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Li L.,Shanxi Medical University | Li L.,Nanjing Medical University | Wang B.,Shanxi Medical University | Wang B.,Shanxi Key Laboratory of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Cancer | Wang B.,Key Institute and Laboratory of Otolaryngology Affiliated with Shanxi Province
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2014

MicroRNAs play important roles in laryngeal carcinoma and other cancers. However, the expression of microRNAs in paracancerous tissue has been studied less. Here, using laser capture microdissection (LCM), we detected the expression of microRNAs in paracancerous tissues. Among all down-regulated microRNAs in the center area of tumor tissues, only miR-30b expression was significantly reduced in paracancerous tissues compared to surgical margins. Therefore, to further investigate the effect of miR-30b on laryngeal carcinoma, we stably overexpressed miR-30b in laryngeal carcinoma cell line HEp-2 cells. It was found that although there was no significant difference in cell viability between miR-30b overexpressed cells and control HEp-2 cells, p53 expression was obviously enhanced in miR-30b overexpressed cells. Whether miR-30b could improve the anti-tumor effect of adenovirus-p53 (Ad-p53) in laryngeal carcinoma and other cancer cell lines was also evaluated. It was found that in miR-30b overexpressed HEp-2 cells, p53-mediated tumor cell apoptosis was obviously increased both in vitro and in vivo. MDM2-p53 interaction might be involved in miR-30b-mediated anti-tumor effect. Together, results suggested that miR-30b could modulate p53 pathway and enhance p53 gene therapy-induced apoptosis in laryngeal carcinoma, which could provide a novel microRNA target in tumor therapy. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Gao W.,Shanxi Medical University | Gao W.,Key Institute and Laboratory of Otolaryngology Affiliated with Shanxi Province | Zhang C.,Shanxi Medical University | Zhang C.,Key Institute and Laboratory of Otolaryngology Affiliated with Shanxi Province | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Aims: Fascin-1, ezrin and paxillin, cytoskeleton-associated proteins, have been implicated in several human cancers, but their role in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is unknown. We investigated the association of their expression and clinicopathologic factors and their prognostic value in LSCC. Materials and Methods: Quantitative RT-PCR and western blot analyses were used to examine mRNA and protein levels in 10 fresh LSCC specimens and 10 corresponding adjacent normal margin (ANM) tissues from patients undergoing surgery in 2012. We used immunohistochemistry to retrospectively study 216 paraffin blocks of LSCC samples from patients (193 men) who had undergone surgery between 2000 and 2006 and had not received special treatment before the diagnosis. Univariate analysis of patient survival involved the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate analyses involved the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: The relative mRNA and protein levels of fascin-1, ezrin and paxillin were significantly greater in LSCC than ANM tissue (P<0.05). The high expression of fascin-1, ezrin or paxillin was positively correlated with poor tumor differentiation, cervical lymph node metastasis (N+), and advanced clinical stage (III+IV) (P<0.05) but not sex or metastasis. In addition, a high expression of fascin-1 (P = 0.007) or ezrin (P = 0.047) was associated with advanced tumor stage (T3+T4). The expression of fascin-1 was higher in smokers than non-smokers (P = 0.019). A high expression of fascin-1, ezrin or paxillin was associated with poor prognosis. Conclusions: Fascin-1, ezrin and paxillin may be prognostic of poor outcome with LSCC after surgery. Our study may lead to establishing new molecular therapeutic targets and/or prognostic biomarkers in LSCC. © 2012 Gao et al. Source

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