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Jiang Q.-H.,Dongyang Peoples Hospital | Peng H.-X.,Nanjing Southeast University | Peng H.-X.,Central Laboratory | Zhang Y.,Hubei Key Laboratory of Biological Targeted Therapy | And 3 more authors.
OncoTargets and Therapy | Year: 2015

rs712 within 3′-untranslated region of KRAS can affect the specific binding between the mRNA and its targeted microRNAs, leading to the activation of KRAS oncogene. However, the possible association between the locus and susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. We investigated genotypes of the locus in 586 cases and 476 controls to explore the possible association between them. Results of our case-control study showed that genotypes TT (6.5% vs 2.5%, P=0.002, adjusted odds ratio [OR] =2.810, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.342-5.488) and GT/TT (36.5% vs 30.5%, P=0.038, adjusted OR =1.342, 95% CI =1.030-1.712) and allele T (21.5% vs 6.5%, P=0.004, adjusted OR =1.328, 95% CI =1.105-1.722) of rs712 were significantly associated with an increased risk of CRC, and the significant association was also observed in the recessive model (TT vs GG/GT, 6.5% vs 2.5%, P=0.003, adjusted OR =0.372, 95% CI =0.191-0.725). However, there was no association between genotype GT and risk of CRC (30.0% vs 28.0%, P=0.235, adjusted OR =1.210, 95% CI =0.903-1.548). Furthermore, genotype GT (P=0.003) and allele T (P=0.003) were significantly associated with poor differentiation, and genotypes GT and TT and allele T were significantly associated with tumor-node-metastases stage III (P=0.001 for GT vs GG, P<0.001 for TT vs GG, and P<0.001 for T vs G) and node metastasis (P<0.001 for GT vs GG, P=0.001 for TT vs GG, and P<0.001 for T vs G), respectively. These findings indicated that allele T and genotypes TT and GT/TT of rs712 might be susceptible factors for CRC, and mutated allele and genotypes of the locus might predict a poor clinical outcome in Chinese population. © 2015 Jiang et al. Source

Yin T.,HUST | Yin T.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Yin T.,Hubei Key Laboratory of Biological Targeted Therapy | Wei H.,HUST | And 8 more authors.
Chemotherapy | Year: 2011

Background/Aims: The polycomb protein Bmi-1 plays oncogenic roles in various cancers. Here we aimed to investigate the contribution of Bmi-1 on the malignant behaviors of pancreatic cancer such as chemoresistance, invasion and tumorigenesis. Methods and Results: The MTT cell proliferation assay showed that shRNA mediated Bmi-1 knockdown and enhanced the chemosensitivity of pancreatic cancer cells to gemcitabine. The transwell invasion assay showed that Bmi-1 knockdown inhibited the invasion of pancreatic cancer cells in vitro. Notably, the reduced abilities of chemoresistance and invasion were associated with the transition from the mesenchymal phenotype to the epithelial phenotype of pancreatic cancer cells. Moreover, Bmi-1 knockdown led to the inhibition of the PI3K-Akt pathway and disrupted the sphere-forming abilities of pancreatic cancer cells. A nude mouse xenograft experiment demonstrated that pancreatic cancer cells depleted of Bmi-1 showed weak tumorigenicity in vivo. Conclusion: Our data suggest that Bmi-1 plays an important role in the progression of pancreatic cancer and represents a novel target for antitumor therapy of pancreatic cancer. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Yin T.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Yin T.,Hubei Key Laboratory of Biological Targeted Therapy | Wei H.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Gou S.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2011

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies with poor prognosis. Previously, we found that a subpopulation of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in the Panc-1 pancreatic cancer cell line could propagate to form spheres. Here we characterized the malignant phenotypes of the pancreatic cancer stem CD44+/CD24+ cells, which were enriched under sphere forming conditions as analyzed by flow cytometry. These cells demonstrated increased resistance to gemcitabine and increased migration ability. Moreover, these cells exhibited epithelial to mesenchymal transition characterized by a decreased level of the epithelial marker E-cadherin and an increased level of the mesenchymal marker vimentin. Notably, abnormal expression of Bmi-1, ABCG2, Cyclin D1 and p16 were found in Panc-1 CSCs. Our results suggest that targeted inhibition of CSCs represents a novel therapeutic approach to overcome chemoresistance and metastasis of pancreatic cancer. © 2011 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

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