Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies is a university established by Government of Kerala devoted to studies in fisheries and ocean science. The Bill seeking to establish the University was passed by the Kerala Legislative Assembly on 30 December 2010. KUFOS has its headquarters in the premises of the College of Fisheries, Panangad, near Kochi. The College of Fisheries, established in the year 1979, was a constituent college of the Kerala Agricultural University. KUFOS is the first University in India exclusively dedicated to studies in fisheries and allied disciplines. The University was formally inaugurated and dedicated to the nation in a function held at the campus of the College of Fisheries, Panangad, on 20 February 2011.Dr. B. Madhusoodhana Kurup, a member of Kerala Coastal Zone Management Authority and Director of the School of Industrial Fisheries, Cochin University of Science and Technology, is the inaugural Vice-Chancellor of the University. Dr Mohanakumaran nair, Dean and head of Department of aquaculture, college of fisheries, panangad is the first Pro Vice-chancellor of the University. Dr Tresa Radhakrishnan of Aquatic Biology Department of the Kerala University is the first Registrar of the university.The Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies is an autonomous public funded institution established on 20th November 2010, and governed by the Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies Act, 2010 passed by the Kerala Law Department vide Notification No. 19540 2010/Law dated 28 January 2011. This is the first Fisheries University in India coming under the Fisheries Ministry with its headquarters at Panangad, 12 km. away from Kochi city, along the NH-47. Ernakulam South Railway Station is the nearest Railway Station, 12 km away from the campus. Total land area is 69.10 acres.College of Fisheries, Panangad, Kochi and the Fisheries Research Station, Puduvype were disaffiliated from Kerala Agricultural University to form KUFOS which started functioning with effect from 1 st April 2011. This is the primary and principal instrumentality of Kerala State in providing human resources, skills and technology required for the sustainable development of Fisheries and Ocean Studies. It acts as a centre of excellence for human resource development in Fisheries and Ocean Studies and the nodal agency to establish relationship with institutions and universities functioning at national and international level. The mission of the University is to serve as a flagship University of higher learning through demonstrated and growing excellence in teaching, research, extension, training, scholarship and creative work in Fisheries and Ocean studies, comparable with global standards that will benefit the country and the world at large. Her Excellency the Governor of Kerala Smt. Sheila Dixit is the Chancellor and the Hon.Minister for Fisheries Sri K. Babu is the Pro-Chancellor of the University. The supreme authority of the University is the Senate and the chief executive body is the Governing Council. The Vice- Chancellor is the principal executive who is assisted by the Pro-Vice chancellor, Registrar, Finance Officer, Deans of Faculties, Controller of examination, Director of Research, Director of Extension, Directors of Schools and Heads of Departments.The state government has planned to develop the ground inside the KUFOS campus into an international stadium for the FIFA U-17 World Cup in 2017 which is to be held in India. Wikipedia.
Kanagavel A.,Conservation Research Group |
Parvathy S.,Conservation Research Group |
Nirmal N.,Conservation Research Group |
Divakar N.,Conservation Research Group |
Raghavan R.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies
Ambio | Year: 2017
In the Western Ghats of India, amphibians are culled at cardamom plantations since they are perceived to consume cardamom. To better understand the relationship between amphibians and cardamom, a study was undertaken at these plantations, which harbor numerous threatened and range-restricted amphibians. We undertook questionnaire surveys with 298 respondents at 148 plantations across southern India. Time-activity budget and diet analysis surveys were undertaken to determine whether amphibians really consumed cardamom. The conception that amphibians eat cardamom was found to be widespread especially among small-sized plantations, leading to negative perceptions and a lack of interest in amphibian conservation. The plantation community perceives a substantial economic loss due to amphibians, even though this is non-existent as revealed by our field surveys. These perceptions would lead to a continued intolerance of amphibian presence in plantations. A suitable outreach initiative re-affirming facts and spreading awareness on the positive role of amphibians would need to be conducted to negate this age-old myth. © 2017 Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Sajeevan M.K.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies |
Kurup B.M.,Cochin University of Science and Technology
Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences | Year: 2017
An attempt has been made to collect cobia seeds onboard trawler attached to the Fishery Survey of India. Gene banking techniques of cobia has been elucidated and survival rate of juveniles in the culture system was estimated as 86.1%. Present study estimated the stock of juvenile cobia and facilities available in India for the development of cobia culture. India possesses 0.219 million sq.km of sea area in her Exclusive Economic Zone, which is suitable for setting up of marine cage culture farms for cobia. © 2017, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved.
Pillai D.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies |
Bonami J.R.,Pathogens and Environment
Aquaculture Research | Year: 2012
Freshwater prawns, particularly, the Giant Freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii, are one of the most economically important farmed species in the world. Faced with increasing disease problems in penaeid shrimp culture, farmers turned to freshwater prawn farming. Freshwater prawns were considered relatively less susceptible to diseases. However, with intensification of culture and increased world trade of the farmed species, emerging diseases are beginning to constitute an increasingly serious health problem in freshwater prawn culture. This article is a review of the important diseases reported in freshwater prawns, with particular emphasis on the white tail disease of M. rosenbergii as it is the most important disease recorded to date and also the most well studied among the diseases of freshwater prawns. Steps to be taken for proper health management in the farming of this species is also touched upon. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Nair C.M.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies |
Salin K.R.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies
Aquaculture Research | Year: 2012
Freshwater prawn production in India that includes farming and wild capture of the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii and the monsoon river prawn, M. malcolmsonii has increased steadily since 1999 reaching a peak output of 42 780 t in 2005, but then declined to 6568 t in 2009-2010. Stunted growth and diseases in ponds because of poor seed quality and the broodstock which had been inbred over several generations; pond water quality issues; and increased cost of production on account of feed, labour and the mandatory certification requirements are suggested to be some of the factors leading to the production declines. While majority of the output occurs in Andhra Pradesh, single crop paddy-prawn production systems in the low-lying fields of Kerala have helped gradual transformation to a sustainable, organic mode of farming of both rice and prawns, suitable for other states of India. Although the trends by June 2011 indicate that the sector is set to a revival, future prospects of freshwater prawn farming in India will also depend on the expansion of whiteleg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei that was introduced recently in India and provided a more profitable opportunity for farming. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Jayachandran C.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies |
Vijayamma K.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies |
Thomas T.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies
Zootaxa | Year: 2012
A new species of Caridina H. M. Edwards, 1837, namely, C. vithuraensis, collected from Kallar, a tributary of Vamanapuram River, Kerala at Vithura is being described in this paper. The species is characterized by: small shrimps having short rostrum, extending to the tip of 1st segment of antennular peduncle, rarely reaching beyond, rostral formula: 11-19/2-5 (2-5 post-orbital); carpus of 1st pereiopod deeply excavated, 1.3 to 1.45 times as long as broad; dactylus of 3rd pereiopod ends in a terminal spine and with 5-7 accessory spines; dactylus of 5th pereiopod with 24-45 comb-like spinules; appendix interna on endopod of male 1st pleopod is prominent; uropodal diaeresis with 16-20 spines; telson conical in shape with 4-6 pairs of spinules on the dorsal and 6-8 spinules at the distal end. The species shows affinities with species like C. malayensis Cai et al., 2007; C. congoensis Richard & Clark, 2009 and C. roubaudi Richard & Clark, 2009. However they can be separated based on the specific characters given in Table 1. Copyright © 2012 · Magnolia Press.
Ranjeet K.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies |
Shahul Hameed P.V.P.,P.A. College
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2015
A cost-effective fish culture technology for Oreochromis niloticus was developed, whilst growing periphyton on three different substrates. The main objective of the study was to provide additional nourishment to the fish through supplementary feeding of periphyton as well as to reduce the accumulation of nitrogenous compounds in the water column through effective recycling of organic waste. Likewise, the suitability of the substrates (bamboo poles, PVC pipes and nylon nets) in cement cisterns were evaluated and compared based on the production characteristics and water quality parameters. Results indicated that the newly developed PVC supported artificial fibre system had greater aggregation of periphyton and thereby these treatments (TP-4) recorded high survival rates (66.6%), mean weight of fish (53.9±2.02 g) and net production (1928.9 kg haG1) compared to other two treatments and control. Similarly, the Food Conversion Ratio (FCR) and Specific Growth Rate (SGR) too were undoubtedly better in TP-4 (2.9 and 1.56, respectively), signifying the importance of adequate levels of supplementary feeding in these treatments. The levels of nitrite and ammonia in treatments with substrate bound periphyton were within permissible level indicating that the system effectively recycled the nitrogenous waste to valuable protein. With red tilapia culture gaining popularity in India, this is first such study from Kerala, South India, signifying the scope for wider acceptability among fish farmers in the region. © 2015 Academic Journals Inc.
Sajan S.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies |
Malika V.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies |
Anna Mercy T.V.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies
Indian Journal of Fisheries | Year: 2012
Anaesthesia is essential to minimise stress and physical damage while handling live fish. Present study evaluated the efficacy of clove oil as an anaesthetic (at four different concentrations viz., 20 mg l-1 30 mg l-1, 40 mg l-1 and 50 mg l-1 for handling the endemic ornamental barb Puntius denisonii. The onset of individual phases of anaesthesia and recovery rates were studied. Induction time decreased with increasing concentration. Concentration between 30-40 mg l-1 of clove oil was found to be the most effective dose for P. denisonii and 30 mg l -1 was recorded as the lowest concentration that induces anaesthesia in less than 3 min. Clove oil appears to be highly effective as a fish anaesthetic with potentially no side effects, which is safe for both fish as well as man and is also less expensive.
New M.B.,Aquaculture without Frontiers |
Nair C.M.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies
Aquaculture Research | Year: 2012
In welcoming participants to Giant Prawn 2011, the authors briefly review the current scale of this component of global aquaculture. The expansion of freshwater prawn farming over the 30 years since the first global conference on this topic [Giant Prawn 1980 (GP1980)] is examined. At the time of GP1980, the output of farmed giant river prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) was <3000 t. Almost three decades later (2009) the total annual aquaculture production of all species of freshwater prawns had risen to almost 444 000 t, with a value of US$2.2 billion. The farmed production of M. rosenbergii constituted 51.7% of the global total, while the oriental river prawn M. nipponense (reared totally in China) contributed 47.2%. The contribution of the monsoon river prawn M. malcolmsonii remains quite small so far, and does not show in the above percentages because no recent FAO data are available for this species. In 2007, however, the latter species contributed 1.0% of the total global production of freshwater prawns. The major freshwater prawn producing countries are in Asia (e.g. Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam) but Macrobrachium spp. are also farmed in other continents. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Parvathy U.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies |
George S.,Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2014
A study was undertaken with the aim of reducing the concentration of cryoprotectants in surimi without adversely affecting frozen storage stability. Minced meat from a tropical fish, Nemipterus japonicus, was strained, water leached and mixed with different levels of sucrose-sorbitol (1:1) mixture (henceforth called sugar mixture), quick frozen at -35 °C and frozen stored at -20 °C. The surimi samples were subjected to storage stability studies for a period of 5 months. Water leaching resulted in slight absorption of water by meat and reduction in protein, fat and mineral contents. Surimi was found to have moderately white colour. Sensory evaluation studies were conducted on three products, viz., sausage, patty and cake, prepared using surimi containing different concentrations of sugar mixture. Sugar mixture content varying from 0% (control) to 4% in surimi resulted in products that were more acceptable to the taste panelists compared those with 6% and 8% sugar mixture. During frozen storage of surimi pH and total plate count remained nearly steady for all sugar mixture concentrations and throughout the storage period. Moisture content appeared to remain constant during storage, but decreased with increase in sugar concentration. The salt soluble nitrogen content of surimi and gel strength of sausage prepared from it decreased with storage period in all surimi samples, and increased with sugar mixture concentration. Expressible water content of surimi sausage showed an increasing trend with storage period of surimi and a decreasing trend with sugar mixture concentration. Sensory evaluation parameters - elasticity, sweetness and preference - remained more or less steady during storage. However elasticity and sweetness increased and preference decreased with sugar mixture concentration beyond 4%. Elasticity and gel strength of surimi sausage seemed to be much lower for control compared to even the lowest concentration of sugar (2%) used. A concentration of 2 to 4% sucrose-sorbitol mixture is well-accepted by the consumers in products - surimi sausage, patty and cake and at this range of concentration surimi could be well-preserved at -20 °C for at least 5 months. © 2011 Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India).
PubMed | University Putra Malaysia, SRM University, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies and King Saud University
Type: | Journal: Fish & shellfish immunology | Year: 2016
Considering the importance of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in the innate immune system of prawn, a comparative molecular approach was proposed to study the crustacean large HSPs 60, 70 and 90. Three different large HSPs were identified from freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (Mr) cDNA library during screening. The structural and functional characteristic features of HSPs were studied using various bioinformatics tools. Also, their gene expression and mRNA regulation upon various pathogenic infections was studied by relative quantification using 2(-CT) method. MrHSP60 contains a long chaperonin 60 domain at 46-547 which carries a chaperonin 60 signature motif between 427 and 438, whereas MrHSP70 contains a long HSP70 domain at 21-624 and MrHSP90 carries a HSP90 domain at 188-719. The two dimensional analysis showed that MrHSP60 contains more amino acids (52%) in helices, whereas MrHSP70 (40.6%) and MrHSP90 (51.8%) carried more residues in coils. Gene expression results showed significant (P<0.05) expression of MrHSP60, 70 and 90 in haemocyte, gill and hepatopancreas, respectively. Further, the expression level was up-regulated upon bacterial (Aeromonas hydrophilla and Vibrio harveyi) and viral [white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and M.rosenbergii nodo virus (MrNV)] infections during various time periods. The gene expression results exhibited the potential involvement of these three HSPs in the immune system of prawn. The study indicated the potentiality of these molecules, thereby protecting cells against pathogens as well as severe cellular and environmental stresses in crustaceans.