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Du L.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Du L.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Du L.,Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases | Du L.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | And 11 more authors.
BioMed Research International

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has been mainly responsible for the catastrophic economic losses in pig industry worldwide. The commercial vaccines only provide a limited protection against PRRSV infection. Thus, the focus and direction is to develop safer and more effective vaccines in the research field of PRRS. The immune modulators are being considered to enhance the effectiveness of PRRSV vaccines. IFN-λ1 belongs to type III interferon, a new interferon family. IFN-λ1 is an important cytokine with multiple functions in innate and acquired immunity. In this study, porcine IFN-λ1 (PoIFN-λ1) was evaluated for its adjuvant effects on the immunity of a DNA vaccine carrying the GP5 gene of PRRSV. Groups of mice were immunized twice at 2-week interval with 100 μg of the plasmid DNA vaccine pcDNA3.1-SynORF5, pcDNA3.1-PoIFN-λ1-SynORF5, and the blank vector pcDNA3.1, respectively. The results showed that pcDNA3.1-PoIFN-λ1-SynORF5 can significantly enhance GP5-specific ELISA antibody, PRRSV-specific neutralizing antibody, IFN-γ level, and lymphocyte proliferation ratherthan the responses induced by pcDNA3.1-SynORF5. Therefore, type III interferon PoIFN-λ1 could enhance the immune responses of DNA vaccine of PRRSV, highlighting the potential value of PoIFN-λ1 as a molecular adjuvant in the prevention of PRRSV infection. © 2013 Luping Du et al. Source

Xie W.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Cheng A.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Cheng A.,Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases | Wang M.,Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports

Using a combination of bioinformation analysis and Dot blot technique, a gene, designated hereafter as the duck enteritis virus (DEV) UL31 gene (GenBank accession number EF643559), was identified from the DEV CHv genomic library. Then, the UL31 gene was cloned and sequenced, which was composed of 933 nucleotides encoding 310 amino acids. Multiple sequence alignment suggested that the UL31 gene was highly conserved in Alphaherpesvirinae and similar to the other herpesviral UL31. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the gene had a close evolutionary relationship with the avian herperviruses, and DEV should be placed into a single cluster within the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae. Antigen prediction indicated that several potential B-cell epitopes sites located in the UL31 protein. To further study, the UL31 gene was cloned into a pET prokaryotic expression vector and transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). A 55 kDa fusion protein was induced by the further culture at 37°C after addition of 0.8 mM IPTG. Polyclonal antibody raised against the recombinant UL31 from rabbit was prepared. A protein about 55 kDa that reacted with the antibody was detected in immunoblots of bacterial proteins, suggesting that the 55 kDa protein was the product of the UL31 gene. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that the protein was localized in very fine punctate forms in the nuclei of infected cells. Our results may provide some insight for further research about the gene and also enrich the database of herpesvirus. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009. Source

Du L.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Du L.,Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases | Du L.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | Du L.,Jiangsu Electric Power Company | And 29 more authors.
Archives of Virology

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is an economically devastating viral disease of pigs. Safer and more effective vaccines are urgently needed. In this study, a synthetic ORF5 gene of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) was adsorbed onto poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide)/polyethylenimine (PLGA/PEI) nanoparticles. We prepared a PLGA-nanoparticle-adsorbed PRRSV DNA vaccine and a PEI-DNA complex. The results showed that these model vaccines could significantly enhance humoral and cellular immune responses when compared with the responses induced by pcDNA3.1-SynORF5, a plasmid construct for expression of PRRSV ORF5. PLGA-branched PEI nanoparticles induced the most efficient immune response. The delivery system and adjuvant provide new models for the development of vaccines against PRRSV. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Wien. Source

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