Fan Q.,Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology For the Middle |
Fan Q.,North University of China |
Ding S.,Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology For the Middle
Catena | Year: 2016
Human activities and natural factors drive landscape pattern changes and limit provision of ecosystem services (ES) for human well-being. The analysis of landscape pattern change is one of the most important methods to understand and quantify land use and land cover change (LUCC). In this study, a series of satellite images (1990, 2002, 2009, 2013) of Fengqiu County of Henan province in China and some social data were used for analyzing landscape pattern changes and driving forces. Our results showed that landscape pattern and indices of Fengqiu County have serial changes during 1990-2013. From 1990 to 2013, the unused land (UL) nearly disappeared (the area of UL changed from 19.1 to 1.06km2) and the area of water area (WA) dramatically decreased (from 71.41 to 11.4km2). The mutual transformations among cultivated land (CL), forest land (FL) and settlements and mining sites (SMS) were relatively frequent. By further analysis of the number of patches (NP), largest patch index (LPI), perimeter-area fractal dimension (PAFRAC) and Shannon's evenness index (SHEI) both at class and landscape scale, we found that anthropogenic influence increased gradually, intensity of land use is strengthened, and landscape heterogeneity reduced. Human activity, especially population growth was the main driving force which impacted the landscape changes in studied area. The natural factors (temperature and precipitation) make a large impact on WA area. At last, we firstly introduce "Entropy model" to analyze the whole land use change. All the quantifications of LUCC and driving forces can reasonably provide basic information for government to guide the land use and ecological protection. © 2015.