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Baharloo F.,Islamic Azad University at Yazd | Moslemin M.H.,Islamic Azad University at Yazd | Nadri H.,University of Yazd | Asadipour A.,Kerman University of Medicinal science | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

A series of benzofuran-based N-benzylpyridinium derivatives 5a-o were designed and synthesized as novel AChE inhibitors. The synthetic pathway of the compounds involved the preparation of 4-(benzofuran-2-yl)pyridine intermediates via the reaction of different salicylaldehyde derivatives and 4-(bromomethyl)pyridine, followed by intramolecular cyclization. Subsequently, the 4-(benzofuran-2-yl)pyridines were N-benzylated by using appropriate benzyl bromide to afford the final product 5a-o. The results of in vitro AChE activity evaluation of synthesized compounds revealed that all compound had potent anti-AChE activity comparable or more potent than standard drug donepezil. The N-(3,5-dimethylbenzyl) derivative 5e with IC50 value of 4.1 nM was the most active compound, being 7-fold more potent than donepezil. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.

Pourshojaei Y.,University of Tehran | Gouranourimi A.,University of Tehran | Hekmat S.,University of Tehran | Asadipour A.,Kerman University of Medicinal science | And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

A series of 3-(4-(aminoalkoxy)benzylidene)-chroman-4-ones 7a-r were designed and synthesized as analogs of homoisoflavonoids which are well known natural products with diverse pharmacological properties related to Alzheimer's disease. The in vitro anti-cholinesterase activity of designed compounds 7a-r against AChE and BuChE, revealed that compounds bearing piperidinylethoxy residue showed potent activity against AChE at sub-micromolar level (IC50 values = 0.122-0.207 μM), more potent than reference drug tacrine. The structure-activity relationships study of piperidinylethoxy series demonstrated that the selectivity and physicochemical properties of compounds could be optimized by selection of a proper substituent on the C-7 position of chroman ring, while the high potency of the molecule against AChE was reserved. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.

Ayati A.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Emami S.,Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences | Asadipour A.,Kerman University of Medicinal science | Shafiee A.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

1,3-Thiazole is one of the most important scaffolds in heterocyclic chemistry and drug design and discovery. It is widely found in diverse pharmacologically active substances and in some naturally-occurring compounds. Thiazole is a versatile building-block for lead generation, and is easily access of diverse derivatives for subsequent lead optimization. In the recent years, many thiazole derivatives have been synthesized and subjected to varied biological activities. In this article we intended to review the most important biological effects of thiazole-based compounds and highlight their roles in new leads identification and drug discovery. This article is also intended to help researches for finding potential future directions on the development of more potent and specific analogs of thiazole-based compounds for various biological targets. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.

Ebrahimi S.M.,University of Tehran | Mahdavi M.,University of Tehran | Emami S.,Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences | Saeedi M.,University of Tehran | And 6 more authors.
Synthetic Communications | Year: 2014

A novel and simple method for the green one-pot synthesis of anthranilamide Schiff bases is described. The reported Schiff bases are obtained via the reaction of isatoic anhydride, amines, and aromatic aldehydes in water at room temperature, without using any catalysts. No cyclization toward 2,3-dihydro-4(1H)-quinazolinones occurred in this method and anthranilamide Schiff bases were produced exclusively. This approach offers a green method to prepare the medicinally important Schiff base sirtinol and other bioactive anthranilamide Schiff bases. [Supplementary materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Synthetic Communications® for the following free supplemental resource(s): Full experimental and spectral details.] Copyright © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Vosooghi M.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Firoozpour L.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Rodaki A.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Pordeli M.,University of Tehran | And 6 more authors.
Daru : journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common type of female cancer. One class of hormonal therapy for breast cancer drugs -non steroidal aromatase inhibitors- are triazole analogues. In this work, some derivatives of these drugs was designed and synthesized. All synthesized compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities on breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231, T47D and MCF-7).METHODS: Our synthetic route for designed compounds started from 4-bromotolunitrile which was reacted with 1H-1,2,4-triazole to afford 4-(4-cyanobenzyl)-1,2,4-triazole. The reaction of later compound with aromatic aldehydes led to formation of the designed compounds. Eleven novel derivatives 1a-k were tested for their cytotoxic activities on three human breast cancer cell lines.RESULTS: Among the synthesized compound, 4-[2-(3-chlorophenyl)-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)ethenyl]benzonitrile (1c) showed the highest activity against MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines and 4-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)ethenyl]benzonitrile (1 h) exhibited highest activity against T47D cell line. According to cytotoxic activities results, compound 4-[2-(4-dimethylamino)-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)ethenyl]benzonitrile (1 k) showed comparative activity against T47D and MDA-MB-231 cell lines with compound (1 h) and our reference drug Etoposide.CONCLUSION: In the process of anti-cancer drug discovery, to find new potential anti-breast cancer agents, we designed and synthesized a novel series of letrozole analogs. Cytotoxicity evaluation revealed that compounds (1c) and (1 k) were the most potent compounds with comparative activity with Etoposide. The results revealed that π-π interactions are responsible for the enzyme inhibitions of compounds (1 c) and (1 k).

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