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Xiong W.,Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Resource Utilization | Xiong W.,Dalian Nationalities University | Quan C.,Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Resource Utilization | Quan C.,Dalian Nationalities University | And 8 more authors.
Gaodeng Xuexiao Huaxue Xuebao/Chemical Journal of Chinese Universities | Year: 2014

AgrC is a membrane-embedded histidine kinase in Staphylococcus aureus that is thought to act as a sensor for the recognition of environmental signals and the transduction of signals into the cytoplasm so as to regulate and control a series of related pathogenic gene expression. However, for the complexity of cell membrane, it turns to be difficult to study AgrC on bacterial cell membrane directly. Many researches tried to take advantage of proteoliposome which could provide an approximate natural membrane environment and keep the protein activity to study the structure and function of membrane proteins. In order to build a transmembrane protein incorporation system with a relatively high incorporation efficiency, function activity and stability, various factors were considered, such as the impact of different charge polarity head on protein transmembrane incorporation efficiency. Here, four kinds of different charged liposomes were prepared by changing the phospholipid components in liposome and a detergent-mediated method was used to reconstitute truncated AgrC protein (AgrCTM6-7C) into them. The results showed that negatively charged liposomes leaded to a higher incorporation efficiency compared with the positively charged one and about 60%-70% C-terminal cytoplasmic domain of AgrCTM6-7C protein reconstituted into negatively charged liposomes were outside-orientated which remained a highly kinase activity. Furthermore, from circular dichroism detection result, we can draw a conclusion that liposome has certain protective effect on AgrCTM6-7C protein secondary structure and improve the thermal stability of the protein.

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