Nairobi, Kenya
Nairobi, Kenya

Kenyatta University , is a multi-campus public university in Kenya, the largest economy in East Africa. As of October 2011, it is one of seven public universities in the country. Wikipedia.


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Patent
Kenyatta University | Date: 2016-02-05

The invention provides methods and compositions suitable for influencing arthropod behavior. In one aspect, the invention provides arthropod-repellent compositions of different compounds. Such compositions are useful in masking arthropod-attractant compounds or blends associated with host body odors. Accordingly, such compounds and compositions are useful in controlling arthropod behavior and in controlling the spread of arthropod-borne diseases.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: ERC-AG | Phase: ERC-AG-SH5 | Award Amount: 2.21M | Year: 2013

Dirt permeates everyday life in urban Africa, but it is more than an empirical substance: dirt is also an ideaor a complex set of representationsthat shapes local perceptions of sexuality and the body, and influences peoples attitudes towards waste, recycling, urbanisation, ethnicity and migration. Dirt is a vital category for understanding urban cultures in Africa, and it has a history that has yet to be examined in detail. Besides the work of epidemiologists and occasional anthropological accounts, however, there have been no sustained studies of locally situated understandings of dirt in Africa. This project will identify and reflect on African representations and understandings of dirt in a comparative historical perspective for the first time. With reference to four key themescolonialism, the environment, sexuality and ethnicityeveryday cultural practices will be addressed in Nairobi (Kenya) and Lagos (Nigeria). In examining particular African locations and historical contexts, the project will evaluate not only the social and political histories of specific dirty discourses, but also the theoretical and methodological directions that the concept of dirt generates as a starting point for comparative interdisciplinary case-studies. Employing a range of methodologies, the two teams of researchers at the Participating Institutions (Kenyatta University, Nairobi, and University of Lagos) in Years 1-5, and the doctoral and postdoctoral researchers at the Host Institution (University of Sussex) in Years 3-5, will identify local African representations and understandings of dirt. In addition to other major outputs, the PI will build a website that addresses political, methodological, theoretical and ethical issues, as well as providing an archive of primary resources. Key objectives include: to learn from positive and negative valuations of words connoting dirt in Africa, and to develop a paradigm for interdisciplinary work in African cultural studies.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRASUPP-03-2016 | Award Amount: 992.25K | Year: 2017

The project aims at creating an EU-Africa e-Infrastructure, UBORA, for open source co-design of new solutions to face the current and future healthcare challenges of both continents, by exploiting networking, knowledge on rapid prototyping of new ideas and sharing of safety criteria and performance data. The e-infrastructure will foster advances in education and the development of innovative solutions in Biomedical Engineering (BME), both of which are flywheels for European and African economies. It is conceived as a virtual platform for generating, exchanging, improving and implementing creative ideas in BME underpinned by a solid safety assessment framework. Besides the provision of resources with designs, blueprints and support on safety assessment and harmonisation, specific sections for needs identification, project management, repositories and fund raising are also foreseen. UBORA (excellence in Swahili) brings together European and African Universities and their associated technological hubs (supporting biomedical prototyping laboratories and incubators), national and international policymakers and committed and credible stakeholders propelled by a series of Summer Schools and Competitions. In a nutshell, UBORA couples the open design philosophy with Europes leadership in quality control and safety assurance, guaranteeing better health and new opportunities for growth and innovation.


News Article | October 25, 2016
Site: www.scientificamerican.com

A few weeks ago, Priscilla Chan and Mark Zuckerberg made an astounding announcement: a $3 billion investment towards curing all diseases within a century. Dr. Chan declared they want to improve the lives of everyone in their daughter's generation, and not "miss a single soul." To start this admirable endeavor, it was announced that the first tranche of funding will go towards a Biohub bringing together researchers from the greater Bay Area. This is a great start. But if they really want to cure all diseases for all people, Chan and Zuckerberg should invest in research and medicine beyond the high-profile institutions in their backyard. Way beyond. There are thousands of scientists in the developing world who have spent decades toiling against the diseases that affect the majority of humanity. They are on the front lines of longstanding culprits like malaria, which affects millions each year, and urgent outbreaks like Ebola and Zika. They also have unique avenues for finding such solutions. These include a treasure-trove of medicinal plants that have been used to treat every kind of human ailment for millennia. At Kenyatta University just outside Nairobi, a Masters' student showed me his thesis listing every medicinal plant used by a single tribe in central Kenya. He had detailed which part of each plant was used for each specific physical indication; the list ran for at least 20 pages. Over the last eight years, I have met dozens of scientists from around the world mining plants and other natural resources for new medicines. They are looking for new antibiotics in the soil of Namibia, the soda lakes of Kenya, and the urban wastewater of Jamaica. But they are hamstrung by highly constrained research environments and limited access to research funding. While a typical NIH grant for a US scientist can be hundreds of thousands of dollars, typical grants for developing world scientists may be capped at $15,000 and they may come with restrictions on how the money is spent. In a survey we recently conducted of African scientists and engineers, 64 percent reported that their grants did not allow them to purchase lab equipment. Many of the scientists I meet are in fact paying for chemicals, equipment, and even student stipends from their own pockets. With insufficient funds for advanced equipment, research projects stagnate and are often downgraded to a narrower scope. This makes it far less likely for the work to be published in mainstream journals, making the results almost invisible to potential colleagues elsewhere in the world. Funding constraints also prevent many scientists from the developing world from attending international conferences where they could share their discoveries or meet potential collaborators and funders. Despite these constraints, they push forward, even as far as patenting discoveries in nutrition and health. But with few avenues to showcase their work to investors, these solutions rarely reach the markets that need them so desperately. Every one of these barriers is solvable. Increasing funding for the basics—equipment, chemicals, travel, and stipends—is the first step. By ensuring scientists in the developing world have these tools, we also ensure they are no longer second-class members of international consortia. Fostering more connections for them with their counterparts in the US then becomes a matter of two-way knowledge sharing and the potential for fruitful and productive collaborations. As an example, we were part of a collaboration with U.S.-based researchers, a U.K. software company, and Canadian funders to help the University of Nairobi Chemistry Department digitize the structures of hundreds of molecules they have isolated over three decades of research. They have now put these online in the first-ever open-source database of medicinal compounds from an African institution. As the Nairobi chemists point out, the first anti-malarial compound, quinine, came from a South American plant and the latest, artemisinin, grew from traditional Chinese medicine. Resistance is growing to both of these drugs. Surely, these chemists say, the next anti-malarial will come from Africa where the disease is also endemic. Perhaps it is lurking in their database right now. If I had $3 billion to invest in curing the world's diseases, that is where I would start.


INTUITIVE AERIAL GENOMFÖR WORKSHOP PÅ KENYAS STÖRSTA UNIVERSITET, KENYATTA UNIVERSITY I NAIROBI Intuitive Aerial, som utvecklar och säljer multirotor-helikoptrar (AERIGON) och stabiliserade kamerahuvuden (NEWTON) för den professionella film- och TV-industrin, kommer under fyra dagar genomföra en riktad workshop för TV- och filmskapare på Kenyatta University i Nairobi. Kenyatta University är ett av de ledande universiteten i Kenya med högkvalitativa utbildningsprogram och med ett campusområde


INTUITIVE AERIAL GENOMFÖR WORKSHOP PÅ KENYAS STÖRSTA UNIVERSITET, KENYATTA UNIVERSITY I NAIROBI Intuitive Aerial, som utvecklar och säljer multirotor-helikoptrar (AERIGON) och stabiliserade kamerahuvuden (NEWTON) för den professionella film- och TV-industrin, kommer under fyra dagar genomföra en riktad workshop för TV- och filmskapare på Kenyatta University i Nairobi. Kenyatta University är ett av de ledande universiteten i Kenya med högkvalitativa utbildningsprogram och med ett campusområde


Onywera V.O.,Kenyatta University
Global health promotion | Year: 2010

Childhood obesity continues to be a serious public health problem across the globe. The problem is increasingly affecting both developing and developed countries alike, albeit at different rates. In Africa, the problem seems to be aggravated by the nutrition and physical activity transition currently taking place, which is leading to an increase in the use of energy-saving devices, the availability of cheap high-calorie dense foods and limited participation in physical activity at home and at school. The situation is complicated by socio-cultural beliefs in which obesity and overweight are admired traits and seen as a sign of wealth, prestige and the 'good life'. Efforts and strategies are therefore needed in order to address the child obesity problem which is starting to show among most African countries. This paper gives some possible strategies which might help in preventing the child obesity and physical inactivity threat in Africa.


RNA interference (RNAi) has rapidly advanced to become a powerful genetic tool and holds promise to revolutionizing agriculture by providing a strategy for controlling a wide array of crop pests. Numerous studies document RNAi efficacy in achieving silencing in viruses, insects, nematodes and weeds parasitizing crops. In general, host derived pest resistance through RNAi is achieved by genetically transforming host plants with double stranded RNA constructs targeted at essential parasite genes leading to generation of small interfering RNAS (siRNAs). Small interfering RNAS formed in the host are then delivered to the parasite and transported to target cells. Delivery can be oral-worms and insects, viral infections, viruses-or through vascular connections- parasitic plants, while delivery to target cells is by cell to cell systemic movement of the silencing signal. Despite the overall optimism in generating pest resistant crops through RNAi-mediated silencing, some hurdles have recently begun to emerge. Presently, the main challenge is delivery of sufficient SİRNAS, in the right cells, and at the right time to mount; a strong, durable and broad-spectrum posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) signal. This review highlights the novel strategies available for improving host derived RNAi resistance in downstream applied agriculture. © 2011 Landes Bioscience.


Objective To establish the food consumption, dietary habits and nutritional status of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and adults whose HIV status is not established.Design Cross-sectional descriptive survey.Setting Thika and Bungoma Districts, Kenya.Subjects A random sample of 439 adults; 174 adults living with HIV/AIDS and 265 adults whose HIV/AIDS status was not established in Thika and Bungoma Districts.Results Majority of PLWHA consume foods that are low in nutrients to build up the immune system and help maintain adequate weight, and there is little variety in the foods they consume. More adults who are HIV-positive are undernourished than those whose status is not established. Of the HIV-positive adults, those with a BMI of ≤18·5 kg/m2 were 23·6% (Thika 20·0% and Bungoma 25·7 %) while of the adults whose status is not established those with BMI ≤18·5 kg/m 2 were 13·9% (Thika 9·3% and Bungoma 16·7 %).Conclusions Adults who are HIV-positive are more likely to be undernourished than those whose status is not established, as there is a significant difference (P = 0·000) between the nutritional status (BMI) of PLWHA and those whose HIV/AIDS status is not established. PLWHA consume foods that are low in nutrients to promote their nutritional well-being and health. © 2009 The Author.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: NERC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 74.90K | Year: 2013

Groundwater resources in the coastal zone of EA are at risk. Increased demand, linked to rapid population growth in the coastal margins, has led to unsustainable and ill-planned well drilling and abstraction. Sea water intrusion into formerly freshwater aquifers frequently occurs as recharge from rainfall is insufficient to support the rate at which water is extracted. Wells supplying domestic, industrial and agricultural needs have, in many areas, become too saline for use. Climate change is expected to exacerbate this problem. Rising sea levels in the Indian Ocean region are projected to cause inundation of saltwater along the coastal zone, which is dominated by highly-permeable rock, while altered precipitation patterns and temperature change will affect the amount of water replenishing the aquifer through infiltration and recharge. Local communities across the region are already reporting changing tidal and rainfall patterns. The multiplicity of hydrological and demographic driving factors makes this a very challenging issue for management. At present the state of coastal aquifers in the EA region is not well constrained and past practices which may have exacerbated the problem have not been clearly identified. This project will bring together teams from Kenya, Tanzania and the Comoros Islands to address this knowledge gap; collaborating and working towards achieving water security in their respective areas. An integrative approach, combining the expertise of hydrogeologists, hydrologists and social scientists, will target selected sites along the coastal zone in each country. Hydrogeologic observatories will be developed where focussed research will identify the current condition of the coastal aquifers and identify future threats based on projected demographic and climate change scenarios. Water supply and monitoring needs will be identified through consultations with end-users and local authorities and optimum strategies for addressing these sought. An initial step will be to survey and bring together all existing data on well installations, abstraction, groundwater gradients and the salinity of existing wells at each pilot site. Understanding where wells are located, how deep they are, how much water is abstracted, what the flow directions are and what the salinity is, provides an overview of the state of the aquifer. Local data on hydraulic properties, such as the permeability, porosity, and storativity of the aquifer will be investigated and synthesised. Targeted electrical geophysical surveys, which provide relevant spatial information on both the aquifer structure and the saltwater distribution, will be undertaken. Similarly data is needed on the hydrological drivers in the system; to understand how much of annual rainfall infiltrates to replenish groundwater reserves (compared to the amount abstracted for human use) and how this might be impacted by changes in rainfall intensity or frequency. Land use and land use change is also important; controlling the proportion of incident rainfall which reaches the soil and subsequently groundwater. Recharge modelling will be an important tool for investigating different scenarios for climate and land use change and evaluating groundwater vulnerability. The social and political aspects of water use and development will be incorporated to assess the compatibility between the evolution of the availability of coastal freshwater resources and those of society and water politics. Researchers will engage with local community and stakeholder groups in each area and work together towards understanding the issues most affecting the communities with regards accessibility to water supply. A two-way exchange of knowledge between researchers and community members is essential in working towards feasible solutions to existing problems and ensuring preparedness for the changes in demographics and environment in the future.

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