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Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies is a university established by Government of Kerala devoted to studies in fisheries and ocean science. The Bill seeking to establish the University was passed by the Kerala Legislative Assembly on 30 December 2010. KUFOS has its headquarters in the premises of the College of Fisheries, Panangad, near Kochi. The College of Fisheries, established in the year 1979, was a constituent college of the Kerala Agricultural University. KUFOS is the first University in India exclusively dedicated to studies in fisheries and allied disciplines. The University was formally inaugurated and dedicated to the nation in a function held at the campus of the College of Fisheries, Panangad, on 20 February 2011.Dr. B. Madhusoodhana Kurup, a member of Kerala Coastal Zone Management Authority and Director of the School of Industrial Fisheries, Cochin University of Science and Technology, is the inaugural Vice-Chancellor of the University. Dr Mohanakumaran nair, Dean and head of Department of aquaculture, college of fisheries, panangad is the first Pro Vice-chancellor of the University. Dr Tresa Radhakrishnan of Aquatic Biology Department of the Kerala University is the first Registrar of the university.The Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies is an autonomous public funded institution established on 20th November 2010, and governed by the Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies Act, 2010 passed by the Kerala Law Department vide Notification No. 19540 / Leg.1 / 2010/Law dated 28 January 2011. This is the first Fisheries University in India coming under the Fisheries Ministry with its headquarters at Panangad, 12 km. away from Kochi city, along the NH-47. Ernakulam South Railway Station is the nearest Railway Station, 12 km away from the campus. Total land area is 69.10 acres.College of Fisheries, Panangad, Kochi and the Fisheries Research Station, Puduvype were disaffiliated from Kerala Agricultural University to form KUFOS which started functioning with effect from 1 st April 2011. This is the primary and principal instrumentality of Kerala State in providing human resources, skills and technology required for the sustainable development of Fisheries and Ocean Studies. It acts as a centre of excellence for human resource development in Fisheries and Ocean Studies and the nodal agency to establish relationship with institutions and universities functioning at national and international level. The mission of the University is to serve as a flagship University of higher learning through demonstrated and growing excellence in teaching, research, extension, training, scholarship and creative work in Fisheries and Ocean studies, comparable with global standards that will benefit the country and the world at large. Her Excellency the Governor of Kerala Smt. Sheila Dixit is the Chancellor and the Hon.Minister for Fisheries Sri K. Babu is the Pro-Chancellor of the University. The supreme authority of the University is the Senate and the chief executive body is the Governing Council. The Vice- Chancellor is the principal executive who is assisted by the Pro-Vice chancellor, Registrar, Finance Officer, Deans of Faculties, Controller of examination, Director of Research, Director of Extension, Directors of Schools and Heads of Departments.The state government has planned to develop the ground inside the KUFOS campus into an international stadium for the FIFA U-17 World Cup in 2017 which is to be held in India. Wikipedia.

Pillai D.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies | Bonami J.R.,Pathogens and Environment
Aquaculture Research | Year: 2012

Freshwater prawns, particularly, the Giant Freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii, are one of the most economically important farmed species in the world. Faced with increasing disease problems in penaeid shrimp culture, farmers turned to freshwater prawn farming. Freshwater prawns were considered relatively less susceptible to diseases. However, with intensification of culture and increased world trade of the farmed species, emerging diseases are beginning to constitute an increasingly serious health problem in freshwater prawn culture. This article is a review of the important diseases reported in freshwater prawns, with particular emphasis on the white tail disease of M. rosenbergii as it is the most important disease recorded to date and also the most well studied among the diseases of freshwater prawns. Steps to be taken for proper health management in the farming of this species is also touched upon. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

New M.B.,Aquaculture without Frontiers | Nair C.M.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies
Aquaculture Research | Year: 2012

In welcoming participants to Giant Prawn 2011, the authors briefly review the current scale of this component of global aquaculture. The expansion of freshwater prawn farming over the 30 years since the first global conference on this topic [Giant Prawn 1980 (GP1980)] is examined. At the time of GP1980, the output of farmed giant river prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) was <3000 t. Almost three decades later (2009) the total annual aquaculture production of all species of freshwater prawns had risen to almost 444 000 t, with a value of US$2.2 billion. The farmed production of M. rosenbergii constituted 51.7% of the global total, while the oriental river prawn M. nipponense (reared totally in China) contributed 47.2%. The contribution of the monsoon river prawn M. malcolmsonii remains quite small so far, and does not show in the above percentages because no recent FAO data are available for this species. In 2007, however, the latter species contributed 1.0% of the total global production of freshwater prawns. The major freshwater prawn producing countries are in Asia (e.g. Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam) but Macrobrachium spp. are also farmed in other continents. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Princy K.F.,St Alberts College | Manomi S.,Cochin University of Science and Technology | Philip R.,Cochin University of Science and Technology | Gopinath A.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies
Nano Biomedicine and Engineering | Year: 2016

Utilization of renewable marine resources for the biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles is an innovative area in the current nanotechnology research. The present article reports a simple environmentally benign method for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles using aqueous extract of marine brown seaweed Padina Tetrastromatica, which act as both the reducing and stabilising agent. The formation, morphology and crystalline nature of the synthesised silver nanoparticles were determined using UVVisible Spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy, Selected area electron diffraction and X-ray diffraction techniques. The surface plasmon resonance peak at 424 nm in the UV-Visible spectrum confirmed the formation of silver nanoparticles. The biosynthesised silver nanoparticles were almost spherical with an average size of 15 nm. Crystalline nature of silver nanoparticles is evident from the characteristic peaks in the X-ray diffraction pattern, bright circular spots in the selected area electron diffraction pattern and clear lattice fringes in the High resolution Transmission electron microscopy images. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis revealed the presence of functional bio active metabolites in seaweed extract which is responsible for the formation and efficient stabilization of the nanoparticles. The biosynthesised silver nanoparticles show excellent antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and Aeromonas hydrophila. They also show very good catalytic activity for the reduction of methylene blue in the presence of NaBH4 in aqueous medium. Thus the green synthesised nanoparticles are expected to be a promising candidate for the application in diverse fields. © 2016 Kaithavelikkakath Francis Princy, Sarasan Manomi, Rosamma Philip and Anu Gopinath.

Raghavan R.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies | Raghavan R.,Outreach | Das S.,Kerala Forest Research Institute KFRI | Das S.,University of Calicut | And 4 more authors.
Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems | Year: 2016

Fresh waters and their resources continue to be one of the most imperilled ecosystems on Earth, yet very little emphasis has been placed on identifying and developing in situ conservation mechanisms, such as freshwater protected areas. In the southern region of the Western Ghats Hotspot, India, a globally important eco-region harbouring unique freshwater taxa, there has been very little effort to identify the role played by terrestrial protected areas in freshwater biodiversity conservation. Around 130 species of freshwater-dependent fauna belonging to five taxonomic groups (fish, amphibians, crabs, shrimps and odonates) are endemic to the region, of which 25% have a high risk of extinction. More than half of the 130 species are not represented in the current protected area (PA) network, and the distributions of 12 endemic and threatened species (10 fish, one amphibian and one shrimp), of which five are single-location species, also fall wholly outside the PA network. Although 44% (58 species) of endemic freshwater-dependent fauna of the region occur either wholly (25 species) or partly (33 species) inside terrestrial PAs, they are rarely subject to species-specific management or monitoring plans. To improve freshwater biodiversity conservation at the local level, and to achieve global conservation targets, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity's Aichi targets (for example targets 11 and 12), the PA network of the region should be doubled. This may be achieved by expanding the area of existing PAs to incorporate priority sites for freshwater taxa, creating new PAs by specifically targeting areas that are of significance to freshwater biodiversity, and developing and implementing freshwater-specific management plans in existing PAs of the region. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Raghavan R.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies | Philip S.,Nirmalagiri College | Ali A.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies | Katwate U.,Bombay Natural History Society BNHS | Dahanukar N.,Indian Institute of Science
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries | Year: 2016

We summarize the research on Asian Sun catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma (Günther), an endemic and threatened freshwater catfish from Western Ghats of India, and provide a comprehensive review of its taxonomy, distribution, biology, population, conservation and aquaculture. Although described in 1864, the taxonomy of H. brachysoma, particularly its familial affinities, continues to be in flux. The species, originally described from the erstwhile ‘state of Cochin’ in present day Kerala State, India, has a current distribution ranging from southern Kerala (8°N) to southern Maharashtra (16°N), where they are found in lowland westward-flowing rivers, as well as natural freshwater lakes and backwaters. As a much relished food fish, H. brachysoma is exploited throughout its range, predominantly through an unmanaged artisanal fishery. Although there are no scientific estimates of either the status or trends in overall population of this endemic catfish, anecdotal evidence and fisher-knowledge suggests drastic declines of several local populations. The fishery for H. brachysoma in the Periyar and Achenkovil rivers in the State of Kerala has been documented to be unsustainable. As a result of an overall population decline of 35 % due to overharvest and habitat loss, H. brachysoma is assessed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. Primary research on various aspects of feeding, reproductive biology and demography has generated a wealth of information on the species, but this knowledge is yet to be utilized for the development and implementation of in situ conservation or management plans. In view of its high consumer demand, efficient biological and eco-physiological characteristics, as well as the availability of a captive breeding technology, H. brachysoma is considered an emerging species for small-scale aquaculture. Priorities for scientific research to address knowledge-gaps, as well as strategies for effective conservation of this threatened freshwater catfish are discussed. © 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

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