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Chen S.,Zhejiang University | Ma F.,Zhejiang University | Xu A.,Zhejiang University | Wang L.,Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology | And 2 more authors.
Applied Surface Science

A series of V-doped zirconia nanocrystal (the molar ratio of V/Zr varying from 0.001 to 0.15) were prepared via hydrothermal method and performed in oxidative dehydrogenation of propane. It was found that vanadium was highly dispersed on the surface and in the bulk of ZrO2. The distribution of the vanadium species, the valence states and the aggregation state of V species on the surface, as well as the acid properties of the catalysts including kinds, number and strength were detected by the various characteristic methods. The correlation between the V content and the surroundings of the different V species has been studied. The function of acid properties, especially Brønsted acid in the catalytic performance has been discussed. Oxidative dehydrogenation reactions were carried out in a continuous flow fixed bed reactor and ZrV0.01 catalyst showed good conversion and selectivity with a yield of propylene of 21.3%. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Zhang G.,Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology | Xia Y.,Jiangsu Polytechnic University | Wang H.,Jiangsu Polytechnic University | Tao Y.,Jiangsu Polytechnic University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Composite Materials

In view of the shape and distribution of fillers, a model predicting the effective thermal conductivity of filled polymer composites is proposed on the basis of the percolation theory. Compared to other models proposed in the literatures, theoretical results obtained with the percolation model agree better with the experimental data. Methods of determining the percolation threshold Vc and the exponent n in the percolation model are also discussed. © SAGE Publications 2010. Source

Du X.,Zhejiang Sci-Tech University | Jiang G.,Zhejiang Sci-Tech University | Jiang G.,National Engineering Laboratory for Textile Fiber Materials and Processing Technology Zhejiang | Jiang G.,Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Glucose-sensitive and fluorescence copolymer micelles were designed and prepared via a combination of photoinitiated polymerization and enzymatic transesterification. The water-soluble photoinitiator and emulsifier 2-oxooctanoic acid self-polymerized dimer molecules under UV irradiation were characterized by mass spectrometry. The fluorescence dye (9-anthracene alcohol) and biocompatible hydrophilic chains [poly(ethylene glycol)] were introduced to the polymer chains during the photopolymerization and enzymatic transesterification processes. The as-prepared copolymers were confirmed by 1H-NMR spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and dynamic light scattering. The resulting copolymers exhibited excellent glucose sensitivity and stability against protein. The optical fluorescence properties of the copolymer micelles were investigated with fluorescence spectrophotometry, fluorescence microscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Because of the amphiphilic feature, the micelles could be self-assembled and used to load insulin. The controlled release of insulin was evaluated and was triggered by glucose in vitro. This study provided a new strategy for fabricating functional carriers as self-regulated insulin-release systems. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Song L.,Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology | Du P.,Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology | Xiong J.,Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology | Ko F.,Zhejiang Sci-Tech University | Cui C.,University of British Columbia
Electrochimica Acta

ZnO nanoparticles (ZNPs) and ZnO nanowires (ZNWs) were fabricated via electrospinning and calcination. The ZNPs and ZNWs were blended with different mass ratio by varying ZNWs from 0% to 100% and serviced as photoanodic film of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) via spin coating. The efficiency of these DSSCs reached a maximum of 2.6% at 20 wt% ZNWs. In order to improve the photovoltaic properties of ZNWs/ZNPs hybrid photoanodic film, the ZNWs/ZNPs hybrid film was modified by the incorporation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) into ZnO matrix including both ZNPs and ZNWs combined with TiCl4 post-treatment. As a result, the efficiency of DSSCs increased from 2.6% to 3.8%, which is mainly attributed to the increased dye loading, faster electron transport, and less electron loss. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Chen T.,Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology | Chen T.,Eco Dyeing and Finishing Engineering Research Center | Chen T.,Zhejiang Sci-Tech University | Fang Q.,Eco Dyeing and Finishing Engineering Research Center | And 5 more authors.

We tuned the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of amphiphilic poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) via copolymerization with a hydrophilic comonomer of N-hydroxymethyl acrylamide (NHMAAm). A series of copolymers P(NIPAAm-co-NHMAAm) were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) using CuBr/(N,N,N',N',N''-Pentamethyldiethylenetriamine) (PMDETA) as a catalyst system and 2-bromo ethyl isobutyrate (EBiB) as an initiator. The copolymers were well characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), 1H Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The copolymers followed a simple rule in their thermosensitive behaviors and have a linear increase in the LCST as a function of NHMAAm mol%. The thermosensitive properties of the copolymer films were investigated and demonstrated hydrophilic-hydrophobic transitions. Finally, the copolymer was grafted onto cotton fabrics using citric acid (CA) as a crosslinking agent and sodium hypophosphite (SHP) as a catalyst following a two dipping, two padding process. The large number of hydroxyl groups in the copolymer makes grafting convenient and firm. The grafted cotton fabrics show obvious thermosensitive behaviors. The results demonstrate that the cotton fabrics become more hydrophobic when the temperature is higher than the LCST. This study presents a valuable route towards temperature-responsive smart textiles and their potential applications. © 2015 by the authors. Source

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