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Li X.,Lanzhou University | Li X.,Key Laboratory of Digestive System | Zhang Q.,Lanzhou University | He W.,Lanzhou University | And 10 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research | Year: 2012

PI3K/AKT constitutes an important pathway regulating the signaling of multiple biological processes and plays a critical role in carcinogenesis. PIK3CA gene missense mutations have been reported in many human cancer types. The mutation of it in hepatocellular carcinoma cases varies with different races and regions. In this study, we investigated PIK3CA mutation in Chinese hepatocellular carcinoma patients. A total 90 Chinese patients of hepatocellular carcinoma were recruited in this study. Exons 9 and 20 hotspots mutations of PIK3CA gene were detected by PCR-based DNA sequencing. Two point mutations (E542K and D549H) in exon 9 were found in only one patient (1/90; 1.11%), no mutation was found in exon 20 in any cases. 57 patients are associated with HBV infection (57/90; 63.3%), and 8 patients with HCV infection (8/90; 8.9%). The frequency of the PIK3CA mutations in hepatocellular carcinoma seems to be lower in Chinese hepatocellular carcinoma patients. These findings suggest that PI3K mutations may not play a major role in hepatic carcinogenesis in Chinese. HBV infection has close relationship with HCC in Chinese. © 2011 Arányi Lajos Foundation.

Li Y.,Lanzhou University | Li Y.,Key Laboratory of Digestive System | He W.,Key Laboratory of Digestive System | He W.,Lanzhou University | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Diagnosis and Therapy | Year: 2010

Background and Objective: Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2, also known as prostaglandin synthase 2) influences carcinogenesis through regulation of angiogenesis, apoptosis, and cytokine expression. COX-2 is encoded by the gene PTGS2. Several studies have suggested that PTGS2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are involved in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis. In this study, we observed the PTGS2 Val511Ala (5939T/C) polymorphism in the Chinese population for the first time, and investigated whether this polymorphism might contribute to gastric cancer in a case-control study conducted in the Gansu province of China, a highrisk area for gastric cancer. Methods: We determined the genotypes of 110 gastric cancer patients and 138 controls using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. Data were statistically analyzed using a chi-squared test and a logistic regression model. Results and Conclusion: In our analysis, PTGS2 5939C allele carriers were at increased risk of gastric cancer (odds ratio [OR] 1.742; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.009, 3.005; p = 0.045). We also found an interaction between Helicobacter pylori infection, a family history of gastric cancer, and presence of the 5939C allele. This study further indicated that H. pylori-positive status and family history jointly contribute to a higher risk of gastric cancer. © 2010 Adis Data Information BV. All rights reserved.

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