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Chen X.,Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding
Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji | Year: 2012

The Northeast Agricultural University broiler lines divergently selected for abdominal fat content (NEAUHLF) were used in the current study to investigate the effects of Retinoblastoma1 (RB1) gene on chicken body weight (BW). The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the individuals were detected by MALDI-TOF-MS and PCR-RFLP methods and the genotypes of 27 SNPs were obtained. Haplotypes were constructed by liding window approach. Association analysis between single SNPs and haplotypes and body weight were conducted, respectively. Based on the results of single SNPs and haplotype association analyses. Four SNPs with significant effects on body weight at 1 week of age (BW1) and 2 SNPs with significant effects on BW1 and BW3 were determined. These results suggested that RB1 is an important candidate gene that affects chicken early growth and development.

Zhang H.,Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding | Zhang H.,Northeast Agricultural University | Wang S.-Z.,Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding | Wang S.-Z.,Northeast Agricultural University | And 15 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2012

Background: Genomic regions controlling abdominal fatness (AF) were studied in the Northeast Agricultural University broiler line divergently selected for AF. In this study, the chicken 60KSNP chip and extended haplotype homozygosity (EHH) test were used to detect genome-wide signatures of AF.Results: A total of 5357 and 5593 core regions were detected in the lean and fat lines, and 51 and 57 reached a significant level (P<0.01), respectively. A number of genes in the significant core regions, including RB1, BBS7, MAOA, MAOB, EHBP1, LRP2BP, LRP1B, MYO7A, MYO9A and PRPSAP1, were detected. These genes may be important for AF deposition in chickens.Conclusions: We provide a genome-wide map of selection signatures in the chicken genome, and make a contribution to the better understanding the mechanisms of selection for AF content in chickens. The selection for low AF in commercial breeding using this information will accelerate the breeding progress. © 2012 Zhang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Zhang H.,Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding | Zhang H.,Northeast Agricultural University | Wang Z.,Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding | Wang Z.,Northeast Agricultural University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

Domestic animals are invaluable resources for study of the molecular architecture of complex traits. Although the mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) responsible for economically important traits in domestic animals has achieved remarkable results in recent decades, not all of the genetic variation in the complex traits has been captured because of the low density of markers used in QTL mapping studies. The genome wide association study (GWAS), which utilizes high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), provides a new way to tackle this issue. Encouraging achievements in dissection of the genetic mechanisms of complex diseases in humans have resulted from the use of GWAS. At present, GWAS has been applied to the field of domestic animal breeding and genetics, and some advances have been made. Many genes or markers that affect economic traits of interest in domestic animals have been identified. In this review, advances in the use of GWAS in domestic animals are described. © 2012 Zhang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Zhang Z.,Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding | Zhang Z.,Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics | Zhang Z.,Northeast Agricultural University | Wang H.,Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding | And 12 more authors.
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica | Year: 2013

Krü ppel-like factor 7 (Klf7) has been extensively studied in the mammalian species, but its function in avian species is unclear. The objective of this study was to reveal the function of chicken Klf7 (Gallus gallus Klf7, gKlf7) in adipogenesis. The results of real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that the relative mRNA level of chicken Klf7 (gKlf7/gb-Actin) in the abdominal adipose tissue was significantly associated with the abdominal fat content and the age of broilers (P < 0.05), and gKlf7 was more highly expressed in preadipocytes than in mature adipocytes (P < 0.05). In addition, Oil red O staining showed that gKlf7 inhibited chicken preadipocyte differentiation, and MTT assay indicated that gKlf7 overexpression promoted preadipocyte proliferation. Additionally, luciferase assays showed that gKlf7 overexpression suppressed the chicken CCAAT/enhancerbinding protein a (C/ebpa), fatty acid synthase (Fasn), and lipoprotein lipase (Lpl) promoter activities (P < 0.05), and gKlf7 knockdown increased the chicken peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor g (Pparg), C/ebpa and fatty acid-binding protein 4 (Fabp4) promoter activities (P < 0.05). Together, our study demonstrated that chicken Klf7 inhibits preadipocyte differentiation and promotes preadipocyte proliferation. © The Author 2013.

Zhang H.,Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding | Zhang H.,Northeast Agricultural University | Hu X.,China Agricultural University | Wang Z.,Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding | And 20 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

We conducted a selection signature analysis using the chicken 60k SNP chip in two chicken lines that had been divergently selected for abdominal fat content (AFC) for 11 generations. The selection signature analysis used multiple signals of selection, including long-range allele frequency differences between the lean and fat lines, long-range heterozygosity changes, linkage disequilibrium, haplotype frequencies, and extended haplotype homozygosity. Multiple signals of selection identified ten signatures on chromosomes 1, 2, 4, 5, 11, 15, 20, 26 and Z. The 0.73 Mb PC1/PCSK1 region of the Z chromosome at 55.43-56.16 Mb was the most heavily selected region. This region had 26 SNP markers and seven genes, Mar-03, SLC12A2, FBN2, ERAP1, CAST, PC1/PCSK1 and ELL2, where PC1/PCSK1 are the chicken/human names for the same gene. The lean and fat lines had two main haplotypes with completely opposite SNP alleles for the 26 SNP markers and were virtually line-specific, and had a recombinant haplotype with nearly equal frequency (0.193 and 0.196) in both lines. Other haplotypes in this region had negligible frequencies. Nine other regions with selection signatures were PAH-IGF1, TRPC4, GJD4-CCNY, NDST4, NOVA1, GALNT9, the ESRP2-GALR1 region with five genes, the SYCP2-CADH4 with six genes, and the TULP1-KIF21B with 14 genes. Genome-wide association analysis showed that nearly all regions with evidence of selection signature had SNP effects with genome-wide significance (P<10-6) on abdominal fat weight and percentage. The results of this study provide specific gene targets for the control of chicken AFC and a potential model of AFC in human obesity. © 2012 Zhang et al.

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