Zhang H.,Northwest University, China |
Zhang H.,Key Laboratory of Biological Technology |
Wang Y.,Northwest University, China |
Wang Y.,Key Laboratory of Biological Technology |
And 6 more authors.
Molecular Reproduction and Development
The goal of this study was to improve the development of bovine somatic-cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos by optimizing the combination of DNA methyltransferases inhibitor S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) and histone deacetylase inhibitor Scriptaid (SPD). A. 4×4-factor design of different drug combinations (0, 0.75, 1.0, and 1.5mM SAH and 0, 5, 250, and 500nM SPD) was used to identify an optimal combination of 0.75mM SAH and 250nM SPD that improved the developmental competence of bovine SCNT embryos. Further experiments using this combination revealed that methylation levels of CpG islands near exon 1 of the pluripotent gene SOX2; the epigenetic-related gene HDAC3 and DNMT3a; imprinted genes XIST and PEG3; as well as apoptosis-related genes BCL2 and BAX were returned to levels similar to those of in vitro fertilized (IVF) embryo after treatment, which also normalized transcript levels for these genes. This combination also returned global DNA methylation to a normal level, correcting H4K12ac levels while enhancing H3K9ac levels. Thus, the combined application of 0.75mM SAH and 250nM SPD can significantly improve the reprogramming of bovine SCNT embryos by stabilizing how embryos utilize their genomes. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source