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Zhu S.,University of Sichuan | Zhu S.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | Zhu S.,Xuzhou Medical College | Wan L.,University of Sichuan | And 3 more authors.
Protein Expression and Purification | Year: 2016

The CD40-mediated immune response contributes to a wide variety of chronic inflammatory diseases. CD40 antagonists have potential as novel therapies for immune disorders. However, the CD40 pathway has not been well characterized in the rhesus monkey Macaca mulatta, which is a valuable animal model for human immune disease. An 834 bp transcript was cloned from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of rhesus monkey using specific primers designed according to the predicted sequence of M. mulatta CD40 (mmCD40) in GenBank. Sequence analysis demonstrated that mmCD40 is highly homologous to human CD40 (hCD40), with an amino acid sequence identity of 94%. Genes encoding the extracellular domain of mmCD40 and the Fc fragment of the hIgG1 were inserted into a pPIC9K plasmid to produce mmCD40Ig by Pichia pastoris. Approximately 15-20 mg of the mmCD40Ig protein with ∼90% purity could be recovered from 1 L of culture. The purified mmCD40Ig protein can form dimers and can specifically bind CD40L-positive cells. Additionally, the mmCD40Ig protein can bind hCD40L protein in phosphate buffered saline and form a stable combination in a size-exclusion chromatography assay using a Superdex 200 column. Moreover, mmCD40Ig is as efficient as M. mulatta CTLA4Ig (mmCTLA4Ig) to suppress Con A-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation. Additionally, mmCD40Ig only showed mild immunosuppressive activity in a one-way mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) system. These results suggest that mmCD40Ig secreted by P. pastoris was productive and functional, and it could be used as a tool for pathogenesis and therapies for chronic inflammatory diseases in a M. mulatta model. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Qiao J.,Xuzhou Medical College | Qiao J.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | Fu J.,Xuzhou Medical College | Fu J.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | And 14 more authors.
Experimental and Molecular Pathology | Year: 2015

Pre-conditioning regimens before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), such as total body irradiation (TBI) or busulfan/cyclophosphamide (BU/CY), are associated with hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD). However, the mechanism of these regimens on hepatic veno-occlusive disease remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of TBI or BU/CY on HVOD in mice after HSCT. Mice received TBI or BU/CY followed by HSCT. Analysis of liver pathology and function, and platelet aggregation were performed. Both these regimens caused damage to liver sinusoid endothelial cells, leading to loss of normal structural integrity of liver sinusoid, abnormal liver function, fibrin deposition, inflammatory cells infiltration and platelet aggregation. No differences of liver function in these regimens were observed. Increased hepatic lipid droplets, mitochondrial swelling and higher incidence of HVOD were observed in BU/CY. In conclusion, both TBI and BU/CY caused damage to liver sinusoid endothelial cells and occurrence of HVOD with higher incidence for BU/CY. Meanwhile, inflammation and platelet activation was also observed, suggesting targeting them maybe beneficial in the prophylaxis of HVOD. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.


Qiao J.,Xuzhou Medical College | Qiao J.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | Qi K.,Xuzhou Medical College | Chu P.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 14 more authors.
Liver International | Year: 2015

Background & Aims: Injury to liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) is thought to be the initial factor for Hepatic veno-occlusive disease, a severe complication after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have the capacity to differentiate into endothelial cells and play a critical role in vasculogenesis, tissue regeneration and repair. Whether EPCs infusion ameliorates LSECs injury remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of EPCs on liver injury in mice after HSCT. Methods: Mice received HSCT without or with EPCs infusion (HSCT + EPCs). Untreated mice were used as control. Liver and whole blood were collected post HSCT and used for the analysis of pathology of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and hepatocytes, liver ultrastructure, function, level of IL-6, TNF-α and platelet activation. Results: Severe LSECs injury, hepatocyte damage, abnormal liver function was observed in HSCT group. In addition, increased P-selectin expression and secretion of IL-6, TNF-α was also found. However, all the above changes were alleviated in HSCT + EPCs at all the time points and normalized at the endpoint. Meanwhile, EPCs-induced repair of LSECs and hepatocytes was totally inhibited by the addition of anti-VE-cadherin antibody. Conclusions: EPCs infusion ameliorated the damage to LSECs and hepatocytes as well as reduced secretion of IL-6, TNF-α and inhibited platelet activation after HSCT, leading to improved liver function, suggesting EPCs might be a new therapeutic strategy in the prophylaxis of liver injury after HSCT. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


Fu C.,Xuzhou Medical College | Fu C.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | Gong Y.,Xuzhou Medical College | Shi X.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 10 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2016

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in Western countries, and mainly originates from an accumulation of abnormal B cells caused by the dysregulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis rates. The aberration of apoptosis-related genes in CLL cells results in defective apoptosis of CLL cells in response to traditional therapeutic medicine. Plumbagin (5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1, 4-naphthoquinone), a natural compound from Plumbago zeylinica, has been shown to exhibit pro-apoptotic activities in tumor cells. In the present study, we report that plumbagin effectively inhibited CLL cell viability with a lower dose compared to fludarabine, and inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, plumbagin promoted accumulation of MEC-1 cells in the S phase, and blocked cell cycle transition of HG3 cells from G0/G1 to S phase. Molecularly, plumbagin markedly induced CLL cell apoptosis through reduction of Bcl-2, but through an increase in the Bax protein level. These results suggest that plumbagin may be considered as a potential anticancer agent for CLL therapy.


Zhao K.,Xuzhou Medical College | Zhao K.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | Yin L.-L.,Xuzhou Medical College | Zhao D.-M.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 12 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2014

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal disease from hematopoietic stem cells. Surviving leukemia stem cells (LSCs) and progenitor cells are a potential source for CML relapse and progression. Recent data reported that IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL1RAP) gene was differentially expressed in CML versus normal stem and progenitor cells. However, whether the level of IL1RAP is associated with clinical phases of CML, and correlations between IL1RAP expression and detections of diagnosis is still unclear. Here we demonstrated that IL1RAP was up-regulated in CD34+ and CD34+CD38- cells which highly enriched with stem cells. Furthermore, IL1RAP expression in CD34+CD38- cells was tightly consistent with the generation of BCR-ABL fusion gene and Philadelphia chromosome. Importantly, we found that the level of IL1RAP increased with disease progression from chronic phase (CP) into accelerated phase (AP) and blast phase (BP), which was investigated not only in new diagnosed CML patients but also in patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and hydroxyurea. Negative correlation was detected between IL1RAP expression and neutrophil (NE), whereas no relation was found in white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte (LY), red blood cell (RBC), platelet (PLT), age or gender of CML patients. In conclusion, we identified IL1RAP as a surface marker of LSCs may be a potential indicator for CML clinical phases. © 2014, Int J Clin Exp Med. All rights reserved.


Qiao J.,Xuzhou Medical College | Qiao J.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | Liu Y.,Xuzhou Medical College | Wu Y.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 18 more authors.
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2015

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disease, characterized by dysregulation of cellular immunity. Previous studies demonstrated that immune imbalance between Th1 and Th2 was associated with the pathogenesis of ITP. Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) is a member of the runt domain-containing family of transcription factors and plays an important role in the regulation of T cell differentiation into Th1 cells. Whether RUNX3 was involved in the pathogenesis of ITP remains unclear. In this study, 47 active ITP patients, 18 ITP with remission and 26 age and gender matched healthy control were included. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from ITP and control for isolation of RNA and plasma which were used to measure mRNA level of RUNX3 and T-box transcription factor (T-bet) by quantitative real-time PCR and interferon γ (IFN-γ) plasma level by ELISA. Meanwhile, protein was also extracted from PBMCs for Western blot analysis of RUNX3 expression. Our results showed a significantly higher expression of RUNX3, T-bet and plasma level of IFN-γ in active ITP patients compared to control. No differences were observed between ITP with remission and control. Furthermore, a positive correlation of RUNX3 with T-bet was found in active ITP patients. In conclusion, aberrant expression of RUNX3 was associated with the pathogenesis of ITP and therapeutically targeting it might be a novel approach in ITP treatment. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Qiao J.,Xuzhou Medical College | Qiao J.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | Wu J.,Xuzhou Medical College | Wu J.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | And 16 more authors.
Clinical Immunology | Year: 2016

Conditioning regimens before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), cause damage to bone marrow and inflammation. Whether inflammasomes are involved in bone marrow inflammation remains unclear. The study aims to evaluate the role of inflammasomes in bone marrow inflammation after HSCT. On days 7, 14, 21 and 28 after HSCT, mice were sacrificed for analysis of bone marrow inflammation, pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion, inflammasomes expression and caspase-1 activation. Bone marrow inflammation with neutrophils and macrophages infiltration was observed after HSCT. Secretion of IL-1β, IL-18, TNF-α and IL-6 were elevated, with increased caspase-1 activation and inflammasomes expression. Caspase-1 inhibitor administration after HSCT significantly reduced infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages into bone marrow and increased the numbers of megakaryocytes and platelets. In conclusion, inflammasomes activation is involved in bone marrow inflammation after HSCT and caspase-1 inhibition attenuates bone marrow inflammation and promoted hematopoietic reconstitution, suggesting targeting caspase-1 might be beneficial for improving HSCT outcomes. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.


Fu C.,Xuzhou Medical College | Fu C.,Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell | Gong Y.,Xuzhou Medical College | Shi X.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 6 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2016

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in Western countries, and mainly originates from an accumulation of abnormal B cells caused by the dysregulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis. The aberration of proliferation-related gene in CLL cells induces cell arrest at G0/G1 phase, or a small section shows rapid cell growth, which further complicates the pathogenesis of CLL. The constitutively photomorphogenic 1 (COP1), as an E3 ubiquitin ligase, is involved in many biological processes in mammalian cells, but its role in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) progression remains unclear. In the present study, we analyzed the expression of COP1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 23 CLL patients and 3 healthy donors. The observed upregulated expression of COP1 in CLL patients was positively correlated with CLL clinical stage and ZAP-70 expression, but not del(13q14) and del(17q-). Overexpression of COP1 significantly promoted cell colony formation and proliferation, especially contributing to the accumulation of cells in S-phase by inhibition of FoxO1 and p21. Moreover, overexpression of COP1 accelerated tumorigenicity of HG3 cells and promoted xenograft growth. Therefore, the present study revealed that COP1 plays an important role in CLL cell proliferation and tumorigenicity, and may be a useful indicator of the chronic lymphocytic leukemia processes.


PubMed | Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell and Xuzhou Medical College
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of NLRP3 inflammasome on BU/CY-induced liver inflammation in mice after HSCT. HSCT mice model was established through infusion of 5 10(6) bone marrow mononuclear cells after conditioned with BU/CY. On day 7, 14, 21 and 28 after HSCT, mice were sacrificed for analysis of liver inflammation, cytokine secretion, NLRP3 expression and caspase-1 activation as well as release of ATP and high-mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1). Furthermore, NLRP3 selective inhibitor (BAY 11-7082) was administrated into mice after HSCT to evaluate its effects on liver inflammation. Severe liver inflammation and damage with elevated secretion of IL-1 and IL-18 were found in mice after HSCT. Meanwhile, elevated expressions of NLRP3 and caspase-1 activation in liver were found. In addition, increased release of ATP and HMGB1 were observed. Selective inhibition of NLRP3 decreased caspase-1 activation and secretion of IL-1 and IL-18. Furthermore, NLRP3 inhibition also reduced infiltration of macrophages and neutrophils and improved liver function. In conclusion, NLRP3 was involved in BU/CY-induced liver inflammation after HSCT and selectively inhibited it ameliorated liver inflammation and improved liver function, suggesting targeting NLRP3 might be a new approach in the prophylaxis of liver inflammation after HSCT.


PubMed | Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell and Xuzhou Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular medicine reports | Year: 2016

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) as the predominant complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains to be fully understood. It is known that the cytokines produced by allogeneic reactive effector CD4+ and CD8+ T cells are involved in GVHD. However, the regulation and coordination of IFN--producing and IL-17-producing effector T cells remain unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the dynamic changes of alloantigen-specific effector CD4+ T and CD8+ T cell subsets by flow cytometry, which produce inflammatory cytokines involved in the multistep GVHD pathogenesis progress. The results demonstrated that IL-17-producing CD8+ T (Tc17) cells and IFN-+CD8+ T (Tc1) cells were detected in the early stage of GVHD. The differentiation of CD4+ T cells into Th1 cell (IFN-+CD4+ T) and Th17 (IL-17+CD4+ T) cells was later than that of the Tc1 and Tc17 cells. The effector CD4+ T and CD8+ T cell subsets either became exhausted or became memory cells, exhibiting a CD62L-CD44+ phenotype following marked expansion during GVHD. Furthermore, T cell-associated type I (IL-2 and IFN-) and type II (IL-4 and IL-10) classical cytokines exhibited coordinated dynamic regulation. It was concluded that the differentiation of cytokine-producing Tc1 and Tc17 cells may be the key step in the initiation of GVHD, whereas CD4+ effector Th1 and Th17 cells are considered to be pathophysiological factors leading to the continuous aggravation of GVHD.

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