and CSE on the tumorigenesis. © 2012 Elsevier Inc..


Fan K.,Fudan University | Fan K.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | Fan K.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Medicine | Li N.,Fudan University | And 16 more authors.
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2014

Cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) is a major endogenous enzyme producing H2S which, as a third gasotransmitter, plays important roles in many physiological and pathological processes. The mechanism of regulating CSE gene expression is unclear and the roles of CSE/H2S in tumor also have not got a profound understanding, especially in colon cancer. Our study demonstrated that CSE gene expression was regulated by the Wnt pathway on transcriptional level. Activating the Wnt pathway by either Wnt3a or LiCl increased CSE mRNA and protein levels, while siRNA-mediated silence of β-catenin decreased CSE mRNA and protein levels. XAV939 treatment which accelerated β-catenin degradation could reduce CSE protein level. To reveal the mechanism, two TCF/LEF binding sites were found in CSE promoter whose activity had a positive response to β-catenin overexpression in 293T cells. Mutations of TCF/LEF binding sites led to an increase of the promoter activity. It indicated that TCF/LEF likely acted as a repressor to CSE gene transcription, and Wnt signal contributed to free β-catenin accumulation to possibly relieve the repression. Either knockdown of CSE by shRNA (shCSE) or its inhibition by PAG decreased SW480 cell proliferation, migration, and tumor xenograft growth in nude mice. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the Wnt pathway regulates CSE gene expression on transcriptional level and CSE/H2S plays important roles in colon cancer. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.


Wu Q.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | Liu H.-O.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | Liu Y.-D.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | Liu W.-S.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Biological Chemistry | Year: 2015

MicroRNA-122 (miR-122), a mammalian liver-specific miRNA, has been reported to play crucial roles in the control of diverse aspects of hepatic function and dysfunction, including viral infection and hepatocarcinogenesis. In this study, we explored the clinical significance, transcriptional regulation, and direct target of miR-122 in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma. Reduced expression of miR-122 in patients with HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma was correlated with venous invasion and poor prognosis. Furthermore, UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetyl-galactosaminyltransferase-10 (GALNT10) was identified as a bona fide target of miR-122 in hepatoma cells. Ectopic expression and knockdown studies showed thatGALNT10indeed promotes proliferation and apoptosis resistance of hepatoma cells in a glycosyltransferase-dependent manner. Critically, adverse correlation between miR-122 and GALNT10, a poor prognosticator of clinical outcome, was demonstrated in hepatoma patients. Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (Hnf4α), a liver-enriched transcription factor that activates miR-122 gene transcription, was suppressed in HBV-infected hepatoma cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay showed significantly reduced association of Hnf4α with the miR-122 promoter in HBV-infected hepatoma cells. Moreover, GALNT10 was found to intensify O-glycosylation following signal activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor. In addition, in a therapeutic perspective, we proved that GALNT10 silencing increases sensitivity to sorafenib and doxorubicin challenge. In summary, our results reveal a novel Hnf4α/miR-122/GALNT10 regulatory pathway that facilitates EGF miR-122 activation and hepatoma growth in HBV-associated hepatocarcinogenesis. © 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Published in the U.S.A.


Zhang H.,Fudan University | Wang X.,Fudan University | Shen Z.,Fudan University | Xu J.,Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research | And 3 more authors.
Gastric Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), the most predominant tumor-infiltrating immune cells, are emerging prognostic factors and therapeutic targets for personalized therapy against malignant neoplasms. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of diametrically polarized TAMs in gastric cancer and generate a predictive nomogram to refine a risk stratification system. Methods: We evaluated polarized functional status of infiltrated TAMs by immunohistochemical staining of CD68, CD11c, and CD206 in 180 consecutive gastric cancer patients from Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China. Prognostic values were assessed in these patients. We created a predictive nomogram by integrating polarized TAMs with the TNM staging system for overall survival of gastric cancer patients. Results: CD68+ TAMs display polarized programs comprising CD11c+ proinflammatory macrophages (M1) and CD206+ immunosuppressive macrophages (M2) that configure versatile infiltration files in gastric cancer. CD11c+ TAMs negatively correlated with lymph node metastasis (p = 0.012), whereas CD206+ TAMs correlated with the Lauren classification (p = 0.031). No prognostic difference was observed for overall survival for CD68 density (high vs low, p = 0.1031), whereas high versus low CD11c density (p < 0.0001) and low vs high CD206 density (p = 0.0105) indicate better overall survival. Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified CD11c and CD206 as independent prognostic factors (p < 0.001 and p = 0.030, respectively), which could be integrated with the TNM staging system to generate a predictive nomogram for patient outcomes. Conclusion: Infiltration of polarized TAMs, a novel identified independent prognostic factor, could be combined with the TNM stage to refine a risk stratification system and better stratify patients with different prognosis. Tipping TAMs to an antitumoral phenotype might be a promising therapeutic target for postoperative treatment. © 2014, The International Gastric Cancer Association and The Japanese Gastric Cancer Association.


PubMed | Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research, Central Hospital of Minhang District and Shanghai Institute for Food and Drug Control
Type: | Journal: Journal of cellular biochemistry | Year: 2016

Cadherin is crucial for cell-cell adhesion and N-glycosylation of N-cadherin has been implicated in the process of mammary, renal, and ovarian carcinogenesis. However, whether N-glycosylation of N-cadherin plays a role in glioma remains unknown. Previous studies had indicated that N-glycosylation could occur at three asparagine residues of N-cadherin. By generating and over-expressing N-glycosylation-deficient N-cadherin mutants in the human glioma cell lines SHG66 and U87, we found that mutation of N402 but not of the other potentially N-glycosylated residues destabilized N-cadherin and led to its ubiquitylation and subsequent proteasomal degradation. Furthermore, destabilized N-cadherin inhibited cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion and promoted cell migration. Our findings reveal that N-glycosylation controls N-cadherin stability and plays a role in glioma migration. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Fudan University and Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gastric cancer : official journal of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association | Year: 2015

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), the most predominant tumor-infiltrating immune cells, are emerging prognostic factors and therapeutic targets for personalized therapy against malignant neoplasms. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of diametrically polarized TAMs in gastric cancer and generate a predictive nomogram to refine a risk stratification system.We evaluated polarized functional status of infiltrated TAMs by immunohistochemical staining of CD68, CD11c, and CD206 in 180 consecutive gastric cancer patients from Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China. Prognostic values were assessed in these patients. We created a predictive nomogram by integrating polarized TAMs with the TNM staging system for overall survival of gastric cancer patients.CD68(+) TAMs display polarized programs comprising CD11c(+) proinflammatory macrophages (M1) and CD206(+) immunosuppressive macrophages (M2) that configure versatile infiltration files in gastric cancer. CD11c(+) TAMs negatively correlated with lymph node metastasis (p = 0.012), whereas CD206(+) TAMs correlated with the Lauren classification (p = 0.031). No prognostic difference was observed for overall survival for CD68 density (high vs low, p = 0.1031), whereas high versus low CD11c density (p < 0.0001) and low vs high CD206 density (p = 0.0105) indicate better overall survival. Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified CD11c and CD206 as independent prognostic factors (p < 0.001 and p = 0.030, respectively), which could be integrated with the TNM staging system to generate a predictive nomogram for patient outcomes.Infiltration of polarized TAMs, a novel identified independent prognostic factor, could be combined with the TNM stage to refine a risk stratification system and better stratify patients with different prognosis. Tipping TAMs to an antitumoral phenotype might be a promising therapeutic target for postoperative treatment.

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