Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education

Shanghai, China

Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education

Shanghai, China
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Hou J.-K.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Huang Y.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education | He W.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education | Yan Z.-W.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education | And 7 more authors.
Cell Death and Disease | Year: 2014

Adenanthin, a natural diterpenoid isolated from the leaves of Isodon adenanthus, has recently been reported to induce leukemic cell differentiation by targeting peroxiredoxins (Prx) I and II. On the other hand, increasing lines of evidence propose that these Prx proteins would become potential targets to screen drugs for the prevention and treatment of solid tumors. Therefore, it is of significance to explore the potential activities of adenanthin on solid tumor cells. Here, we demonstrate that Prx I protein is essential for the survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, and adenanthin can kill these malignant liver cells in vitro and xenografts. We also show that the cell death-inducing activity of adenanthin on HCC cells is mediated by the increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Furthermore, the silencing of Prx I or Prx II significantly enhances the cytotoxic activity of adenanthin on HCC, whereas the ectopic expression of Prx I and Prx II but not their mutants of adenanthin-bound cysteines can rescue adenanthin-induced cytotoxicity in Prxs-silenced HCC cells. Taken together, our results propose that adenanthin targets Prx I/II to kill HCC cells and its therapeutic significance warrants to be further explored in HCC patients. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education and Shanghai JiaoTong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer | Year: 2015

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are emerging as a hot topic for cancer research. Lung CSCs share many characteristics with normal lung stem cells (SCs), including self-renewal and multi-potency for differentiation. Many molecular markers expressed in various types of CSCs were also found in lung CSCs, such as CD133, CD44, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) and ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2). Similarly, proliferation and expansion of lung CSCs are regulated not only by signal transduction pathways functioning in normal lung SCs, such as Notch, Hedgehog and Wnt pathways, but also by those acting in tumor cells, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) pathways. As CSC plays an critical role in tumor recurrence, metastasis and drug-resistance, understanding the difference between lung CSCs and normal lung SCs, identifying and targeting CSC markers or related signaling pathways may increase the efficacy of therapy on lung cancer and improved survival of lung cancer patients.


Xu Y.,CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences | Xu Y.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education | Li J.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education | Zuo Y.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education | And 4 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2011

SUMO conjugation emerges as an important mechanism in regulating protein localization, stability and activity. SUMOylation is a dynamic process and can be reversed by a family of sentrin/SUMO-specific proteases (SENPs). However, the biological roles of SENPs in cellular processes are largely unknown. Here, we show that SENP1, a member of SENP family, is overexpressed in most of colon cancer tissues. Silencing of SENP1 expression inhibits cell growth with G1 arrest in vitro and in nude mice and colony formation in colon cancer cell line DLD-1, suggesting that SENP1 is essential for cell growth in the colon cancer cell line. Accordingly, silencing of SENP1 results in upregulation of CDK inhibitors such as p16, p19, p21 and p27. These results suggest that SENP1 might play a role in cell cycle regulation of colon cancer cells. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


PubMed | Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences and CAS Kunming Institute of Botany
Type: | Journal: Cell death & disease | Year: 2014

Adenanthin, a natural diterpenoid isolated from the leaves of Isodon adenanthus, has recently been reported to induce leukemic cell differentiation by targeting peroxiredoxins (Prx) I and II. On the other hand, increasing lines of evidence propose that these Prx proteins would become potential targets to screen drugs for the prevention and treatment of solid tumors. Therefore, it is of significance to explore the potential activities of adenanthin on solid tumor cells. Here, we demonstrate that Prx I protein is essential for the survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, and adenanthin can kill these malignant liver cells in vitro and xenografts. We also show that the cell death-inducing activity of adenanthin on HCC cells is mediated by the increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Furthermore, the silencing of Prx I or Prx II significantly enhances the cytotoxic activity of adenanthin on HCC, whereas the ectopic expression of Prx I and Prx II but not their mutants of adenanthin-bound cysteines can rescue adenanthin-induced cytotoxicity in Prxs-silenced HCC cells. Taken together, our results propose that adenanthin targets Prx I/II to kill HCC cells and its therapeutic significance warrants to be further explored in HCC patients.

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