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Hu L.B.,Henan Institute of Science and Technology | Hu L.B.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Hu L.B.,Key Laboratory of Food Safety Monitoring | Zhou W.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 7 more authors.
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution | Year: 2011

In recent years, Microcystis bloom occurs frequently and causes a wide range of social, environmental, and economic problems. In this study, dose-dependent inhibitory effect of cinnamaldehyde on the growth of Microcystis aeruginosa was investigated. It was found that cinnamaldehyde with the concentration more than 0.6 mM showed algicide activity against M. aeruginosa. When M. aeruginosa was exposed to 0.6 mM cinnamaldehyde, considerable reactive oxygen species (ROS) were generated followed by lipid peroxidation and decrease in the content of both chlorophyll a and soluble protein. Although superoxide dismutase had made response to the stress caused by cinnamaldehyde, activity increasing after a time of lag could not prevent the lysis of M. aeruginosa cells. Interestingly, the addition of antioxidants glutathione and l-ascorbic acid (Vc) could prevent the lysis of M. aeruginosa cells. All the results suggested that cinnamaldehyde induced the death of M. aeruginosa cells via inducing ROS burst. Further understanding of the mechanism of cinnamaldehyde-induced M. aeruginosa cell death would contribute to the control of cyanobacteria pollution. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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