Lu D.,Key Laboratory of Depositional Mineralization & Sedimentary Mineral SDUST |
Li Z.,Key Laboratory of Depositional Mineralization & Sedimentary Mineral SDUST |
Chen J.,CAS Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology |
Liu Y.,Key Laboratory of Depositional Mineralization & Sedimentary Mineral SDUST |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Earth Science | Year: 2015
The depositional environment of the Upper Permian quartzose sandstone (Kuishan sandstone in Shihezi Formation of Upper Permian) in the North China epicontinental basin is controversial. In order to test the previous hypotheses, we analyzed sedimentological characteristics of the Kuishan sandstones in outcrops and boreholes, and carried out trace element geochemical analysis by electron probe microanalyzer. Three lithofacies were recognized, including normal-graded conglomerate (Cng), trough and planar cross-bedded coarse sandstone (CStpc), and planar cross-bedded medium sandstone (MSpc). Normal-graded conglomerate (Cng) formed in the meandering river or deltaic distributary channels. Trough and planar cross-bedded coarse sandstone (CStpc) formed in meandering river or distributary channels of near-source deltaic plain. Planar cross-bedded medium sandstone (MSpc) formed in the siliciclastic beach with high- to moderate-energy conditions. By the petrology and trace elements analysis, three relatively large-scale transgressions were revealed. Each transgression was reflected by the lower content of Ba and ratios of Fe/Mn, and the high content of B and ratios of B/Ga. The ratios of Ni/Co of all samples are all lower than 2, suggesting oxygen-enriched shallower water environment during deposition of the Kuishan sandstones. © 2015, China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.