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Peng C.,Chongqing Medical University | Peng C.,Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders | Peng C.,Cooperation Technology | Zhu J.,Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background: Cardiovascular malformations can be caused by abnormalities in Gata4 expression during fetal development. In a previous study, we demonstrated that ethanol exposure could lead to histone hyperacetylation and Gata4 over-expression in fetal mouse hearts. However, the potential mechanisms of histone hyperacetylation and Gata4 over-expression induced by ethanol remain unclear. Methods and Results: Pregnant mice were gavaged with ethanol or saline. Fetal mouse hearts were collected for analysis. The results of ethanol fed groups showed that global HAT activity was unusually high in the hearts of fetal mice while global HDAC activity remained unchanged. Binding of P300, CBP, PCAF, SRC1, but not GCN5, were increased on the Gata4 promoter relative to the saline treated group. Increased acetylation of H3K9 and increased mRNA expression of Gata4, α-MHC, cTnT were observed in these hearts. Treatment with the pan-histone acetylase inhibitor, anacardic acid, reduced the binding of P300, PCAF to the Gata4 promoter and reversed H3K9 hyperacetylation in the presence of ethanol. Interestingly, anacardic acid attenuated over-expression of Gata4, α-MHC and cTnT in fetal mouse hearts exposed to ethanol. Conclusions: Our results suggest that P300 and PCAF may be critical regulatory factors that mediate Gata4 over-expression induced by ethanol exposure. Alternatively, P300, PCAF and Gata4 may coordinate over-expression of cardiac downstream genes in mouse hearts exposed to ethanol. Anacardic acid may thus protect against ethanol-induced Gata4, α-MHC, cTnT over-expression by inhibiting the binding of P300 and PCAF to the promoter region of these genes. © 2014 Peng et al. Source

Peng W.,309th Hospital of PLA | Huang X.,309th Hospital of PLA | Yang D.,Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders | Yang D.,Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing | Yang D.,Chongqing Medical University
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2014

An increasing number of T-cell epitopes derived from various tumor-associated antigens have been reported, and they proved to play significant roles for tumor rejection both in vivo and in vitro. Over 85% of Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors (ESFTs) express tumor-specific chimeric protein EWS/FLI-1, making it an attractive target for therapeutic cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses. Here, we identified a novel peptide epitope derived from the EWS/FLI-1 protein and demonstrated that effectors induced by the peptide could specifically secrete IFN-γ and lyse the tumor cell line of EWS/FLI-1-positive and HLA-matched cells. In addition, mice treated with dendritic cells pulsed with the EWS/FLI-1 epitope were able to reject a lethal tumor inoculation of the Ewing's sarcoma A673 cells. Therefore, these data provide evidence for the use of the EWS/FLI-l peptide epitope in T cell-based immunotherapeutic concepts against Ewing's sarcoma cell in vitro and in vivo. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Lihua L.,Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders | Lihua L.,Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing | Jianhui W.,Second Street | Jialin Y.,Second Street | And 6 more authors.
Polish Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2013

The Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterial pathogen is reputed for its resistance to multiple antibiotics, and this property is strongly associated with the development of biofilms. Bacterial biofilms form by aggregation of microorganisms on a solid surface and secretion of an extracellular polysaccharide substances that acts as a physical protection barrier for the encased bacteria. In addition, the P. aeruginosa quorum-sensing system contributes to antibiotic resistance by regulating the expression of several virulence factors, including exotoxin A, elastase, pyoverdin and rhamnolipid. The organosulfur compound allicin, derived from garlic, has been shown to inhibit both surface-adherence of bacteria and production of virulence factors. In this study, the effects of allicin on P. aeruginosa biofilm formation and the production of quorum-sensing controlled virulence factors were investigated. The results demonstrated that allicin could inhibit early bacterial adhesion, reduce EPS secretion, and down-regulate virulence factors' production. Collectively, these findings suggest the potential of allicin as a therapeutic agent for controlling P. aeruginosa biofilm. Source

Xu L.-J.,Chongqing Medical University | Xu L.-J.,Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders | Xu L.-J.,Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing CSTC2009CA5002 | Xu L.-J.,Cooperation Technology | And 7 more authors.
Virology Journal | Year: 2013

Background: Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is one of the major causative agents of viral encephalitis in East Asia, Southeast Asia and Australia. However, no clinical JEV strain has yet been isolated from JE patients in Chongqing, China. In this study, we report the genomic analysis of a new JEV strain, CQ11-66, isolated from a pediatric patient in Chongqing, China. Findings. Virus isolation was carried out in BHK-21 cells. Nested PCR was used to detect and isolate the JEV strain, and computer analysis of phylogenetic relationships, nucleic acid homology studies and deduction of the amino acid sequence were conducted using ClustalX (1.8) and Mega5 software. The JEV strain CQ11-66 was isolated from patient cerebrospinal fluid. The sequenced genome of CQ11-66 was 10,863 nucleotides in length, whereas other strains, such as SX09S-01, contain 10,965 nucleotides. Sequence comparison of the CQ11-66 polyprotein open reading frame (ORF) with those of 21 other JEV strains revealed that the nucleotide sequence divergence ranged from 1.68% to 18.46%. Sequence analysis of the full-length CQ11-66 E gene sequence with those of 30 other JEV isolates also identified nucleotide divergence, ranging from 1.69% to 18.74%. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the CQ11-66 strain belonged to genotype III. Conclusions: JEV genotype III still circulates in Chongqing and it is therefore important for active surveillance of JEV genotype III to be conducted in the pediatric population. © 2013 Xu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Hu Y.,Chongqing Medical University | Hu Y.,Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders | Hu Y.,Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing | Hu Y.,Cooperation Technology | And 10 more authors.
Child's Nervous System | Year: 2012

Objective The expression of 2-amino-3-(5-methyl-3-oxo-1, 2-oxazol-4-yl) propanoic acid receptor (AMPAR) subunits in the hippocampus of naive immature and adult rats (IRs, ARs) was investigated after status convulsion (SC). Methods Seizures were induced in IRs and ARs with intraperitonealinjections of lithium and pilocarpine. Rats were killed at four time points (3 h, 1 day, 3 days, and 7 days) after SC. The proportion of apoptotic cells was quantified by Annexin VFITC apoptosis detection. The location and type of apoptotic cells were assessed by using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling staining. Immunoblotting techniques were used to demonstrate changes in AMPAR subunit expression. Results Severe seizures induced neuronal apoptosis in the hippocampus. The proportion of apoptotic cells in IRs was consistently lower than that in ARs after SC. The expressions of four AMPAR subunits in IRs were consistently lower than those in ARs before and after SC. SC for 1 h inhibited the expression of glutamate receptors (GluR1-4) in the hippocampus of IRs and ARs and altered the subunit composition of AMPARs. GluR2 was the predominant AMPAR subunit in the hippocampus of normal ARs, while the GluR2/3 subunits were predominantly expressed 7 days after SC. GluR3/4 subunits were mainly expressed in the hippocampus of normal IRs, which had the lowest levels of GluR2. Conclusions Immature brain was more resistant to seizureinduced neural damage. The time course of reduction and recovery differed for each subunit and was dependent on developmental stage. The increased expression of GluR2 could confer early but transient protection in the immature brain after SC. © Springer-Verlag 2012. Source

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