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Dang Y.,Shandong University of Technology | Dang Y.,Key Laboratory for Reproductive Endocrinology | Qin Y.,Shandong University of Technology | Qin Y.,Key Laboratory for Reproductive Endocrinology | And 9 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility

Objective: To search for WNT7A gene mutations in a cohort of 191 Chinese Han patients with müllerian duct abnormalities (MDAs). Design: Phenotypic and mutational study. Setting: University hospital. Patient(s): A total of 191 Chinese Han patients with MDAs and 192 healthy control individuals. Intervention(s): Genomic DNA extracted from blood samples, all coding regions amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) then directly sequenced to screen variants. Main Outcome Measure(s): Not applicable. Result(s): The sequence analysis revealed one novel synonymous variant and three known single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Conclusion(s): The results indicate that mutations in the coding sequence of WNT7A are not responsible for müllerian duct abnormalities in the Chinese population. © 2012 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc. Source

Song G.,Shandong University | Yan J.,Shandong University | Yan J.,National Research Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology and Reproductive Genetics | Yan J.,Key Laboratory for Reproductive Endocrinology | And 6 more authors.
Reproductive BioMedicine Online

KIAA0319L, PXK and JAZF1 gene polymorphisms were investigated to determine whether they conferred susceptibility to unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (URPL) in a group of Chinese Han patients. Genotyping and sequencing of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) rs2275247(A/G) in KIAA0319L, rs2176082(C/T) and rs6445975(G/T) in PXK and the rs1635852(C/T) in JAZF1 were carried out in 84 couples with URPL and 102 healthy couples with at least one live birth. Frequencies of the SNP rs2176082(C/T) in PXK gene were significantly different between women with URPL and control women: P < 0.05; OR 95% CI 0.530 (0.287 to 0.979); OR 95% CI 0.482 (0.254 to 0.911) but were not significantly different after Bonferroni correction. The frequencies of the SNP rs2176082(C/T) in PXK gene showed no difference between the husband of a woman with URPL and a control husband: OR 95% CI 1.494 (0.821 to 2.721); OR 95% CI 1.567 (0.841 to 2.921). No statistically significant differences were observed in the distribution of any genotype or allele frequency or any genetic model of the other three SNPs between couples with URPL and control couples. Therefore, the rs2176082(C/T) polymorphism of PXK might play a possible role in the development of URPL in Chinese Han women. © 2014 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Zhao S.,Key Laboratory for Reproductive Endocrinology | Li G.,Key Laboratory for Reproductive Endocrinology | Dalgleish R.,University of Leicester | Vujovic S.,University of Belgrade | And 11 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility

Objective To investigate whether gene variants of SOHLH1 exist in Chinese and Serbian patients with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). Design Case-control genetic study. Setting University hospitals. Patient(s) A total of 364 Han Chinese and 197 Serbian women with nonsyndromic POI and ethnically matched controls. Intervention(s) None. Main Outcome Measure(s) SOHLH1 gene sequencing. Result(s) We found 10 novel heterozygous variants in our cohorts of 561 women with POI but none in the 600 ethnically matched controls. Statistical and bioinformatic analyses indicated that three of the eight variants in Chinese POI cases are potentially disease causing. They comprise two missense variants (p.Ser317Phe and p.Glu376Lys) that might each change activity of the SOHLH1 protein as a transcription factor and one variant (c.∗118C>T) located in the 3′ untranslated region of the SOHLH1 gene, which might generate a new binding site for the microRNA hsa-miR-888-5p. Of the two variants in the Serbian POI cases, both were synonymous, and no missense variant was identified. The allele frequencies of some known single-nucleotide polymorphisms were statistically significantly different between patients and controls in both the Chinese and Serbian groups. Conclusion(s) Our results suggest that SOHLH1 may be regarded as a new candidate gene for POI. © 2015 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Source

Cui L.,Shandong University | Cui L.,National Research Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology and Reproductive Genetics | Cui L.,Key Laboratory for Reproductive Endocrinology | Cui L.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine | And 27 more authors.
Human Reproduction

Study Question Are there any correlations between the phenotypes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the genotypes of the PCOS susceptibility single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in THADA, DENND1A and LHCGR? Summary Answer The PCOS susceptibility genes, THADA and DENND1A, carry risk alleles that are associated with endocrine and metabolic disturbances in patients with PCOS. What is Known AlreadyPCOS is a heterogeneous endocrinopathy characterized by oligo-anovulation, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries. In a previous genome-wide association study, the SNP variants rs13429458, rs12478601, rs2479106, rs10818854 and rs13405728 in the THADA, DENND1A and LHCGR genes were identified as being independently associated with PCOS. The aim of this study was to identify any additional correlations between the phenotypes of PCOS and genotypes of the five SNPs described in the previous study. Study Design , Size, DurationIn the present cross-sectional study, a total of 1731 PCOS patients and 4964 controls were enrolled. Participants/Materials, Setting , Method SPatients were diagnosed according to Rotterdam criteria. Clinical information was collected from the patients and controls. Endocrine and metabolic parameters were evaluated for phenotype-genotype correlation analyses. Main Results and the Role of Chance Using a recessive model, the AA group for rs13429458 in THADA was associated with increased luteinizing hormone (LH) (P < 0.01) and testosterone (T) (P = 0.02) levels in subjects with PCOS; the LH/follicle-stimulating hormone ratio was also higher in the AA group (P < 0.01). Also using a recessive model, the CC genotype of rs12478601, also in THADA, was associated with increased levels of low-density lipoprotein (P = 0.02). Using a dominant model, the GG + AG group for rs2479106 in DENND1A was associated with elevated serum insulin levels 2 h after a glucose load in the patients with PCOS (P = 0.02). All of the comparisons were adjusted for age and BMI. Limitations , Reasons for Caution The relatively younger age of the participants may represent a considerable bias when evaluating metabolic alterations as a function of different genotypes, as significant metabolic disturbances may emerge later in life. Furthermore, the sample sizes of several sub-genotype groups were relatively small; to some extent this limited the statistical power of the analysis. Wider Implications of the FindingsThe PCOS susceptibility genes, THADA and DENND1A, carry risk alleles that are associated with endocrine and metabolic disturbances in PCOS patients of Han Chinese descent. The findings have shown genuine heterogeneity, stratified on the basis of both clinical findings and genotypes. Replication of these results is expected in other ethnic groups. Study Funding/Competing Interest (S)This research was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 program) (2010CB945002, 2012CB944700), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81000238, 81070461, 81000236, 30973170), the Graduate Independent Innovation Foundation of Shandong University (GIIFSDU) (21300070613242, 21300070613246), the Science Research Foundation item of no-earnings health vocation (201002013) and the National Key Technology Research and Development Program (2011BAI17B00). There are no competing interests. © 2012 The Author. Source

Shi Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Shi Y.,Shanghai GenomePilot Institutes for Genomics and Human Health | Shi Y.,Changning Mental Health Center | Zhao H.,Shandong University | And 90 more authors.
Nature Genetics

Following a previous genome-wide association study (GWAS 1) including 744 cases and 895 controls, we analyzed genome-wide association data from a new cohort of Han Chinese (GWAS 2) with 1,510 polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) cases and 2,016 controls. We followed up significantly associated signals identified in the combined results of GWAS 1 and 2 in a total of 8,226 cases and 7,578 controls. In addition to confirming the three loci we previously reported, we identify eight new PCOS association signals at P < 5 × 10-8: 9q22.32, 11q22.1, 12q13.2, 12q14.3, 16q12.1, 19p13.3, 20q13.2 and a second independent signal at 2p16.3 (the FSHR gene). These PCOS association signals show evidence of enrichment for candidate genes related to insulin signaling, sexual hormone function and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Other candidate genes were related to calcium signaling and endocytosis. Our findings provide new insight and direction for discovering the biological mechanisms of PCOS. © 2012 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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