Jiang X.,Key Laboratory of Eco Textile |
Qi Y.,Key Laboratory of Eco Textile |
Wang S.,Key Laboratory of Eco Textile |
Tian X.,Key Laboratory of Eco Textile
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2010
To react with the cationic monomer, N-trimethylaminoethylmethacrylate chloride (TMAEMC), a β-CD derivative carrying vinyl carboxylic acid groups (β-CD-MAH) was designed and synthesized via esterfying reaction between β-CD and maleic anhydride (MAH). Whereafter, a water-soluble amphoteric flocculant, the copolymer of TMAEMC and β-CD-MAH (β-CD-MAH-TMAEMC) has been synthesized by means of free radical copolymerization using the ammonium persulfate (APS) and sodium bisulfite (SBS) redox system as the initiator. The copolymer structure was demonstrated by FT-IR, 1H NMR, SEM characterizations. Its excellent flocculated decolorization properties were evaluated with Acid Light Yellow 2G solutions using a jar test method. With the mass ratio of 1/10 (w/w) between the flocculant and dye, and at pH 4 and 20 °C of the initial dye solution, the maximum color removal reached. The charge neutralization played a dominant role during the flocculated decolorization process, although the inclusion of dye molecules into the cavities of β-CD well maintained in side chain of β-CD-MAH-TMAEMC also contributed to the conglomerates and floccules. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.