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Sang S.L.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li G.,Key Laboratory of Gene Engineering | Hu X.P.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liu Y.H.,Sun Yat Sen University
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

The gene estF27, encoding a protein with feruloyl esterase activity, was cloned through functional screening from a soil metagenomic library and expressed in Escherichiacoli BL21 (DE3) with high solubility. Sequence analysis showed that estF27 encoded a protein of 291 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 31.16 kDa. According to the substrate specificity, EstF27 was classified as a type A feruloyl esterase. EstF27 displayed optimal activity at 40°C and pH 6.8. This enzyme was stable in a broad pH range of 5.0-10.0 over 24 h, and retained more than 50% of its activity after 96 or 120 h incubation in the presence of 3 M KCl or 5 M NaCl. The enzyme activity was slightly enhanced by the addition of Mg 2+ and Fe 3+ at a low concentration, and completely inhibited by Cu 2+. In the enzymatic hydrolysis of destarched wheat bran, EstF27 could release ferulic acid from it in the presence of xylanase from Thermomyces lanuginosus. Given its alkalitolerance, halotolerance and highly soluble expression, EstF27 is a promising candidate for industrial applications. © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Wei Y.,University of Houston | Wei Y.,Key Laboratory of Gene Engineering | Wei Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Hu H.,University of Houston | And 3 more authors.
Nature Communications | Year: 2014

Centrin is a conserved component of centrioles in animals and basal bodies in flagellated organisms. It also associates with axonemal inner-arm dyneins and regulates cell motility, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In Trypanosoma brucei, three of the five centrins associate with the flagellar basal body, but no centrin has been found to regulate flagellar motility. Here we show that TbCentrin3 is a flagellar protein and knockdown of TbCentrin3 compromises cell motility. Tandem affinity purification followed by mass spectrometry identifies an inner-arm dynein, TbIAD5-1, as the TbCentrin3 partner, and knockdown of TbIAD5-1 causes similar cell motility defect. Further, we demonstrate the interdependence of TbCentrin3 and TbIAD5-1 for maintaining a stable complex in the flagellar axoneme. Together, these results identify the essential role of TbCentrin3 in cell motility by maintaining the stability of an inner-arm dynein in the flagellum, which may be shared by all the centrin-containing flagellated and ciliated organisms. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Nie Y.-C.,Key Laboratory of Gene Engineering | Wu H.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Li P.-B.,Key Laboratory of Gene Engineering | Luo Y.-L.,Key Laboratory of Gene Engineering | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Food | Year: 2012

Naringin, a well-known flavanone glycoside of grapefruit and citrus fruits, was found to be as an effective anti-inflammatory compound in our previous lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury mouse model via blockading activity of nuclear factor κB. The current study sought to explore the anti-inflammatory effects of naringin on chronic pulmonary neutrophilic inflammation in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced rats. Seventy Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into seven groups to study the effects of CS with or without various concentrations of naringin or saline for 8 weeks. The results revealed that naringin supplementation at 20, 40, and 80mg/kg significantly increased body weight of CS-induced rats as compared to that in the CS group. Moreover, naringin of 20, 40, and 80mg/kg prevented CS-induced infiltration of neutrophils and activation of myeloperoxidase and matrix metalloproteinase-9, in parallel with suppression of the release of cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-8 (IL-8). IL-10 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was significantly suppressed after CS exposure, but dose dependently elevated by naringin. The results from hematoxylin and eosin staining revealed that naringin dose dependently reduced CS-induced infiltration of inflammatory cells, thickening of the bronchial wall, and expansion of average alveolar airspace. In conclusion, our data suggest that naringin is an effective anti-inflammatory compound for attenuating chronic pulmonary neutrophilic inflammation in CS-induced rats. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. and Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 2012.

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