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Jiang G.,Zhejiang University | Jiang G.,Key Laboratory of Combined Multi organ Transplantation of Ministry of Public Health | Yu K.,Zhejiang University | Shao L.,Zhejiang University | And 11 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: The association between epidermal growth factor (EGF) gene +61A/G polymorphism (rs4444903) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) susceptibility has been widely reported, but the results were inconsistent. To clarify the effect of this polymorphism on HCC risk, a meta-analysis was performed. Methods: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Chinese BioMedical Literature (CBM), Wanfang and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases were systematically searched to identify relevant studies published up to December 2013. Data were extracted independently by two authors. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of association. Results: A total of 16 studies including 2475 HCC cases and 5381 controls were included in this meta-analysis. Overall, a significantly increased HCC risk was observed under all genetic models (G vs. A: OR = 1.383, P < 0.001, 95% CI: 1.174-1.629; GG vs. GA + AA: OR = 1.484, P < 0.001, 95% CI: 1.198-1.838; GG + GA vs. AA: OR = 1.530, P < 0.001, 95% CI: 1.217-1.924; GG vs. AA: OR = 1.958, P < 0.001, 95% CI: 1.433-2.675; GA vs. AA: OR = 1.215, P = 0.013, 95% CI: 1.041-1.418). In the subgroup analyses by ethnicity, a significant association with HCC risk was found in Asian populations (G vs. A: OR = 1.151, P = 0.001, 95% CI: 1.056-1.255), European populations (G vs. A: OR = 1.594, P = 0.027, 95% CI: 1.053-2.413, and African populations (G vs. A: OR = 3.599, P < 0.001, 95% CI: 2.550-5.080), respectively. Conclusions: Our study shows that EGF +61A/G polymorphism is significantly associated with the increased HCC risk, especially in Asian populations. Further large-scale and well-designed studies are required to confirm this conclusion. © Jiang et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Source


Chen W.,Key Laboratory of Combined Multi organ Transplantation of Ministry of Public Health | Chen W.,Zhejiang University | Liang L.,Key Laboratory of Combined Multi organ Transplantation of Ministry of Public Health | Liang L.,Zhejiang University | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia) | Year: 2011

Background and Aim: Small-for-size grafts are prone to mechanical injury and a series of chemical injuries that are related to hemodynamic force. Hepatic stellate cells activate and trans-differentiate into contractile myofibroblast-like cells during liver injury. However, the role of hepatic stellate cells on sinusoidal microcirculation is unknown with small-for-size grafts. Methods: Thirty-five percent of small-for-size liver transplantation was performed with rats as donors and recipients. Endothelin-1 levels as well as hepatic stellate cells activation-related protein expression, endothelin-1 receptors, and ultrastructural changes were examined. The cellular localizations of two types of endothelin-1 receptors were detected. Furthermore, liver function and sinusoidal microcirculation were analyzed using two different selective antagonists of endothelin-1 receptor. Results: Intragraft expression of hepatic stellate cells activation-related protein such as desmin, crystallin-B and smooth muscle α-actin was upregulated as well as serum endothelin-1 levels and intragraft expression of the two endothelin receptors. The antagonist to endothelin-1 A receptor not to the endothelin-1 B receptor could attenuate microcirculatory disturbance and improve liver function. Conclusions: Small-for-size liver transplantation displayed increased hepatic stellate cells activation and high level of endothelin-1 binding to upregulation of endothelin-1 A receptor on hepatic stellate cells, which contracted hepatic sinusoid inducing graft injury manifested as reduction of sinusoidal perfusion rate and elevation of sinusoidal blood flow. © 2011 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

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